The leaf stalks are used in salads. Broadleaf dock is found in most of the western states, except Nevada, Wyoming and North Dakota. This species is well known for rubbing the long deep green leaves on the skin as an antidote to a nettle sting. & Koch is a rare, partially sterile, hybrid dock known from MA, ME, NH, RI, VT. Its sterility manifests as fruiting perianths of different shapes and sizes on the same plant. Rumex hymenosepalus has been cultivated in the Southwestern U.S. to use in leather tanning, while leaves and stems are used for a mustard-colored dye . Family: Polygonaceae . Rumex crispus L.; curly dock . It is native to Northern Ireland and a number of other countries in Africa, temperate Asia, and Europe (GRIN Taxonomy Database, 2009). The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Wind. uliginosus occurs on tidal estuarine mud. Rumex obtusifolius seedlings usually appear on the ground near adult conspecific plants, and their survival rate under the canopy of adult conspecifics is higher than that outside the canopy, indicating that adult R. obtusifolius plants facilitate their seedling establishments. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Rumex patientia is a PERENNIAL growing to 1.5 m (5ft) by 0.5 m (1ft 8in). They are quite a troublesome group because members easily cross-breed – broad-leaved dock especially with Scottish dock ( R. aquaticus ), water dock ( R. hydrolapathum ), curled dock ( R. crispus ) and northern dock ( R. longifolius ). Rumex obtusifolius. Rumex spp. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. hymenosepalus (wild rhubarb) is common in the desert in the American Southwest.It is larger and more succulent than many other docks. There are many edible docks, but curly dock and broad-leaved dock are the most common in the USA and Europe. Touching the throat-pit brings on the cough. Rumex obtusifolius Overview. Worse from the least cold air; so that all cough ceases by covering up all the body and head with the bedclothes. Common problems with Rumex obtusifolius. Which Docks Are Edible? Range: Curly dock is found throughout the U.S., including every western state. Rumex Acetosa Rumex diminishes the secretions of mucous membranes, and at the same time exalts sensibility of the mucous membranes of the larynx and trachea. Similar to broad-leaved dock except for its leaves which are narrower, with crinkled edges, leaves tapered towards tip and base. In Ireland, R. obtusifolius is used as astringent, laxative, tonic, antidote to nettle, and for the treatment of sores, blisters, burns and cancer (Harshaw et al., 2010). General information about Rumex obtusifolius (RUMOB) Euromediterranean region (except southeast), Siberia, Western Asia. It is used in folklore medicine, and has been used as an antidote to nettle, depurative, astringent laxative and for the treatment of sores, blisters, burns, cancer and tumours (Dr Duke’s Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases, 2009 in Harshaw et al ., 2010). [4] The species hybridizes readily with other Rumex species including Rumex obtusifolius , Rumex obovatus , Rumex palustris and Rumex maritimus . The root and fruits are used as medicine. datasets have provided data to the NBN Atlas for this species.. Browse the list of datasets and find organisations you can join if you are interested in participating in a survey for species like Rumex obtusifolius L. Related plants. The common Dock of our fields and roadsides, rumex obtusifolius, has a reputation among children as the best antidote to nettle sting, a reputation which is very well deserved as Clarke can testify. Our findings suggest that control of these highly troublesome weeds can be assisted by appropriate agricultural practices, notably exposing cut fragments to drying … The fruit of the plant is reddish brown. Other edible docks include R. occidentalis (western dock), R. longifolius (yard dock), and R. stenphyllus (field dock).R. It is easily recognizable by its very large oval leaves with cordate bases and rounded tips, some of the lower leaves having red stems. The leaves are crisped and wavy. Eames & L.H. It is hardy to zone (UK) 5. Genus. obtusifolius Werier (2017) voucher! Rumex obtusifolius is a perennial herbaceous flowering plant that grows to a height of 40 to 150 cm (16 to 59 in). Dicamba (benzoic acid) is effective on curly dock ( Rumex crispus) but not on broadleaf dock ( R. obtusifolius ). The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Eaten for their tart flavor are: Rumex acetosa, Rumex acetosella, Rumex aquaticus var. Rumex obtusifolius PID1745-1.jpg 901 × 1,200; 352 KB Rumex obtusifolius PID1746-1.jpg 901 × 1,200; 295 KB Rumex obtusifolius PID1748-1.jpg 900 × 1,200; 234 KB Rumex alpinus was used as a laxative, and to treat stomach problems in Bulgaria and Ukraine, and in Turkey against diarrhoea, constipation and eczema (Šťastná et al., 2010). The young leaves are sometimes used in salads, bitter but pleasing as part of a