What many people do not know is that a hedgehog has a small tail. Call the BHPS for further advice on 01584 890801 and a copy of the leaflet ‘Autumn Juveniles’. By curling into a tight ball and tucking in their heads, tail and legs, they protect vulnerable parts of their body. The hedgehog’s back and sides are covered in 25 mm (1”) long spines (which are really modified hairs). Their poor sight is likely as a result of their night- time adaptation. Once eating, a suitable diet can consist of hedgehog food, meaty cat or dog food, cat biscuits, CHOPPED UNSALTED peanuts or sunflower hearts (not seeds)   Fresh water should ALWAYS be available. Babies stay in the nest until they”re about three weeks old. European hedgehog. These are an attractive nest as well as a home for the invertebrates (slugs, beetles) that hedgehogs like to eat. Whereas for the smaller species, they are able to like anywhere from 2 – 5 years in average which is … Keep pea netting 22-30cm (9-12”) off the ground so hedgehogs can pass safely underneath them and plants will grow up to the netting. A small ramp or slope in one corner of the pit enables the trapped animals to walk out – see BHPS leaflet ‘Ramps’. Scientific name: Erinaceus Legs can also be caught in the gaps between logs in rolls of log edging. Here are some facts about hedgehogs. What to do if you've found a sick or injured hedgehog It can grow to be around six to nine inches long. By that time, their eyes are open, their spines are effective and they can safely follow their mother outside the nest as she looks for food. Cat and dog treatments are far too strong to use on hedgehogs. In Britain it is found almost everywhere except some of the Scottish Islands, but tends to be scarce or absent from wet areas and pine forests. Hedgehogs are in trouble in the UK as reports come in that fewer hedgehogs are seen every year. Sometimes there is another one. Did you know? […], 23 university campuses are now more hedgehog friendly! The spikes last about a year each, fall out, and then a new one grows in its place. At the risk of disappointing some people, it is worth mentioning the fact that hedgehogs tend to ‘do the rounds’ and visit several gardens within an area. Shakespeare mentions hedgehogs in ‘The Tempest’ and ‘Midsummer Night’s Dream’ and he refers to ‘hedgepigs’ and ‘urchins’. Hedgehogs are the only British mammal with spikes. A wild hedgehog lifespan can last up to 4 – 7 years for the larger ones, some with the abundance of food and good climates, they are able to live up to a good 16 years. BTO is one of several organisations that has been collecting information on hedgehogs through its volunteer-based The hedgehogs then lick their spines, spreading the saliva with the plant”s poison all over the spikes. It sometimes licks its spines, smearing them with its foamy saliva. How to help a sick or injured hedgehog in Cumbria. Hedgehogs eat insects, worms, snails, mice and frogs. They are found throughout Europe. Hedgehogs can swim and climb. These cute critters depend on their spines for defense, both while they sleep and when they face enemies. It will never sleep or hibernate outside a nest. Release in late April when food is more plentiful or when the wild hedgehogs are seen coming out of hibernation. However hedgehog carers prefer to get autumn juveniles in care to an optimum weight of 600gms (1lb 6oz) or more. These cute critters depend on their spines for defense, both while they sleep and when they face enemies. The hedgehog’s sly and crafty nature is also seen in a Mongolian folktale known as The Clever Little Hedgehog .This tale involves three friends – a wolf, a fox, and a hedgehog, who compete for the right to eat a plum that fell off from a sack of a passing caravan. This photo was taken at night using … Use other garden pesticides sparingly;- or better still not at all, you never know what else they might kill or make sick. The BHPS has a leaflet, Caring for Hoglets, available from the address below or on our website www.britishhedgehogs.org.uk. 15 hedgehog facts for kids. Out of these, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. Keep the pond level topped up so that hedgehogs can reach the wire. a pre-selected message and a cool badge. Work by the BTO has underpinned a new report on ‘ The state of Britain’s hedgehogs 2011 The state of Britain’s hedgehogs 2011 (PDF, 513.00 KB) ’ just published by The People’s Trust for Endangered Species (PTES) and British Hedgehog Preservation Society (BHPS). If in doubt keep your dog on a lead when it goes out into the garden when its dark. Dead slugs must be removed daily. […], Do robotic lawn mowers harm hedgehogs? youngsters found alone and under this critical weight after the end of September will need extra help, even if just additional feeding in the garden. Amazing Facts About the Hedgehog (European) The hedgehog got its name because of its peculiar foraging habits. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. A more recent estimate in 1995, of 1,550,000 in Great Britain (England 1,100,000, Scotland 310,000, Wales 140,000), is more reliable. When replacing or installing walls or fencing try to provide a hole so hedgehogs can continue to pass from your garden into your neighbours garden without difficulty. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. Hedgehogs are famous for their prickly spines, which they have everywhere except on their face, legs and bellies. 1. These are absent from the face, chest, belly, throat and legs which are covered with a coarse, grey-brown fur. There are 15 different species of hedgehog, found across Europe, Asia and Africa. Another excellent hedgehog book is by Hugh Warwick and is called: My Life With Hedgehogs*. Always ensure that a dish of water is available especially during the summer months or in extreme weather conditions. Garden ponds / Swimming pools – can be death traps to small mammals. Top on the hedgehog”s menu are insects, followed by small mice, snails, lizards, frogs, eggs and even snakes. When they are born (there can be up to seven in a litter) their spines are soft and short. Hedgehog Facts for Kids Hedgehogs can live up to 6 years in the wild. They are nocturnal. Blood-sucking ticks are often found on hedgehogs and after taking their fill of blood, will drop off the host in order to complete their life cycle. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. We look after, restore and campaign for habitats where wildlife can find a safe home. It’s time for the lowdown on one of our planet’s cutest critters! Always try alternative methods – see BHPS leaflet on ‘Creating a Wildlife Garden’. Lifespan (in wild): Around seven years Hedgehogs tend to hibernate between November and mid-March and may choose the stack of leaves or branches in your garden. Everyone is sure to know what a hedgehog looks like. 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