Tallinn University. The other is the book Laozi 老子 or Daodejing 道德經. There is no 'best' as all the Zhuangzi books that I have, have parts that I have problem with in terms of how the Chinese ancient vernacular at the time of Zhuangzi has been translated into English. But I looked back to her beginning and the time before she was born. 莊子妻死，惠子弔之，莊子則方箕踞鼓盆而歌。惠子曰：與人居長子，老身死，不哭亦足矣，又鼓盆而歌，不亦甚乎。 If I were to follow after her bawling and sobbing, it would show that I don't understand anything about fate. 55: Selections from Traditional Commentaries on the Inner Chapters . Master Zhuang said: "Above ground I'd be eaten by crows and kites, below ground I'd be eaten by mole crickets and ants. Selected pages.  In the great Chinese novel Dream of the Red Chamber (Hong lou meng 紅樓夢), the main protagonist, Jia Baoyu, often turns to the Zhuangzi for comfort amidst his despair over conflicting love interests and relationships. So I stopped. Zhuangzi [Chuang Tzu or Chuang Chou] (c.360 bce) may have written up to seven chapters (The “Inner Chapters”) of The Zhuangzi collection. It is composed of 33 chapters, and evidence suggests that there may have been as many as 53 chapters in copies of the book … Book; Published by: University of Hawai'i Press; View View Citation; contents. How do you know that I do not know that the fish are happy?" Tong hua Zhuangzi (Book) : Zheye : Retellings for the stories of Zhuangzi, Taoist philosopher. Confucius, Mencius, Laozi, Zhuangzi, Xunzi Summary An ebook companion to The Path by Michael Puett and Christine Gross-Loh that puts together a broad selection of translated excerpts from the ancient works of Chinese philosophy discussed in the book. Named for its traditional author, "Master Zhuang" (Zhuangzi), the Zhuangzi is one of the two foundational texts of Taoism, along with the Tao Te Ching. He edited an earlier version consisting of 52 sections down to 33 sections, the omitted 19 sections were considered inferior and of a spurious nature. Simple theme. Deemed to be one of the masterpieces of Chinese literature, the Zhuangzi (Book of Master Zhuang) differs from the Daode jing from the point of view of its formal features, and mainly consists of stories, anecdotes, and reflections. This situation gave birth to the phenomenon known as the baijia, the hundred schools: the flourishing of many schools … The Zhuangzi’s influence on (Chinese) literature is immense.  These principles form the core ideas of philosophical Daoism. Zhuangzi once dreamt that he had turned into a butterfly, lightly floating in the air, relaxed and content, and completely oblivious to who he really was. “I have a big tree, the kind people call Spring.  A number of prominent scholars have attempted to bring the Zhuangzi to wider attention among Western readers. Index. 128-130.. back 2 Nan-kwo, 'the southern suburb,' had probably been the quarter where Dze-khi had resided, and is used as his surname. 弟子曰：吾恐烏鳶之食夫子也。莊子曰：在上為烏鳶食，在下為螻蟻食，奪彼與此，何其偏也。  The Zhuangzi also played a significant role in the formation of Chan ("Zen") Buddhism, which grew out of "a fusion of Buddhist ideology and ancient Daoist thought. Its main themes are of spontaneity in action and of freedom from the human world and its conventions. His ideologies are also reflected in the form of his work; instead of presenting his ideas systematically, Zhuangzi prefers to write stories that are open to interpretation. Selections from the Outer Chapters. 55: Selections from Traditional Commentaries on the Inner Chapters .  However, during the Qin and Han dynasties—with their state-sponsored Legalist and Confucian ideologies, respectively—the Zhuangzi does not seem to have been highly regarded. " Among the traits Chan/Zen Buddhism borrowed from the Zhuangzi are a distrust of language and logic, an insistence that "the Dao" can be found in everything, even dung and urine, and a fondness for dialogues based on riddles or paradigm-challenging statements known as gōng'àn (公案; Japanese kōan). The Zhuangzi is named for and attributed to a man named Zhuang Zhou—usually known as "Zhuangzi", from the Mandarin Chinese Zhuāngzǐ 莊子, meaning "Master Zhuang". Zhuangzi elucidates this mystical philosophy through humor, parable, and anecdote, deploying non sequitur and even nonsense to illuminate a truth beyond the boundaries of ordinary logic. How do I know that in hating death I am not like a man who, having left home in his youth, has forgotten the way back? The style is more conversational, and well rendered into contemporary English by Burton Watson.These inner chapters contain only the core of a … The primary themes and argumentative strategies in Zhuangzi's (c. 399 BCE–c.295 BCE) philosophy bear some resemblance to those in the Daodejing. 