This interest is an instrument with which they can understand and interact with the student. 1  Black, L. (2013). Key Stage 4 Independent Learning Expectations It is expected that KS4 students should have between 60 and 90 minutes of independent learning per subject per week. Students can self-critique more effectively. In contrast, self-directed learning is a guided experience which includes feedback from guides, teachers, mentors, tutors and additional human interactions. “In this, Wedemeyer demonstrated that by decon­structing the teaching process into specialties, employing specialists to work on each as members of a teaching team, and connecting (i.e., ‘articulating’) a variety of communications media to deliver the program, the quality of programs would exceed what could be provided by individuals working alone, or that could be delivered by any one medium (Wedemeyer & Najem, 1969). Devise a strategy for all classes to follow for some of the lessons i.e. Independent learning includes time management and other life skills. Wedemeyer also realized that ubiquity of instructional telecommunication would lead to learning anytime and anyplace. Learning Theories Learning theories are an organized set of principles explaining how individuals acquire, retain, and recall knowledge. Children are seen as inherently curious and learning driven. She is currently working on a non-fiction text exploring the attributes of self-directed learners: The Five Characteristics of Self-directed Learners. They believe learning occurred in two ways: cognitive learning and experiential learning. students working in pairs and later as individuals. But many people did not know how to label what they were doing. Independent Learning Theory is … Originator: Maria Montessori (1870-1952), Italian teacher and physician Keywords: absorbent mind, sensitive period, prepared environment, autoeducation, planes of development He believes that biological evolution doesn’t only occur by natural selection. Tracy Harrington-Atkinson, mother of six, lives in the mid-west with her husband. Calendar Inbox History Help Close. Retrieved from http://www.academia.edu/9478814/DEVELOPING_LEARNER_AUTONOMY_FACTORS_AFFECTING_STUDENTS_SATISFACTION_WITH_AN_INDEPENDENT_LEARNING_MODULE. In a nutshell, success in independent learning only requires three key qualities: 1. “…the extension student of the future will probably not ‘attend’ classes; rather, the opportunities and processes of learning will come to him. Psychological constructivism: the independent investigator The relationship between adult learning and self‑directed learning is a topic worth exploring on both theoretical and practical grounds. Independent learning. Developing learner autonomy: Factors affecting students’ satisfaction an independent learning module. Cognitive development stems from social interactions from guided learning within the zone of proximal development as children and their partner's co-construct knowledge. 661-679. The University of Wisconsin’s website “About Wedemeyer” states that in 1965, Wedemeyer predicted today’s e-Learning by making the following observations in Brandenburg Memorial Essays: Another important contribution of Wedemeyer to the theoretical development of distance education emerged while he was implementing  the Articulated Instructional Media Project (AIM) as the Director of Correspondence Education at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. While several experts (de Beaufort, 2016; Livingston, 2012) promote independent learning and self-directed learning as synonyms, others (Knowles, 1975; Skiff, 2009) emphatically implore educators and scholars to succinctly differentiate terms in order to develop and understand the learning process associated with each label. Tweet. How is independent learning viewed by teachers? (pp. Self-directed Learning: A Guide for Learners and Teachers. She loved storytelling and sharing her stories with her children. The normal processes of teaching and learning … Next is the concept that internal psychological states are a vital part of this process. Learning refers to “a persisting change in human performance or performance potential brought about as a result of the learner’s interaction with the environment” The Key Theories For Independent Learning In The Classroom. Another way to understand independent study is to understand learning from a distance. The University of Manchester. As a means of better understanding the processes involved in this mode of study, this Teaching Tip outlines key components of four key stages to independent learning, known as self-directed learning: being ready to learn, setting learning goals, engaging in the learning process, and evaluating learning. The survey itself consists of 60 items, with ten questions each that are averaged together to measure dominance in one or more of the six measured learning styles. While several experts (de Beaufort, 2016; Livingston, 2012) promote independent learning and self-directed learning as synonyms, others (Knowles, 1975; Skiff, 2009) emphatically implore educators … Roles of the teacher and student are therefore shifted, as a teacher should collaborate with his or her students in order to help facilitate meaning construction in students. In so doing, they hope that the pupils in their charge can take control of their own learning – both inside the classroom and beyond. 6 Scaffolds That Deepen Independent Learning. In M. G. Moore, Handbook of distance education (3rd Ed.). He states that these terms such as “self-planning learning, inquiry method, independent learning, self-education, self-instruction, self-teaching, self-study and autonomous learning” (p18) are strongly related to the learner acquiring knowledge in isolation. By studying and knowing the different learning theories, we can better understand how learning occurs. Yet, the purpose in delineating between these idioms is to establish a common foundation for further discussion and development of the characteristics or attributes of these self-directed learners. highly compatible with constructivist learning theory as students can work towards a desired learning path. 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