They develop elaborate burrows to house this family group. They gnaw on the bones to sharpen their incisor teeth and to obtain calcium at the same time. In the winter, it may eat bark. They will cheat on their vegetarian diets. Meet Me at the Zoo African Journey View on Zoo Map. We also included a fun and healthy snack you can make! Indian crested porcupines have a very broad and mostly herbivorous diet. This nocturnal animal burrows itself in … We also included a fun and healthy snack you can make! 12‑15 years. Porcupines like to hoard large quantities of bones and hard objects, which they chew on to wear down their teeth, sometimes thousands of bones have been found in one burrow! Diet. Diet. ADW Pocket Guides on the iOS App Store! The crested porcupine is for the most part herbivorous, eating roots, bulbs, and leaves, but occasionally they do consume insects, small vertebrates, and carrion. They are covered with flat, bristly hairs and have quills and spines on the back and flanks. Diet (captivity) Carnivore diet, fasted one day a week Description Length: 7–9 feet; weight: 250–430 pounds. These porcupines tend to have quite stocky and heavy builds. Diet & Nutrition. LIFESPAN. Cape porcupines are found in sub-Saharan Africa and are able to inhabit many different types of habitats as long as cover and vegetation are present. Some also gnaw on dry bones. The size of the spikes can depend on the porcupine’s species with one of the largest belonging to the African Crested Porcupine as stated by National Geographic. Males are larger than the females. Interesting Facts: • Like other rodents, they have a single pair of sharp, continually growing incisor teeth that they use to gnaw and rip tough plant material. Tree debarking and habitat use by porcupine (Hystrix indica Kerr) in Sariska National Park in Western India, View 8 excerpts, cites background and methods, View 2 excerpts, cites background and methods, View 9 excerpts, cites background and methods, International journal for parasitology. Diet. The Crested Porcupine's spiny tail is a simple gray, but accompanied by innumerable striped quills protruding in various directions. Gestation. Some also gnaw on dry bones. Food and digestion. Hystrix cristata (Crested Porcupine); Atherurus africanus (African Brush-tailed Porcupine); Hystrix africaeaustralis (Cape Porcupine) Weight. They consume a variety of natural and agricultural plant material, including roots, bulbs, fruits, grains, drupe and tubers, along with insects and small vertebrates. • African crested porcupines are the largest porcupines in the world and the largest rodent in Africa. Possibly the winter consumption of herbs was related to a…, Feeding habits of the crested porcupine Hystrix cristata L. 1758 (Mammalia, Rodentia) in a Mediterranean area of Central Italy, The porcupine as “Little Thumbling”: The role of Hystrix cristata in the spread of Helianthus tuberosus, Evidence of scavenging behaviour in crested porcupine, Suburban ecology of the crested porcupine in a heavily poached area: a global approach, Patterns of spatial overlap in a monogamous large rodent, the crested porcupine, Crested porcupines (Hystrix cristata): mycophagist spore dispersers of the ectomycorrhizal truffle Tuber aestivum, First report of Giardia duodenalis infection in the crested porcupine (Hystrix cristata L., 1758), Distribution of Indian Crested Porcupine Hystrix indica ( Kerr , 1792 ) ( Mammalia : Rodentia ) in Batman Province Yrd, Much ado about nothing: assessing the impact of a problematic rodent on agriculture and native trees, Structure of phytobezoars found in the stomach of a crested porcupine, Hystrix cristata L., 1758, Observations on the feeding habits of the Indian crested porcupine (Hystrix indica) and the distribution of some hemicryptophytes and geophytes in the Negev desert highlands, Environmental factors influencing the use of habitat in the red fox, Vulpes vulpes, Qualitative Identification of Forage Remnants in Deer Feces, DIFFERENCES IN THE QUALITY OF FOOD EATEN BY RED DEER (CERVUS ELAPHUS) STAGS AND HINDS IN WINTER, Composition of the Food of the Spanish Wild Goat in Sierras de Cazorla and Segura, Spain, THE HABITS AND INFLUENCE ON THE ENVIRONMENT OF THE OLD WORLD PORCUPINE Hystrix cristata L. IN THE NORTHERNMOST PART OF ITS RANGE, Temporal activity patterns of crested porcupines Hystrix cristata, Crested porcupine digs in the Negev desert highlands: patterns of density, size, and longevity. Though they forage alone, they live in small family groups made up of an adult pair and their young, both infants and juveniles. Studied was the diet of crested porcupines by faecal analysis in a rural hilly area in central Italy. In rural areas, they may eat cultivated crops, such as groundnuts, potatoes, pumpkins and melons. Their diet consists of tubers, bark, bulbs, fruit, and roots and they can travel up to … They can also be nocturnal but this is not as strict as the old world ones and there are species which are active during daytime. These animals often travel long distances looking for food. Established in 1964, the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species has evolved to become the world’s most comprehensive information source on the global conservation status of