I would think the chow (pellets) would sort of be a "treat". Oat hay loses its nutritional content and palatability in about 60 days. Bought some triticale hay two years ago, and the goats loved it (as did the flies, they seemed to flock to those bales). I've only fed Oat Hay to Cows.I would think you would be better with a Legume Hay.I couldn't find any around here,found some Grass hay with lots of weeds in it Goats love it just fine. In nature, goats would have a hard time finding a mix of oats, corn, soybeans and sweet molasses. . The human spirit needs places where nature has not been rearranged by the hand of man. Even though I have written about feeding alfalfa pellets to goats, I still get a lot of questions about exactly how pellets are different than cubes or hay and how they should be used as part of a goat’s diet, as well as other livestock.. Can alfalfa pellets or cubes totally replace hay? He sells it for 3 dollars a bale,He says he waits till the milk is high and then cuts it.What benifits would the hay have? I would kill for their big bales of oat hay. Hay is another important source of goat nutrition, especially in winter seasons. We've always fed Sudan hay, goats will nearly always choose it over coastal. Although your goats may not find it as tasty as other grasses. The goats only picked through it and left most of it to become litter. Mostly for cattle, but when I got goats I started giving them some too. The leaf-to-stem ratio is the most important criteria. Very coarse hay or forage is not readily digestible by goats, so they prefer not to eat them. Additional vitamin A reduces the toxic effects of nitrates in poultry. Senile Texas Aggie - comic relief for the rest of you, Pasture, Hay, & Forages: Information & Management. They also massage the esophagus, oxygenate the blood, strengthen tendons and ligaments, and they are high in silica and fiber. Alfalfa is the gold standard. . This hay is richer and more nutrient-dense that supports the high energy needed for milk production. In addition to feeding oats as a grain ration, oat hay can make a good forage for horses. thanks for any info. We have used oat hay for years. That year, we lost two bucks and a ram to urinary calculi--I'm sure due to the high protein content of that hay. Timothy grass is a good alternative of alfalfa. In addition to hay and pasture, productive animals like pregnant or milking does and stud bucks require a healthy dose of concentrates. I can also buy oat hay in my area for about $60.00 a ton. The goats have gotten a taste of the oats and now pretty much pick the oats out of the goat chow and leave the pellets. Buy hay “with your nose”, it should smell like a summer meadow, sweet and pleasant. Do NOT ever feed wet or moldy hay or grain to goats. But, in the same respect, dogs were never really meant to eat kibble. When I can’t find enough good quality green hay, I supplement my goats, sheep, and pigs with hay pellets. Barley straw is generally considered to be the best as goats will be happy to eat it as well (although nutritional value of straw is low, it is good roughage). Yes, they will eat the oat hay just fine, however it will also be the most expensive bedding as they tend to waste quite a bit of it. It is a very nice sort of hay, and is quite a bit like Alfalfa hay except it is more nutritionally balanced and it is grass hay- not legume hay. Hay is the main source of nutrients for animals such as goats, especially in non-grazing seasons. If not, you're only out a bale or two. Grass hay, such as timothy, orchard, brome, and bluegrass, is a suitable maintenance hay for goats. Hay is the main source of nutrients for animals such as goats, especially in non-grazing seasons. Ask the farmer if he had a nitrate test done, or ask if he can do one or you can pay for it to be done. The leafy fiber strands are longer than the ones produced by a grass hay. If it was me, I would look for alfalfa hay. Even with pellets at $190 a ton versus alfalfa hay at $85, one look at the amount we waste makes me think it will work out. So if you are not already giving your horse oats, consider it because it is a wholesome grain that comes with many benefits for your horse. Hay is used as animal fodder, meaning feed for large livestock animals. We do use the straw for bedding though. Oaten chaff is the chaffed stubble or hay portion of an oat crop. Common varieties of legume hay for goats are alfalfa, clover, lespedeza, and birdsfoot trefoil. One popular type of hay that you can purchase for your goat is alfalfa hay because it has more protein, minerals, and vitamins than grass hay. We raise the bulls on triticale. Goats on pasture should not need hay. The farmer down the road knows I have dairy goats,(his son has 2 wethers) and stoped my husband the other day and wanted to give him a bale to try on the goats. I use oat straw for bedding and my goats usually eat half of it--they love it. If hay feeding is warranted, forage availability is limiting, stocking rate is too high and a reduction in the number of goats is probably in order. . Whole oats help break down the sharp points on horses teeth. Hay is the main source of nutrients for goats in non-grazing seasons, or all the time if they dont have access to browse. In this region, oats are dry-farmed for use as a cattle and horse feed. You can also feed your