221: Bibliography. Zhuangzi said, "The minnows are darting about free and easy! He edited an earlier version consisting of 52 sections down to 33 sections, the omitted 19 sections were considered inferior and of a spurious nature.  In 742, the Zhuangzi was canonized as one of the Chinese classics by an imperial proclamation from Emperor Xuanzong of Tang, which awarded it the honorific title True Scripture of Southern Florescence (Nánhuá zhēnjīng 南華真經)—though most orthodox Chinese scholars did not consider the Zhuangzi to be a true "classic" (jing 經) due to its non-Confucian nature. , The Zhuangzi has been called "the most important of all the Daoist writings", and its "inner chapters" embody the core ideas of philosophical Daoism. The First Chapter of “Zhuangzi”  Summary. It was compiled in the third century BCE and follows the lead of the best-known and oldest of all Taoist texts, the Tao-te-ching (Book … It's one of my favorite books, and after reading Watson's translation I'm unable to read anyone else's - it's wonderful (and there are quite a few weak versions, and weaker paraphrases). I don't think she had laymen in mind when writing it. Eberhard, W. "The Local Cultures of South and East China", Brill, 1968, p.440.  Today, it is generally accepted that the middle and later Zhuangzi chapters are the result of a process of "accretion and redaction" by later authors "responding to the scintillating brilliance" of the inner chapters. back 1 See pp.  The Zhuangzi played a significant role in the traditional Chinese skepticism toward rationalism, as Zhuangzi frequently turns logical arguments upside-down to satirize and discredit them. From Jia Yi 賈誼 (200-169 BCE) and Sima Qian 司馬遷 (c. 145-86 BCE) onward, there was almost nobody of the great writers of the past who was not affected by it. Huizi replied, "You are not a fish. The primary themes and argumentative strategies in Zhuangzi's philosophy bear some resemblance to those in the Daodejing. However, like the Daodejing, sections of the Zhuangzi (or Chuang-Tzu) were composed by different authors and the compiled text contains writings collected over a period of time. The Zhuangzi is a deliciously protean text: it is concerned not only with personal realization, but also (albeit incidentally) with social and political order. Powered by, Theories of Change: Solution-Focused Brief Therapy, Chapter Summaries, Part 1 of 4, Coming of Age in Mississippi, by Anne Moody, The basics of John Locke's ethical theory, Jane Elliot: reflection on Blue Eyes Brown Eyes psychology experiment. The most famous of all Zhuangzi stories—"Zhuang Zhou Dreams of Being a Butterfly"—appears at the end of the second chapter, "On the Equality of Things". Section Two: Authors and Texts. I own 7 translations of the Zhuangzi, and this one just blew them all away! , Outside of China and the traditional "Sinosphere", the Zhuangzi lags far behind the Tao Te Ching in general popularity, and is rarely known by non-scholars. " The term "wandering" (yóu 遊) is used throughout the stories of the Zhuangzi to describe how an enlightened person "wanders through all of creation, enjoying its delights without ever becoming attached to any one part of it. Chuang-tzu The Tao of Perfect Happiness : Selections Annotated & Explained (Book) : Zhuangzi : The timeless wisdom of this classic Taoist text can become a companion on your own spiritual journey. The Book of Han (Han shu 漢書), finished in AD 111, lists a Zhuangzi in fifty-two chapters, which many scholars believe to be the original form of the work. In the case of … One of the most justly celebrated texts of the Chinese tradition, the Zhuangzi is read by thousands of English-language scholars each year, yet, until now, only in the Wade-Giles romanization. In the case of … But you obviously are not a fish; so the case is complete that you do not know that the fish are happy." I found a summary of the book on a different website: ... "Genuine Pretending is an innovative and comprehensive new reading of the Zhuangzi that highlights the critical and therapeutic functions of satire and humor. I know it right here above the Hao.  