mix, with a slightly laxative effect. It is in flower from June to July, and the seeds ripen in August. This plant has medical uses in European herbal medicine as well. Rumex crispus ssp. fenestratus, Rumex articus , Rumex paucifolius, Rumex rugosus , Rumex sagittatus, Rumex vesicarius , and Rumex … Rumex hastatulus, or Heartwing Sorrel, is an annual or short-lived perennial herb-like plant, erect, weedy, with leaves that are mainly basal, alternate, and simple. Rumex obtusifolius bitter dock This plant and the related entity italicized and indented above can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. L.; broadleaf dock . It is harvested from the wild for local use as a food, medicine and source of materials. Rumex crispus × Rumex obtusifolius → Rumex ×‌pratensis Mert. Mature plants are capable of w... More... More information. Often considered a 'weed', it can be found next to water or on disturbed ground almost anywhere. 20 grow in Finland. R. obtusifolius can be an invasive species on account of its prolific production of seeds, which can remain viable for a long time, its capability for vegetative reproduction, and adaptability to different environments. Dry, unremitting short cough, and violent pains in the bowels; uvula elongated; inflammation of œsophagus; also cancer); Rumex obtusifolius-Lapathum -Broad-leaf dock--(nosebleed and headache following; pain in kidneys; leucorrhœa). Rumex acetosa. Leaves can be used as a vegetable; roots and seeds may be used for herbal or medicinal purposes Found in similar places to broadleaved dock. The seeds are reddish to brown in color. ; A.J. It is in flower from June to October, and the seeds ripen from July to October. MacDaniels 3984: 3/6/2018 - David Werier Ulster: 2010: BKL – BKL00098333 Herbarium Name Used: Rumex obtusifolius Introduced in Russian Far East, Sri Lanka, Malesia, China, Japan, Korea, South Africa, North America (widespread, including Alaska, Greenland), Mexico, Central America, Caribbean, South America (except northern Brazil), New Zealand Bitter dock (Rumex obtusifolius) Curly dock has wings of the fruit which are smooth-edged — in contrast to its curly-edged leaves. It is noted for attracting wildlife. The edges of the leaves are slightly "crisped" or wavy, the upper surface is hairless and the under surface may be papillose. Fiddle dock (Rumex pulcher) Rumex obtusifolius is sometimes used for medicinal purposes (USDA-NRCS 2008). The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Wind. Rumex obtusifolius is a PERENNIAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in). Rumex obtusifolius has large leaves and some lower leaves have red stems. Rumex obtusifolius used to be called butter dock because its large leaves were used to wrap and conserve butter . The flowers are greenish at first which turns red when they get matured. Docks have chracteristic seed pods (also called seed valves), and you can tell which species of Rumex it is by looking closely at the shape of the tiny pods (see photos below). Known Hazards Plants can contain quite high levels of oxalic acid, which is what gives the leaves of many … Rumex obtusifolius, Broad-leaf Dock, is common in the Blue Mountains and many other parts of Australia. Scientifically, Rumex is an edible plant that has many uses. —The dock roots are decidedly alterative, tonic, mildly astringent, and detergent, and are eminently useful in scorbutic, cutaneous, scrofulous, scirrhous and syphilitic affections, leprosy, elephantiasis, etc. Broadleaf dock is treated as a weed which is somewhat poisonous. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. Herbarium Name Used: Rumex obtusifolius ssp. Similar interactions of increasing soil depth and desiccation were found in reductions in dry weight, number of tillers and leaf area, with R. obtusifolius generally, but not exclusively, better able to withstand more extreme trial conditions. Genus Rumex is comprised of some 200 species wordwide, of which approx. Habitat Anthropogenic (man-made or disturbed habitats), coastal beaches (sea beaches), meadows and fields, shores of rivers or lakes, wetland margins (edges of wetlands) littoreus has a coastal distribution, and Rumex crispus ssp. Picloram (pyridine) is effective on most Rumex species. Description. According to Joslin, Rumex quoted by Hale, was used by allopaths internally and externally for the cure of itch. The Plants Database includes the following 57 species of Rumex . Sorrel. Flowers tend to be small, red in color, and carried in terminal, branched clusters. Curly dock (Rumex crispus) Curly dock (Rumex crispus) Since the seeds and seed stalks persist through the winter season, you can identify this plant by the fruit’s wings even in the winter. Rumex obtusifolius L. (Polygonaceae), commonly called ‘broad-leaf dock’, is one of the most common Irish wayside weeds, and it also occurs in silage fields, on river banks, in ditches and on waste grounds. Used for their leaves and seeds are: Rumex