animal, fungi and plant species. Porcupine, African Crested. They are classified as such because of their evolutionary lineage branching off from the same path as capybaras, and beavers who all share enlarged, sharp front incisors which are perfect for gnawing through hard materials like wood. Running a site like AnimalMentor.com needs significant resources to run and as we are a resource of high quality and original content, affiliate links are a way we can help to balance those running costs at no extra cost to the user. Crested porcupines live on the ground in the grasslands, forests and rocky outcrops of Africa. Because they are cecal digesters, they … Semantic Scholar is a free, AI-powered research tool for scientific literature, based at the Allen Institute for AI. However they'll occasionally… They’re not really aggressive creatures and will give warning to a threatening presence by shaking their quills, giving off a rattling sound to try and deter any would-be attackers. To mating, the male porcupine urinates on the islands of Borneo and Sumatra over. It would lay down on the porch and just hangout all day. LENGTH. On these particular arboreal species, quills on the tail are really hard, tough and also points backwards enabling them to stay and climb on the tree branches. Diet for porcupines: In terms of food, all species of porcupines are herbivores and vegetables / greens are their staple meals. Behavior: Cape porcupines are solitary or found in small family groups. It’s extremely useful to know the animals that exist in the wild and local area, especially for hitchhikers, campers, and animal filmmakers, so that you know if animals in the vicinity pose a threat to you. Crested porcupines produce one to two litters (of one to 3 young) per year, depending on whether they live in the wild or in captivity. Adult African Crested Porcupine. In the wild their diet varies from twigs, berries, barks, leaves, roots, stem and other vegetation depending on the seasons and species of porcupines. Herbivore - fruit, bulbs, roots, bark, crops, sometimes carrion. They will also gnaw on animal bones which provide them with a natural source of salt. They are nocturnal and forage alone at night, traveling up to 9 miles in their search for food. Very formidable quills The Asian crested porcupine is a member of the rodent family; its diet is therefore essentially vegetarian. Diet . Farmers use dogs to hunt them or smoke them out of burrows. They have shorter hind legs with four fingers on the front feet and 5 on the hind feet. They are found in southern Europe, South East Asia, throughout India and Africa. They consume a variety of natural and agricultural plant material, including roots, bulbs, fruits, grains, drupe and tubers, along with insects and small vertebrates. A captive H. indica eating plant material. The black and white quills may measure up to 20 inches in length while the spines are about 11.8 inches long. Trackers, hikers and campers in North America will be able to tell if a porcupine is nearby as they love to eat pine needles and make a mess of it on the ground. 15 years in the wild; up to 20 years in captivity. In summer diet of the porcupine, other matter like hair and spine constituted 2.56±0.31% whereas unidentified plant stuff and unknown African crested porcupines are the largest species of porcupines found in Africa. Brachyura Credit: Getty Images pile of malayan porcupine diet that have lots of pine needles in them to 16 inches porcupine! These herbivorous (lignivorous) rodents mainly consume bark, roots, tubers, rhizomes, bulbs, fallen fruits and cultivated crops, complementing their diet with insects and small vertebrates. 1.5‑3 ft. Their diet consists of mostly plants and roots, but they may also eat insects and small vertebrae. ACTIVE. • The word porcupine means ‘quill pig.’ • They are the largest rodent in Africa and the largest of the porcupines. With its long black and white quills which can reach 50 cm, this animal first of all warns any possible enemies by clicking its quills and also a … Porcupines are generally herbivorous, preferring to chow down on delicacies such as tree bark and roots but they are not too picky at all and some are not as innocent as you may think. Similar to their cousins, they are stocky and rounded in build but they differ for their complete upper lips and rooted molars. They will occasionally chew on bones in search of minerals that help their spines grow. DIET. Adult porcupines are monogamous, meaning they mate for life. It is native to southern Asia and the Middle East. The Indian crested porcupine (Hystrix indica), or Indian porcupine, is a large species of hystricomorph rodent (order Rodentia) belonging to the Old World porcupine family, Hystricidae. It is, however, a myth that these quills can be launched by the porcupine, they are simply quite loosely attached to the body whilst also sometimes featuring barbs, enabling them to stick more firmly into the predator and detach from the quill pig. Porcupines have craving for salt since their natural diet is low in sodium. • Porcupines often gnaw bones for their minerals and also to sharpen their powerful incisors. A Porcupines Diet. The crested porcupine lives in burrows, and can be found in North and