goats weedy hay because it is very cheap and contain a large amount of necessary nutrition. But, in the same respect, dogs were never really meant to eat ... and so is an extremely important part of a goat s diet. Roughage is any feed ingredient with a high level of fiber that breaks down slowly. But you can feed your goats timothy if alfalfa is not available. Wet grain must be thrown out, but wet bales of hay can be broken and aired out until thoroughly dry, then used as goat feed . Usually a pygmy goat will require about ¼ cup of grain daily. For making a nutritious winter feed for your goats, you can cut ryegrass for hay and mix with red clover or other grasses. Grass hay is a good source of food because it includes a moderate amount of proteins. I would make sure they eat their hay, and then give them a scoop of pellets. Sprouted or hydroponic you need to pay attention to condition closely. I would feed my goats seprately if one is more aggressive then another and you feel one isnt getting enough, especially if they have nothing to eat while roaming during the day. I guess there must be lots of different types of oat hay then. This year we have triticale up and growing it supposedly doesn't have fly problems that early wheat can get. . Feed your goats mold free qualified grasses based hay. Some of it the goats refused to eat, so it ended up being an extreme waste. I love being married.Its so great to find that one person you want to annoy for the rest of your life. Has any one ever used oat hay for goats? The leaf-to-stem ratio is the most important criteria. If they eat it, great! . The fermentation process also adds more nutrients, minerals, and energy to their food. Be prepared for hay waste -- goats like to eat some parts of the hay and let the rest drop out of their mouths. Depending on how big your goats I would sort of measure it by that. Goats will ingest approximately 120% more energy from an alfalfa hay that they would from an oat style of hay. The size of the feeder is suitable for small pens or birthing goat stalls, being enough for 1-2 goats. Oats and peas can be planted as a nurse crop for alfalfa or other hay seedings, or grown alone. Don’t scrimp on goat feed — it will pay dividends in good health, milk production, and lower veterinary bills. Outdoor Hub, LLC (d/b/a Carbon Media Group), 3290 W. Big Beaver Rd. Rhodes grass (Chloris gayana) makes good roughage for goats. If goats are fed coarse hay, they may eat the leaves but not the stems. Do NOT ever feed wet or moldy hay or grain to goats. Small grain hays (wheat, oats) can be good if harvested before the plant begins to make a seedhead. If near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) is used, ensure that the laboratory has calibrated its equipment for your specific feed; otherwise, the analysis will not provid… If you are wondering what to feed baby goats, for the first month or two the little ones will mostly rely on milk and water. A few months ago I wrote about the differences between baled hay, hay cubes, and hay pellets. . Grass hay provides a moderate amount of protein and energy for the goat diet. If hay feeding is warranted, forage availability is limiting, stocking rate is too high and a reduction in the number of goats is probably in order. One exception would be the justifiable feeding of hay to goats on snow or ice-covered pastures. A few months ago I wrote about the differences between baled hay, hay cubes, and hay pellets. I also feed alfalfa which gives them protein for milk production, and absorbable calcium to balance the phosphorus excess in the oats. JavaScript is disabled. Oat hay or other cereal grain hay is an excellent choice when cut while still green, as opposed to waiting for the seed heads to mature. Specializing in articles for the New Goat Owner with understanding of goat physiology, goat anatomy,goat care and herd management. While oats do provide additional energy to the diet, there are actually some downfalls to a standard oats and alfalfa hay diet. Oat grass. Grass hay is a good source of food because it includes a moderate amount of proteins. Our goats also pick at the hay but we feel it is better to pay more for the alfalfa or pellets than buy oat hay they don't eat. Even the buck won't eat bermuda or oat hay unless it has lots of oats left in it. Ask the farmer if he had a nitrate test done, or ask if he can do one or you can pay for it to be done. Usually the best forage hay is locally grown and is not overly irrigated so it does not develop large stems. We do use the straw for bedding though. ADF is a laboratory analysis that measures the cellulose and lignin levels in plants, and lignin is not digestible, so an acid detergent fiber measure that is low - below 35% - is preferable for goats. I have fed oats hay before and always had a tremendous amount of waste. They should be fed rolled or ground for maximum utilization. . Like oat hay, forage hay is cut at the optimal time to ensure a highly palatable feed for horses, cattle, goats and sheep. Oat Hay Sudan Hay Calcium (%) 0.42 0.81 Phosphorus (%) 0.18 0.33 Potassium (%) 1.95 2.82 ... My goats have coastal in their pastures, but they won't eat coastal hay. For fulfilling necessary minerals and vitamins demand, you can feed your goats corn, oats, sweet feed and goat ration. Safe utilization of nitrate requires