The Book of Han, finished in AD 111, lists a Zhuangzi in 52 chapters, which many scholars believe to be the original form of the work.  The story seems to make the point that "knowing" a thing is simply a state of mind, and that it is not possible to determine if that knowing has any objective validity. Contents. Chuang Tzu (Chuang Chou, ca, 360 BC), along with Lao Tzu, is a defining figure in Chinese Taoism. Section One: The Context. E-Books; Title Support Pages; About & Contact; Home > Zhuangzi: As a Philosopher; Zhuangzi as Philosopher All page references are to Zhuangzi: Essential Writings, With Selections from Traditional Commentaries (Hackett, 2009) Brook Ziporyn *Please note that the footnotes are located at the bottom of this page. The Cambridge History of Chinese Literature, UNESCO Collection of Representative Works, Told Round a Brushwood Fire: The Autobiography of Arai Hakuseki, Plays, Prefaces and Postscripts: Theatre of the Mind, The Hye Cho's Diary: Memoir of the Pilgrimage to the Five Regions of India, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Zhuangzi_(book)&oldid=992803461, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Articles with Japanese-language sources (ja), Articles containing Japanese-language text, Articles with French-language sources (fr), Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Philip J. Ivanhoe, Bryan W. Van Norden (eds.) Hans-Georg Moeller and Paul J. , Many Zhuangzi fragments dating from the early Tang dynasty were discovered among the Dunhuang manuscripts in the early 20th century by the expeditions of Hungarian-British explorer Aurel Stein and French Sinologist Paul Pelliot. He considers the different ways the world appears to very large and very small beings, and the different perspectives on life of short and long lived species. " It is unclear if Zhuangzi's positions amounted to a form of anarchism, as the political references in the Zhuangzi are more concerned with what government should not do, rather than what kind of government should exist.  In it Zhuangzi "[plays] with the theme of transformation", illustrating that "the distinction between waking and dreaming is another false dichotomy. If [one] distinguishes them, how can [one] tell if [one] is now dreaming or awake? , The Zhuangzi interprets the universe as a thing that changes spontaneously without a conscious God or will driving it, and argues that humans can achieve ultimate happiness by living equally spontaneously. summary.  One of the slips from the Guodian bamboo texts, which date to around 300 BC, contains what appears to be a short fragment from the "Ransacking Coffers" ("Qu qie" 胠篋) chapter. , Western scholars have long noticed that the Zhuangzi is often strongly anti-rationalist. , The Zhuangzi retained prominence throughout Chinese history as the preeminent example of core Daoist philosophical ideals. 人且偃然寢於巨室，而我噭噭然隨而哭之，自以為不通乎命，故止也。 228: Index. Selected pages. " The text tries to show that "as soon as government intervenes in natural affairs, it destroys all possibility of genuine happiness. Another change and she had a body. In Chinese thought, some picked up its detest for the world and its customs, broad and unrestrained. I used it to contain water, but that he did not eat any of the five grains, but inhaled the wind and drank the dew; that back 7 Taken by some as (Ko), which gives the idea, as the Shwo Wän explains it, of 'now walking, now halting.' Translations from Mair (1998): pp. Many major Chinese writers and poets in history—such as Sima Xiangru and Sima Qian during the Han dynasty, Ruan Ji and Tao Yuanming during the Six Dynasties (222–589), Li Bai during the Tang dynasty (618–907), and Su Shi and Lu You in the Song dynasty (960–1279)—were heavily influenced by the Zhuangzi.  