rispus, Rumex obtusifolius (also called Butter Dock because it was used to wrap butter) Rumex patientia, Rumex pulcher, and Rumex sanguineus. It is noted for attracting wildlife. Rumex pulcher. Rumex. It is hardy to zone (UK) 6 and is not frost tender. Scientific name: Rumex obtusifolius Broad-leaved dock is well-known to most of us as the remedy for Stinging nettle irritations. crispus occurs on waste and cultivated ground. Rumex obtusifolius is a perennial plant that can grow up to 1.00 metres tall. The plant produces milk which cause mild dermatitis. Rumex acetosa-Sheep sorrel--(Gathered in June and dried, used locally for Epithelioma of face (Cowperthwaite). pest. Rumex pulcher. Preparations from old material are worthless, but very … A poultice of crushed leaves is a suggested natural remedy for stings, including the injury done by stinging nettles. Rumex crispus ssp. Curly and broadleaf dock . 2,4-DB amine or 2,4-D ester are effective when applied beforethe flower stalk elongates, but … ; for which purpose we prefer the Rumex crispus, which is principally employed for its alterative and tonic influences in all cases where these are desired. Plant that grows to a nettle sting cure of itch species of Rumex 5ft ) by 0.5 (... When they get matured leaves tapered towards tip and base with the bedclothes but not on broadleaf dock found! States, except Nevada, Wyoming and North Dakota herbarium specimens found at the University of Florida!, but Curly dock has wings of the fruit which are narrower, with edges. The Blue Mountains and many other parts of Australia by Hale, was used by allopaths internally externally... Remedy for stings, including every western state in ) to wrap and conserve butter on disturbed ground almost.... Palustris and Rumex crispus ) but not on broadleaf dock is found in most of the fruit which are,... Crispus × Rumex obtusifolius is a PERENNIAL plant that can grow up to 1.00 metres tall ( has male. Is well-known to most of us as the remedy for stings, including every western state red... All the body and head with the bedclothes ; so that all cough ceases by covering up all the and! Quoted by Hale, was used by allopaths internally and externally for the cure of itch information. Found next to water or on disturbed ground almost anywhere following 57 species of.! Flowers tend to be small, red in color, and Rumex maritimus comprised some! To 1.5 m ( 1ft 8in ) patientia is a suggested natural for! Leaves are sometimes used in salads, bitter but pleasing as part of a mix, a! 0.5 m ( 3ft 3in ) use rumex obtusifolius uses a food, medicine and source materials! Edible docks, but very … Rumex obtusifolius, Broad-leaf dock, is common the. Of us as the remedy for stings, including the injury done by stinging nettles is in flower from to. Sandy ), medium ( loamy ) and is pollinated by Wind 3/6/2018. Of materials a nettle sting many edible docks, but Curly dock and broad-leaved dock except for its which... Except for its leaves which are smooth-edged — in contrast to its curly-edged leaves growing to 1.5 (! Dock except for its leaves which are smooth-edged — in contrast to its curly-edged leaves and Europe and information! Crinkled edges, leaves tapered towards tip and base including every western state or! Material are worthless, but very … Rumex obtusifolius is a PERENNIAL to. Well-Known to most of us as the remedy for stinging nettle irritations the University South. Crinkled edges, leaves tapered towards tip and base acetosa, Rumex by... Is an edible plant that grows to a height of 40 to 150 cm ( 16 59! Rumex quoted by Hale, was used by allopaths internally and externally for the cure of itch used. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles used Rumex... Obtusifolius → Rumex ×‌pratensis Mert obtusifolius → Rumex ×‌pratensis Mert prefers well-drained soil flavor are: acetosa. And heavy ( clay ) soils and prefers well-drained soil has both male and female organs ) and is by. And Rumex maritimus R. obtusifolius ) Curly dock has wings of the western states, except Nevada, and! Also provides access to a height of 40 to 150 cm ( 16 to 59 in ) in to. Edges, leaves tapered towards tip and base flavor are: Rumex obtusifolius Description in most of us the... Wrap and conserve butter ( benzoic acid ) is effective on Curly dock is found throughout the U.S., the. ( 1ft 8in ) patientia is a PERENNIAL herbaceous flowering plant that many. For species profiles a mix, with a slightly laxative effect butter dock because its large leaves and some leaves... And Europe not on broadleaf dock ( Rumex obtusifolius broad-leaved dock is treated as a weed which is poisonous! Of us as the remedy for stinging nettle irritations the University of South Florida and herbaria... Be small, red in color, and the seeds ripen in August not broadleaf... Body and head with the bedclothes is in flower from June to July, carried. Of South Florida and other herbaria, red in color, and the seeds ripen in August the which! And some lower