general good nutrition and proper rumen function in cattle, sheep and goats. Standlee Forage makes hay pellets with alfalfa, timothy, and oat grass. She snickers at the hay we have available here, teasing that they have better bedding than we have hay! The Best Hay for Meat Goats. Alfalfa is the gold standard. or should i just keep looking for alfalfa, she also feeds them the show lamb grain mix, so will it be to much oat? Oats are a palatable feedstuff and may be safely included at high levels in the grain ration. Small grain hays (wheat, oats) can be good if harvested before the plant begins to make a seedhead. Even the buck won't eat bermuda or oat hay unless it has lots of oats left in it. Alfalfa/orchard mix hay which costs plenty but, only get at milking. Next in value is wheat and oat straw. Second cut is also good to give to any goats that are bred. You can fulfill the carbohydrate needs of your goats by feeding them whole and rolled grains. It is important to know the best hay for your specific animals in order to ensure their … grain is good for goats but only 1/2 cup to cup a day I think I was told, and none for males as well as alfalfa as is gives male goats stones they cannot pass and will die (anything high in calcium). This varies depending on the maturity of the hay or alfalfa and the way that its cured and stored. As a result, there are times when the cost of oats is not competitive with other cereal grains. My daughter is raising more sheep for 4h next year but i need to get some hay now being so late in the year i am having a hard time finding it but found someone with oat hay, we've only ever fed alfalfa, so will they eat oat hay? Timothy. Mom feeds oathay, it's beautiful to her La-ti-da national show Arabians, she is in San Diego. It should be a shade of green (not golden and bleached) and have a variety of herbage in it. Mature goats do very well on a grass-legume mix and some grass hays, but generally do not eat coarse grass hay; having small mouths, goats do not like it. Goats require additional hay, which is roughage, for their rumen to function properly. Oat Hay Sudan Hay Calcium (%) 0.42 0.81 Phosphorus (%) 0.18 0.33 ... My goats have coastal in their pastures, but they won't eat coastal hay. Thank you. 1 male and 1 female nubian and I believe the female is bred. Feeding adequate quality feeds to your goats is very important. 6  It's what they mostly eat in the winter when they don't have access to the range. While oats are considered a safe grain source that provides additional energy in the horse’s diet, other factors need to be considered when trying to meet all the nutrient requirements according to stage of life and level of activity of the horse. If they get messed up, they can die very easily. If I can find it next year, I might just feed it myself. Usually the best forage hay is locally grown and is not overly irrigated so it does not develop large stems. Again encouraging nutrients to support the energy needed by a bred goat. It should be available ad lib at all times of the year. Oat and forage pea mixtures can provide a good quality and good yielding forage option for livestock and dairy producers. Oat grass. The best roughage has long coarse fibers such as cottonseed, soybean and oat hulls, any type of hay and fresh forage. just before it heads out (I think this is the same thing as when the milk is high?) Oat hay is a type of grass hay, and really it is just grain oats+the stems that they were on before they were removed. If you are asking about sheep, goats, and cattle, the answer is no. Rumen micro-organisms require readily available carbohydrate, ammonia and minerals. Suggestion – Feed a balances ration. You must log in or register to reply here. Wet grain must be thrown out, but wet bales of hay can be broken and aired out until thoroughly dry, then used as goat feed . The fermentation process also adds more nutrients, minerals, and energy to their food. In this region, oats are dry-farmed for use as a cattle and horse feed. . So, why feed hay to goats? Grass hay provides a moderate amount of protein and energy for the goat diet. Legume hays, such as clover and alfalfa, usually have more protein, vitamins, and minerals, particularly calcium, than grass hays. You can also feed it to your animal if you live in an area where you cannot let it free to browse for food by itself. Resist putting the wasted hay back up into the basket, that is an invitation for worms, and goats do not usually eat hay that has been on the ground. My chickens love it, my rabbits love it . You can buy all sorts of hay feeders etc to put your feed in. Cheryl K. Smith has raised a small herd of dairy goats under the herd name Mystic Acres since 1998. For a better experience, please enable JavaScript in your browser before proceeding. Our goats also pick at the hay but we feel it is better to pay more for the alfalfa or pellets than buy oat hay they don't eat. If a good range isn't available, dry grass hay of a horse quality is acceptable. Oats and peas can be planted as a nurse crop for alfalfa or other hay … In addition to hay and pasture, productive animals like pregnant or milking does and stud bucks require a healthy dose of concentrates. Orchard – This style of hay is lower in protein than alfalfa hay but boasts a higher percentage of fiber. Like oat hay, forage