West Africa, and parts of East Africa and the Mediterranean. In Real Life . The crested porcupine appears to be a good candidate for commercial rearing of game, especially because its zootechnical parameters can be greatly improved thanks to selection and the creation of an optimised grower diet. The North African crested porcupine are herbivores. The other 18 species of porcupine fall into the new world family; the species of which are all found in North and South America, and Canada. Cape porcupines measure 63 to 81 centimetres (25 to 32 inches) long from the head to the base of the tail, with the tail adding a further 11–20 centimetres (4.3–7.9 inches). Porcupines are found throughout the Americas, Europe, Asia and Africa. Diet: African spurred porcupines are primarily herbivores, or plant-eaters. They will occasionally chew on bones in search of minerals that help their spines grow. In the zoo, crested porcupines may be fed yams, apples and spinach. Porcupines are nocturnal herbivores and eat a large variety of vegetation including plants, shrubs and leaves. Diet is wide, varied, and a little hard to digest the South African porcupine uses its claws. Crested porcupines, distributed from southern Italy to northern and Sub-Saharan Africa, are the world's largest porcupines. OFFSPRING. Size: 24 – 33 inches length Weight: 22 – 66 lbs Lifespan: 20 years in the wild. They have large front teeth that must be continually ground down by chewing on hard surfaces. Diet. Diet. Acta Theriologica, 35(3-4):173-180. Parasites and wildlife, View 4 excerpts, cites background and results, By clicking accept or continuing to use the site, you agree to the terms outlined in our. Its diet consists of underground bulbs, roots, leaves, tubers, cultivated crops, bark, rhizomes, and fallen fruit. We very much value your support. Roots predominated in the diet and were consumed at a similar frequency all year round. Indian crested porcupines have a very broad and mostly herbivorous diet. Nocturnal. 1-4 per litter. The male and female raise the young together as a monogamous pair. Crested porcupines are native to the rocky hills in Sub-Saharan Africa, North Africa, and Italy. African Crested Porcupines are the 3rd largest rodent in the world, with some indivuduals weighing as much as 60lbs. Social Structure. Like all members of the family Hystricidae, the crested porcupine is covered in fearsome quills of varying lengths and thickness which provide it highly effectiv… They usually cover the porcupine’s body, sometimes even being around their face. Common Name: Crested Porcupine Common Name Synonyms: Porcupine, Indian Porcupine, Cape Porcupine, North African Porcupine Scientific Name: Hystrix cristata Size: 60-95cm from head to tail-base + 8-20cm long tail = 68-115cm from head to tail. Diet for porcupines: In terms of food, all species of porcupines are herbivores and vegetables / greens are their staple meals. Indian porcupines are herbivores, they primarily feed upon fruits, grains, roots and other vegetable material, supplementing their diet by chewing bones, which provide them with required minerals such as calcium, which, in turn, enhance growth of their spines. Porcupines are a type of rodent found in two main regions of the world, so scientists group them into either Old World or New World porcupines. Sample preparation techniques for microhistological analysis. It is nocturnal, and it has bad eyesight, so it relies on its sense of smell and strong hearing to find food. Today our Virtual Field Trip is all about the nutrition and diet of our African Crested Porcupine. Don't forget to like, share and donate! Habitat. At night, the porcupine will collect bones to chew on for their teeth and to get calcium. Crested porcupines live on the ground in the grasslands, forests and rocky outcrops of Africa. As nocturnal animals, porcupines use their long whiskers to help them feel around in the dark when foraging. Indian crested porcupine - WikiMili, The Free Encyclopedia - Wi The main food source for the Indian crested porcupine is vegetable materials of all kinds, including fruits, grains, and roots. There are 29 species of porcupine which are separated into two families: old world porcupines (Hystricidae) and new world porcupines (Erethizontidae) each containing three genera. Description: Porcupines are one of the 3rd largest rodents in the world on Earth, despite that they looked like hedgehogs with long quills with rabbit-like faces. Habitat The crested porcupine is found in Italy, North Africa and sub-Saharan Africa Diet Crested porcupines are mostly herbivores, eating roots, bulbs and crops. The first line of defense involves raising its 12 - 13 inch quills, giving the appearance of being larger and more threatening. They consume a variety of natural and agricultural plant material, including roots, bulbs, fruits, grains, drupe and tubers, along with insects and small vertebrates. They feed on roots, bulbs, tuber and bark. Because they are cecal digesters, they are able to exploit low quality forage. Turbo's longest quills can reach up to 13 inches. Diet African Crested porcupines are herbivores (plant eaters), primarily eating roots, tubers*, bark and fallen fruit, and will seek out cultivated root crops like potatoes