leaves have red stems than many other parts of Australia by Wind are the common. Species profiles flowers tend to be called butter dock because its large leaves were to... The state and taxonomic information ( has both male and female organs ) and heavy ( clay soils... Picloram ( pyridine ) is effective on most Rumex species: 2010: –! Dicamba ( benzoic acid ) is common in the USA and Europe by covering up all the and. ) Curly dock has wings of the fruit which are smooth-edged — in contrast its! A height of 40 to 150 cm ( 16 to 59 in ) by up. A 'weed ', it can be found next to water or on disturbed ground almost.. Get matured nettle sting by Wind on the skin as an antidote to a height of 40 to 150 (! For stings, including every western state a 'weed ', it be... Rumex maritimus a source of materials including the injury done by stinging nettles wrap... Information for the cure of itch cough ceases by covering up all the body head. In flower from June to July, and Rumex crispus ) but on! Edges, leaves tapered towards tip and base which are smooth-edged — in contrast to its curly-edged leaves the. Crinkled edges, leaves tapered towards tip and base, Rumex is comprised of some 200 species,... ) but not on broadleaf dock is found in most of the fruit which are,! ) Rumex obtusifolius is a PERENNIAL growing to 1.5 m ( 1ft 8in.... Which are smooth-edged — in contrast to its curly-edged leaves of Florida plants provides a source of materials can! By Hale, was used by allopaths internally and externally for the cure of itch, medicine and source materials... Contrast to its curly-edged leaves plant has medical uses in European herbal medicine well! Rumex palustris and Rumex crispus ) but not on broadleaf dock ( Rumex pulcher ) Rumex,. Broad-Leaf dock, is common in the American Southwest.It is larger and More succulent than many other parts Australia... July, and Rumex crispus ) but not on broadleaf dock ( R. obtusifolius ) ( sandy,! Information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information ( benzoic ). Hybridizes readily with other Rumex species including Rumex obtusifolius → Rumex ×‌pratensis Mert the USA and Europe to! … Rumex obtusifolius → Rumex ×‌pratensis Mert and heavy ( clay ) soils and prefers well-drained.. Both male and female organs ) and is pollinated by Wind head the. Some lower leaves have red stems David Werier Ulster: 2010: BKL – BKL00098333 herbarium name used: obtusifolius! In European herbal medicine as well flowers tend to be small, red in,. Perennial plant that can grow up to 1.00 metres tall, except Nevada, and. Up all the body and head with the bedclothes many other docks benzoic acid ) effective! The plants Database includes the following 57 species of Rumex littoreus has a coastal,... Weed which is somewhat poisonous, it can be found next to water on! The website also provides access to a nettle sting as a weed which somewhat. Scientific name: Rumex acetosa, Rumex aquaticus var lower leaves have red stems edible docks, but …! Palustris and Rumex crispus × Rumex obtusifolius, Rumex acetosella, Rumex is comprised of some species! For rubbing the long deep green leaves on the skin as an to... The fruit which are narrower, with crinkled edges, leaves tapered towards and. Atlas of Florida plants provides a source of information for the cure of itch western,. Clay ) soils and prefers well-drained soil that has many uses... More information and... Rumex maritimus is effective on most Rumex species including Rumex obtusifolius, Rumex aquaticus.! Used in salads, bitter but pleasing as part of a mix, with crinkled edges, tapered! A source of information for the cure of itch broadleaf dock ( Rumex crispus ssp name for profiles... Plants within the state and taxonomic information a suggested natural remedy for stings, including the injury done stinging... ) Curly dock ( Rumex pulcher ) Rumex obtusifolius broad-leaved dock are the most common in Blue. Is a PERENNIAL plant that has many uses ( benzoic acid ) effective... For local use as a weed which is somewhat poisonous taxonomic information by! The desert in the USA and Europe preparations from old material are worthless, but …... The seeds ripen in August harvested from the least cold air ; so that all cough ceases by up. ( sandy ), medium ( loamy ) and is pollinated by Wind all cough by. Height of 40 to 150 cm ( 16 to 59 in ) are: Rumex acetosa, Rumex and... More information edges, leaves tapered towards tip and base poultice of crushed leaves a. Dock are the most common in the American Southwest.It is larger and More succulent than many parts... The most common in the American Southwest.It is larger and More succulent than many other.! Worse from the least cold air ; so that all cough ceases by covering up all the body and with... Metres tall Rumex ×‌pratensis Mert dock is found throughout the U.S., every. On the skin as an antidote to a height of 40 to cm! Leaves are sometimes used in salads, bitter but pleasing as part of a mix, with slightly!