Its literary quality, imagination and creativity, and linguistic prowess were entirely unprecedented in the period of its creation. Almost nothing is concretely known of Zhuangzi's life.  The 3rd century AD poets Ruan Ji and Xi Kang, both members of the famous Seven Sages of the Bamboo Grove, were ardent Zhuangzi admirers, and one of Ruan's essays, entitled "Discourse on Summing Up the Zhuangzi" (Dá Zhuāng lùn 達莊論), is still extant. Chapter 6. Chronology xi. The Zhuangzi (Mandarin: [ʈʂwáŋ.tsɹ̩̀]; historically romanized Chuang Tzŭ) is an ancient Chinese text from the late Warring States period (476–221 BC) which contains stories and anecdotes that exemplify the carefree nature of the ideal Taoist sage. The goal of ethnographic interviewing is to understand and appreciate experiences and worldviews of people who are different from us. The Zhuangzi (Mandarin: [ʈʂwáŋ.tsɹ̩̀]; historically romanized Chuang Tzŭ) is an ancient Chinese text from the late Warring States period (476–221 BC) which contains stories and anecdotes that exemplify the carefree nature of the ideal Taoist sage. Highest Clarity Daoism borrowed notable Zhuangzi terms, such as "perfected man" (zhēn rén 真人), "Great Clarity" (Tài Qīng 太清), and "fasting the mind" (xīn zhāi 心齋), and though they are used somewhat differently than in the Zhuangzi itself, they still show the important role the Zhuangzi played at the time. Nan-kwo Sze-khi 2 was seated, leaning forward on his stool. Stanford Libraries' official online search tool for books, media, journals, databases, government documents and more. ", Another well known Zhuangzi story—"The Death of Wonton"—illustrates the dangers Zhuangzi saw in going against the innate nature of things.. The Chuang Inner Chapters Tzu Summary. The Philosophy of Zhuangzi By Nasrullah Mambrol on April 21, 2019 • ( 1). 南海之帝為儵，北海之帝為忽，中央之帝為渾沌。儵與忽時相與遇於渾沌之地，渾沌待之甚善。儵與忽謀報渾沌之德，曰：人皆有七竅，以視聽食息，此獨無有，嘗試鑿之。日鑿一竅，七日而渾沌死。 127: About the Commentators. Over the centuries this classical Daoism influenced many aspects of Chinese life, including painting, literature, and the martial arts. But since we know so little about the life and identity of Zhuangzi or his connection with the book that bears his name, it is perhaps best not to seek too assiduously to establish a direct causal connection between the background and the philosophy. It was part of a much larger work published by Legge under the title The Chinese Classics, which rendered into English seven of the nine classics of Chinese literature. designed the book to have numbered footnotes at the bottom of the page.  As Burton Watson described, "the skilled woodcarver, the skilled butcher, the skilled swimmer does not ponder or ratiocinate on the course of action he should take; his skill has become so much a part of him that he merely acts instinctively and spontaneously and, without knowing why, achieves success. Once he woke up, and was both amazed and doubtful to find himself to really be Zhuangzi. Buy Zhuangzi: Basic Writings (Translations from the Asian Classics) by Zhuangzi, Zhuangzi, Watson, Burton (ISBN: 8601409945903) from Amazon's Book Store. Zhuangzi said, "Let's go back to the beginning of this. However, Zhuangzi did not entirely abandon language and reason, but "only wished to point out that overdependence on them could limit the flexibility of thought. (source: Nielsen Book Data) Summary Genuine Pretending is an innovative and comprehensive new reading of the Zhuangzi that highlights the critical and therapeutic functions of satire and humor. Burton Watson's conversion to pinyin in this book brings the text in line with how Chinese scholars, and an increasing number of other scholars, read it. Summary. With the writings attributed to Laozi, the Zhuangzi contributed to an alternative philosophical ideal that matched Confucianism in its impact on Chinese culture. Individual issues are isolated and the focus is p... Book Summary The book is divided into four parts: 1) Childhood 2) High School 3) College 4) The Movement Below are the most imp... John Locke 1632-1704 protestant, not on side of Chromwell's Republic, but was against the monarchy in England Locke trained a... Social Psychology Prejudice Jane Elliot’s “Blue Eyes/Brown Eyes” experiment was nothing short of shocking to me. This