Anointing of the sick, known also by other names, is a form of religious anointing or "unction" (an older term with the same meaning) for the benefit of a sick person. Why are Last Rites important? Often, when people are sick, they get discouraged, depressed, angry, annoyed, and afraid. The anointing of the sick is often a Catholic Christian’s final sacrament. Anointing of the sick instituted by Christ himself during his time. We have been richly gifted by health care ministry in the church from the earliest times. The Church believes that the sacrament offers a special grace to calm the spirit. It is practiced by many Christian churches and denominations.. Anointing of the sick was a customary practice in many civilizations, including among the ancient Greeks and early Jewish communities. In reality, the Anointing of the Sick is to offer prayers for possible recovery, with the more important intention to give strength to the soul of the sick person. This sacrament was once called extreme unction (meaning final anointing) because it had, over time, come to be reserved for the dying. The final steps are the anointing of the sick, recital of Our Father, and communion. The reason for the restriction to priests is because the "anointing of the sick" and the effects of the sacrament are inherently related to the Priesthood of Christ. The ceremony petitions God for the person’s spiritual and physical healing through the Holy Spirit, and is meant to unite the person with the suffering of Christ. The sacrament is administered to give strength and comfort to the ill and to mystically unite their suffering with that of Christ during his Passion and death. Anointing of the sick, formerly extreme unction, in the Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox churches, the ritual anointing of the seriously ill and the frail elderly. The Second Vatican Council renamed it “anointing of the sick” to describe its appropriate place in the life of the Christian faithful: to offer strength and healing in time of serious illness. Last Rites are crucial for faithful Catholics because these are the final prayers and blessings the dying will receive before going to heaven. He healed many sick people and Non- Catholic this because they do not believe the healing power of our Lord through anointing them. The anointing of the sick conveys several graces and imparts gifts of strengthening in the Holy Spirit against anxiety, discouragement, and temptation, and conveys peace and fortitude (CCC 1520). It was only after the Spirit of God (the Holy Ghost) descended upon Him that he began His ministry. The Anointing of the Sick is a biblically-based ceremony performed for the benefit of a person who is ill, frail from age, or about to have major surgery. 1003). BY: SR. MARLENE WEISENBECK, FSPA, Ph.D., J.C.L. 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