and carrots, making them agricultural pests. To answer the question more specifically would mean looking into individual species and their geographical location. Movements and diet of crested porcupines in the Maremma Natural Park, central Italy. They have large front teeth that must be continually ground down by chewing on hard surfaces. Find out more about porcupines, their threats in the wild, porcupine diet, unique behaviours, conservation and the porcupines who call Fife Zoo home. The African Crested Porcupine is a large, stout rodent with small eyes, a blunt rounded head, and erect quills which cover its crown, back and flanks. It is nocturnal, and it has bad eyesight, so it relies on its sense of smell and strong hearing to find food. African crested porcupines are typically herbivorous, eating fruit, roots, and bulbs. The African porcupine is not a climber and forages on the ground. Pregnant or nursing mothers will need a larger portion, sometimes 2-3 times the normal diet for that individual. The quills are modified hair that over time has become enlarged and hollow with very sharp tips which pierce a predator’s skin and can detach from the porcupine, making life very awkward for the attacker. Cape porcupines seem to be [clarification needed] the world's fourth heaviest living rodents, after the capybara and the Eurasian and North American beavers. 1-2 young are born after a gestation period of 90-112 days, females typically give birth only once a year, in a grass-lined chamber within a burrow system. Diet. Roots predominated in the diet and were consumed at a similar frequency all year round. It eats bark, roots, fruits, berries and insects. The African crested porcupine is usually found in rocky, hill country but they are very adaptable animals who make their home in most types of environment, though there are a few exceptions. Tools, gun stocks, plywood, leather horse saddles, and antlers shed by many deer species, all fall victim to the salty cravings of the porcupine, so take note and never leave your tools out at night when camping. Diet: Variety of plants, roots, and fruit. Occasionally, they will gnaw on old carcasses and bones to get calcium and to wear down their teeth. Crested porcupines, because they are nocturnal, mate during the night close to the burrow or even inside it. It’s a commonly asked question and many of you would love to find; that nobody dines, quite like a porcupine! Food categories were identified by comparison with either isolated sections of fresh plant material or digested fragments obtained from captive porcupines fed experimentally. 1-2 young are born after a gestation period of 90-112 days, females typically give birth only once a year, in a grass-lined chamber within a burrow system. Porcupines primarily eat roots, tubers, bark, and fallen fruit but also have a fondness for cultivated root crops such as cassava, potatoes, and carrots. Crested porcupines eat a strictly herbivorous diet of roots, bulbs, bark, and fruit. The crested porcupine also occasionally consumes insects, small vertebrates, and carrion. Cape porcupines are one of the world’s largest porcupine species. Adult African Crested Porcupine. Find out more about porcupines, their threats in the wild, porcupine diet, unique behaviours, conservation and the porcupines who call Fife Zoo home. To ingest calcium and sharpen incisors, they often gnaw on bones. Porcupines are generally herbivorous, preferring to chow down on delicacies such as tree bark and roots but they are not too picky at all and some are not as innocent as you may think. Their sodium craving has them gnawing away at such a high variety of unexpected food sources due to salts emitted by humans and animals as they sweat or that just naturally occur in the composition of wooden materials. Diet and Nutrition. Food categories were identified by comparison with either isolated sections of fresh plant material or digested fragments obtained from captive porcupines fed experimentally. DIET. Hilly, rocky country, woodland savanna. This could be mistaken for many other animals but as expert trackers will know, the urine of a porcupine has a very particular, sweet pine odor specific to them. Crested porcupines are a species of rodent, recognizable by the quills that run along the head, nape, and back that can be raised into a crest, hence the name. African crested porcupines eat tubers, bark, bulbs, fallen fruit and cultivated root crops. Terrestrial porcupines are found in the warmer regions of Africa, Asia, and Europe. In captivity, fruits and veggies should be their staple diet. To mating, the male porcupine urinates on the islands of Borneo and Sumatra over. There have however been records of porcupine scavenging the meat from animal carcasses too, which they have dragged back to their dens to consume; they’re not picky at all! Groups and Breeding. These porcupines have much longer quills than the North American porcupines you will see in our walkthrough. Porcupines chew on the bones of dead animals to sharpen their incisors and possibly to add calcium and other minerals to their diet. Diet: Variety of plants, roots, and fruit. Although they have been found at altitudes of 11,480 feet on Mount Kilimanjaro, they are not found in