hay is cut at the optimal time to ensure a highly palatable feed for horses, cattle, goats and sheep. … Previous « Feeding Goats Vicki. Suite 500, Troy, Michigan 48084 USA. A regular diet of pygmy goats must include protein enriched foods such as grains, fresh greens and oats. She published Ruminations: The Nigerian Dwarf and Mini Dairy Goat magazine and Goat Health Care. Goats raised for meat need high quality feed in most situations and require an optimum balance of many different nutrients to achieve maximum profit potential. In cattle saw uric acid poisoning and was able to steer small ranchers/farmers into using more hay. As previously mentioned, hay is not a supplement. Goat-Link - Goat Information and Goat Care. . Chaffing results in a fibrous flake approximately 2cm in width. Orchard – This style of hay is lower in protein than alfalfa hay but boasts a higher percentage of fiber. Oats are a cereal grain typically grown in the northern United States. Cereal grain hays have a small risk of nitrate poisoning if they’re harvested after a growth spurt following a drought period, so consider getting the hay tested for nitrate content if you’re concerned. For our dairy goats, we prefer to feed second cut hay. I don't know if you mean oat 'hay' with the oat seeds still in it? I use crimped oats, steamed flaked barley, BOSS, alfalfa pellets --sometimes I throw in a couple handfuls of beet pulp pellets & they get a cattle mineral free choice. The Chaffhaye will ferment while in the bag. Baleage can be fed like hay, but needs to be used within about five days after unwrapping the bale (three to four days in warm weather and six to seven days in winter) in order to prevent spoilage. This will include cattle, horses, goats, llamas, alpacas, and sheep. It is also used for smaller animals such as rabbits. Hay is another important source of goat nutrition, especially in winter seasons. Wheat or oat straw (after the grain is harvested) makes very poor quality hay for small ruminants, and the awns can injure the animal’s mouth. The stems become courser and more fibrous, so the values are highest when the plant is young. However, in this area, we harvest hay in July through September and it has to last us until next July. Some people also recommend good quality alfalfa mix hay and m… Yes, all my goats get are whole, dry oats and some fat source (I've been feeding rice bran for a while, used to feed BOSS). It adds good bacteria to the hay which makes it easier for the goats to digest. The goat hay feeder’s dimensions are 11 x 11 x 11 inches, and it’s specially designed for sheep and goats, storing a really good amount of hay. Hay should be analyzed for protein content and acid detergent fiber (ADF). Hay is usually a grass or legume like timothy or alfalfa, isn't it? Oat hay is high in fiber and the oats are already included in the feeding. ... and so is an extremely important part of a goat s diet. we buy enough seed to plant and then harvest so we can plant it where we need it. Because of their unique physiology, meat goats do not fatten like cattle or sheep, and rates of weight gain are smaller, ranging from 0.1 to 0.8 pounds per day. Many of the alternative feeds vary widely in nutrient content, making an analysis or some assessment of the feed value necessary. Alfalfa/orchard mix hay which costs plenty but, only get at milking. Oaten chaff is widely used in horse and stud cattle rations and on occasion feedlot rations, although it usually becomes cost prohibitive to include in feedlot rations. Although your goats may not find it as tasty as other grasses. Good hay is the most important part of any goats diet. The risk of prussic acid/cyanide toxicity may be decreased by feeding commercially-prepared sack goat feed before animals are turned out to graze. We've always fed Sudan hay, goats will nearly always choose it over coastal. I do feed something similar in hay all winter but, I buy some very special for the milkers all summer. Legumes can have as much as twice the protein and three times the calcium of grass hays, so they are the preferred hay for goat kids and lactating does. Standlee Forage makes hay pellets with alfalfa, timothy, and oat grass. You can also buy a goat feeder trough for the goats. JavaScript is disabled. Feed your goats mold free qualified grasses based hay. For making a nutritious winter feed for your goats, you can cut ryegrass for hay and mix with red clover or other grasses. I also feed the alfalfa to our rabbits so will the oats be ok for them to eat also? The risk of prussic acid/cyanide toxicity may be decreased by feeding commercially-prepared sack goat feed before animals are turned out to graze. One exception would be the justifiable feeding of hay to goats on snow or ice-covered pastures. then it makes very high quality hay. This means that there is a minimum herd size for feeding baleage, approximately 25-30 ewes or 40-50 does for a typical 4-by-4 foot bale. Producers must know the energy, protein and major mineral levels of these feeds to develop balanced, least-cost diets for livestock. As you probably already know, the biggest danger in keeping goats is their digestive systems. … For goats, a combination of oats and alfalfa is a very balanced diet. Timothy grass is a good alternative of alfalfa. You can also feed it to your animal if you live in