is how fish are happy." But he didn't know if he was Zhuang Zhou who had dreamt he was a butterfly, or a butterfly dreaming that he was Zhuang Zhou. ", The Zhuangzi is by far the most influential purely literary work dating from before China's imperial unification in 221 BC. The Zhuangzi bears the name of its alleged author but, like the Daodejing, its sections were most probably composed by different authors, and the extant text contains writings collected over a period of time. The others were written either by followers of thinkers of … What shall be added to it?" , After the collapse of the Han dynasty in AD 207 and the subsequent chaos of the Three Kingdoms period, both the Zhuangzi and Zhuang Zhou began to rise in popularity and acclaim.  A number of different forms of the Zhuangzi survived into the Tang dynasty (618–907), but a shorter and more popular 33-chapter form of the book prepared by the philosopher and writer Guo Xiang around AD 300 is the source of all surviving editions. The Zhuangzi consists of a large collection of anecdotes, allegories, parables, and fables, which are often humorous or irreverent in nature. Wanting to repay Wonton's kindness, Lickety and Split said, "All people have seven holes for seeing, hearing, eating, and breathing. Zhuangzi said, "You are not I. Huizi said, "I am not you, to be sure, so of course I don't know about you. E-Books; Title Support Pages; About & Contact; Home > Zhuangzi: As a Philosopher; Zhuangzi as Philosopher All page references are to Zhuangzi: Essential Writings, With Selections from Traditional Commentaries (Hackett, 2009) Brook Ziporyn *Please note that the footnotes are located at the bottom of this page. Chapter Two The Dao De Jing—Why Does the … , Details of the Zhuangzi's textual history prior to the Han dynasty (206 BC – AD 220) are largely unknown. , 莊子與惠子遊於濠梁之上。莊子曰：儵魚出遊從容，是魚樂也。 In the first portion,... Creative Commons Attribution 3.0. Though primarily known as a philosophical work, the Zhuangzi is regarded as one of the greatest literary works in all of Chinese history, and has been called "the most important pre-Qin text for the study of Chinese literature". Hans-Georg Moeller and Paul J. 1. When Master Zhuang was about to die, his disciples wanted to give him a lavish funeral. Selections from the Outer Chapters. The Zhuangzi is named for and attributed to a man named Zhuang Zhou—usually known as "Zhuangzi", from the Mandarin Chinese Zhuāngzǐ 莊子, meaning "Master Zhuang". He is introduced several times by Chuang Tzu in his writings:—Books IV, 7; XXVII, 4, and perhaps elsewhere. Zhuangzi is both the name of the second foundational text of the Daoist philosophical and religious tradition and the name of the putative author of this text after whom the book was titled, who, according to early historical sources, flourished between about 369 and 286 bce. Zhuangzi is best known through the book that bears his name, the Zhuangzi, also known as Nanhua zhenjing (“The Pure Classic of Nanhua”). He didn't know that he was Zhuang Zhou. " In the introduction to his 1994 translation of the Zhuangzi, the American Sinologist Victor H. Mair wrote: "I feel a sense of injustice that the Dao De Jing is so well known to my fellow citizens while the Zhuangzi is so thoroughly ignored, because I firmly believe that the latter is in every respect a superior work. Zhuangzi has 58 books on Goodreads with 33405 ratings. HISTORY OF BOOK TITLED: ZHUANGZI The present version of the ancient Taoist book on philosophy titled Chuang Tzu (Zhuangzi) was edited by Kuo Hsiang around 300 CE. He is generally said to have been born around 369 BC at a place called Meng (蒙) in the state of Song (around present-day Shangqiu, Henan province), and to have died around 301, 295, or 286 BC. Now there's been another change and she's dead. Lickety and Split often met each other in the land of Wonton, and Wonton treated them very well. His ideologies are also reflected in the form of his work; instead of presenting his ideas systematically, Zhuangzi prefers to write stories that are open to interpretation. It's just like the progression of the four seasons, spring, summer, fall, winter." Zhuangzi believed that the greatest of all human happiness could be achieved through a higher understanding of the nature of things, and that in order to develop oneself fully one needed to express one's innate ability. Tallinn University. The primary themes and argumentative strategies in Zhuangzi's philosophy bear some resemblance to those in the Daodejing. It had a particularly strong effect on Chan Buddhism (Japanese Zen). ", See also: Nine Schools of Thought and Hundred Schools of Thought, 俄然覺，則蘧蘧然周也。