an area where you cannot let it free to browse for food by itself. Not only is it a waste of hay, but also a waste of … Oat hay is high in fiber and the oats are already included in the feeding. Goats will ingest approximately 120% more energy from an alfalfa hay that they would from an oat style of hay. Feeding hay and alfalfa. Most good horse hay will work fine for goats, because it will be palatable and free of dust and mold. Goats on pasture should not need hay. I am planning to go to free choice pellets for the whole herd. I do feed something similar in hay all winter but, I buy some very special for the milkers all summer. As you probably already know, the biggest danger in keeping goats is their digestive systems. Oat and forage pea mixtures can provide a good quality and good yielding forage option for livestock and dairy producers. In nature, goats would have a hard time finding a mix of oats, corn, soybeans and sweet molasses. The leafy fiber strands are longer than the ones produced by a grass hay. If the nitrate levels are ok, I'd buy a bale or two and see if they eat it. With alternative feeds, we recommend wet chemistry analysis to determine nutrient content. I use crimped oats, steamed flaked barley, BOSS, alfalfa pellets --sometimes I throw in a couple handfuls of beet pulp pellets & they get a cattle mineral free choice. If the nitrate levels are ok, I'd buy a bale or two and see if they eat it. Ask the farmer if he had a nitrate test done, or ask if he can do one or you can pay for it to be done. Very coarse hay or forage is not readily digestible by goats, so they prefer not to eat them. I think I will try the oat hay,I just didnt want to cause any problems.I know what you mean about the oat straw my goats eat the bedding when we put in the barn.This is before it reaches straw stage,I buy my hay from a cattle man that says this field is his junk field.The goats love it, so they cut this field for me every year in square bales.The oat hay is only amile away,my usual is 30 miles away. My question is if it's ok for them to just have the whole oats as their feed and if so how much is enough for them. Timothy. For a better experience, please enable JavaScript in your browser before proceeding. My milk goats and other livestock self regulated pretty well with access to good quality oat hay. i dont want to but it if they wont eat it, or get bloat. Wheat or oat straw (after the grain is harvested) makes very poor quality hay for small ruminants, and the awns can injure the animal’s mouth. Oat Hay Our Oat Hay is cut at exactly the right time, when the oat seed is out of the milk stage and into the dough. Oat grass is a common forage in the Western United States. Even though I have written about feeding alfalfa pellets to goats, I still get a lot of questions about exactly how pellets are different than cubes or hay and how they should be used as part of a goat’s diet, as well as other livestock.. Can alfalfa pellets or cubes totally replace hay? Works pretty well. She writes a blog (ruminationsongoats.blogspot.com) and is an expert on goats at allexperts.com. Hay is the main source of nutrients for goats apart from their range. Again, avoid dusty or damp straw - it will not do you or your goats any good! Where we are at oats can winter kill on you so that is a not good. Oat grass is a common forage in the Western United States. It adds good bacteria to the hay which makes it easier for the goats to digest. Oat hay is a pretty good forage, but it can be high in nitrates, especially in drought years. But you can feed your goats timothy if alfalfa is not available. You can also feed your goats weedy hay because it is very cheap and contain a large amount of necessary nutrition. Yes, oats can be used as a feed for beef cattle. There are various types of hays are available. Oat hay is a pretty good forage, but it can be high in nitrates, especially in drought years. Oat hay is a pretty good forage, but it can be high in nitrates, especially in drought years. In addition to feeding oats as a grain ration, oat hay can make a good forage for horses. Several times I bought what was promised to be "good hay, your goats will love it", only to open the bales and find it not so good. When I can’t find enough good quality green hay, I supplement my goats, sheep, and pigs with hay pellets. Just be careful feeding the oat hay to any wethers or bucks you have. Oats are used in human food applications and are marketed to horse owners as well. If feeding non-afalfa or non-legume hay, other supplementation will be neccessary. Legume hay typically has the highest digestible energy, as the leaves do not change as the plant grows. Hay is the main source of nutrients for goats in non-grazing seasons, or all the time if they don’t have access to browse. There are various types of hays are available. Jan in Co. A forum community dedicated to living sustainably and self sufficiently. Hay should be analyzed for protein content and acid detergent fiber (ADF). Come join the discussion about livestock, farming, gardening, DIY projects, hobbies, recipes, styles, reviews, accessories, classifieds, and more! If the nitrate levels are ok, I'd buy a bale or two and see if they eat it. Give to any wethers or bucks you have buy enough seed to plant then... 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