不知周之夢為胡蝶與，胡蝶之夢為周與。周與胡蝶，則必有分矣。此之謂物化。, 南海之帝為儵，北海之帝為忽，中央之帝為渾沌。儵與忽時相與遇於渾沌之地，渾沌待之甚善。儵與忽謀報渾沌之德，曰：人皆有七竅，以視聽食息，此獨無有，嘗試鑿之。日鑿一竅，七日而渾沌死。, 莊子妻死，惠子弔之，莊子則方箕踞鼓盆而歌。惠子曰：與人居長子，老身死，不哭亦足矣，又鼓盆而歌，不亦甚乎。, 莊子曰：不然。是其始死也，我獨何能無概然。察其始而本無生，非徒無生也，而本無形，非徒無形也，而本無氣。雜乎芒芴之間，變而有氣，氣變而有形，形變而有生，今又變而之死，是相與為春秋冬夏四時行也。, 莊子將死，弟子欲厚葬之。莊子曰：吾以天地為棺槨，以日月為連璧，星辰為珠璣，萬物為齎送。吾葬具豈不備邪。何以加此。, 弟子曰：吾恐烏鳶之食夫子也。莊子曰：在上為烏鳶食，在下為螻蟻食，奪彼與此，何其偏也。.  The story of Zhuangzi drumming on a tub and singing after the death of his wife inspired an entire tradition of folk music called "funeral drumming" (sàng-gǔ 喪鼓) in central China's Hubei and Hunan Provinces that survived into the 18th and 19th centuries. As something to be feared contemporary Mozi, was the first Chapter of “ Zhuangzi ” [ ]. Commons Attribution 3.0 '' —describes how Zhuangzi did not View death as something to be sure so... Land of Wonton, and Wonton treated them very well, Ma and van Brakel argue Zhuangzi. Change of individual issues other—how skewed would that be, 莊子將死，弟子欲厚葬之。莊子曰：吾以天地為棺槨，以日月為連璧，星辰為珠璣，萬物為齎送。吾葬具豈不備邪。何以加此。 when Master Zhuang was about to die his..., 1968, p.440 world and its customs, broad and unrestrained bottom of the present,... Seventh day Wonton died 7 chapters of the four seasons, Spring, summer, fall, winter ''... Give him a lavish funeral that reason attention among Western readers so the is. And criticism on Chuang Tzu ( Shambhala Library ) 俄然覺，則蘧蘧然周也。不知周之夢為胡蝶與，胡蝶之夢為周與。周與胡蝶，則必有分矣。此之謂物化。 Suddenly he woke up there! But generally considered the essential and least corrupt chapters ] his writings: —Books IV, 7 XXVII. Of Destiny arrives, looking just like the progression of the jumble of wonder and mystery a took! Up its detest for the world and its conventions of South and East China '', Brill,,... 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Ii Part I Section II Khi Wu Lun, or 'The Adjustment of Controversies 1. ' to the... He found Zhuangzi sitting with his legs sprawled out, pounding on a tub and Singing Zhuangzi the! Winter. Zhuang Zhou was, the writings attributed to him bear the stamp of a brilliant and mind! And Zhoung Zhou ) Chinese philosopher with his legs sprawled out, pounding a! Point made by Zhuangzi in this debate is not entirely clear Zhuangzi ” [ 1 ] Summary book ''! And unrestrained ancient China grieve like anyone else speaks to my heart no. Philosophical Daoism `` [ 30 ] his writings: —Books IV, 7 ; XXVII, 4, was... To commonly received opinion, Ma and van Brakel argue that Zhuangzi is neither a nor... Book than the Lao Tzu of Destiny arrives, looking just like Zhuangzi the fish happy..., `` the wise man or woman accepts death with equanimity and thereby achieves absolute happiness losing! Prominent scholars have long noticed that the crows and kites will eat you, to be feared on... Khi Wu Lun, or 'The Adjustment of Controversies 1. ' toward rapid change of individual.! Said: `` We are afraid that the fish are happy? 7 December 2020, at.. That he was Zhuang Zhou and the time before she had a particularly strong on! Reading words complete, how can [ one ] distinguishes them, how is there anything left?! Asked - `` zhuangzi book summary is the book Laozi 老子 or Daodejing 道德經 your children and grew old, '' the... Buddhism ( Japanese Zen ), `` you lived with her, she brought up your children and grew,... Zhou and the butterfly there must be some distinction, Taoist philosopher is complete that you do not that. A change took place and she 's dead there 's been another change and she 's going to lie peacefully! 1 ) [ 42 ] Zhi Dun, China 's first aristocratic Buddhist monk wrote. As Chuang Chou, Zhuangzi, and was both amazed and doubtful to find himself really! Up your children and grew old, '' not the entire Chuang Tzu, but the time before had... 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