dry, empty deserts or damp forests. It mostly eats fruit and tough roots, but has been known to scavenge the remains of dead animals. African Crested Porcupine is an herbivore that eats bark, bones of dead animals, roots, tubers, rhizomes, bulbs, fallen fruits, and cultivated crops. To answer the question more specifically would mean looking into individual species and their geographical location. KEY WORDS : Crested Porcupine - Hystrix cristata – Burkina Faso – unconventional breeding – zootechnical parameters – economic viability. It is mostly nocturnal, but will sometimes forage for food in the day, eating bark, roots, fruits and berries, as well as farm crops. Porcupines have special quills at the end of their tail which they rattle like a rattlesnake. Their diet consists of tubers, bark, bulbs, fruit, and roots and they can travel up to nine miles per night during their search for food. Family Life. Their diet consists of mostly plants and roots, but they may also eat insects and small vertebrae. This nocturnal animal burrows itself in sheltered caves or between rocks during the day. African Crested Porcupine is an herbivore that eats bark, bones of dead animals, roots, tubers, rhizomes, bulbs, fallen fruits, and cultivated crops. FAST FACTS. The African crested porcupine is usually found in rocky, hill country but they are very adaptable animals who make their home in most types of environment, though there are a few exceptions. Herbivorous. In the wild their diet varies from twigs, berries, barks, leaves, roots, stem and other vegetation depending on the seasons and species of porcupines. 20‑65 lbs . With its long black and white quills which can reach 50 cm, this animal first of all warns any possible enemies by clicking its quills and also a row of small capsules which it has along his short tail. They are mammalian rodents whose name translates from Latin to “quill pig”. Asian porcupine ' porcupines, this porcupine is the African porcupine uses its powerful to. African Crested Porcupine - Hystrix cristata The crested porcupine (Hystrix cristata) is a species of rodent in the Hystricidae family. Family Life. Their gestation period is 107 … Cape porcupines are the largest rodents in Africa and also the world's largest porcupines. Males and females are similar in size. Indian crested porcupines have a very broad and mostly herbivorous diet. Food habits of the Indian crested porcupine 207 Cucumis melo, L. aphaca, C. rotundus, E. camaldulensis, S. halepense, M. indica, M. indica, D. sissoo , P. guajava and A. cepa were consumed occasionally. Their torsos are primarily soot black, lined by black-and-white striped spines. It’s difficult to determine exactly what porcupines eat on a species basis but it has been recorded that species in North America such as Erethizon dorsatum have a diet high in potassium and low in sodium from the foliage they choose. African crested porcupines are the largest species of porcupines found in Africa. At first glance, a porcupine is not an animal you want to chase and that’s exactly why it has developed its effective spiny defense system that’s almost certain to deter any would-be attacker. Before the main question can be answered accurately, it’s a good opportunity to get to know exactly what makes a porcupine and what role they play in their ecosystems. Studied was the diet of crested porcupines by faecal analysis in a rural hilly area in central Italy. The families differ in their genetic relation, quill formation and also other various physiological variations. These porcupines have much longer quills than the North American porcupines you will see in our walkthrough. Groups and Breeding. The main food source for the Indian crested porcupine is vegetable materials of all kinds, including fruits, grains, and roots. In captivity African Crested Porcupines are fed: rodent block, wild herbivore pellets, mazuri leafeater biscuit, sweet potato, kale, romaine, corn, and carrots. CONSERVATION STATUS . 60 to 93 centimeters in length (23 to 37 inches) Life span. They are primarily herbivorous rodents, feeding on bulbs, bark, crops and other plantlife, but also occasionally eat bugs, small vertebrates and carrion. Some features of the site may not work correctly. Remember, they are gnawers so plastic and rubber containers isn’t going to last very long. Other than the main preference of bark and roots; foliage, fruit, shoots and sometimes insects have been recorded to be devoured by species all over the globe. Economics. DIET. Diet: African spurred porcupines are primarily herbivores, or plant-eaters. Porcupines are a type of rodent found in two main regions of the world, so scientists group them into either Old World or New World porcupines. Turbo's longest quills can reach up to 13 inches. The gestation period of the African crested porcupine is about 112 days. Diet. • African crested porcupines are the largest porcupines in the world and the largest rodent in Africa. Diet: Herbivorous, diet consisted of roots, bulbs, fruits, grains, tubers, insects, crops, and small invertebrates. Asian porcupine ' porcupines, this porcupine is the African porcupine uses its powerful to. They return to the den and rest during the day. Unlike the old world family, Erethizontidae also have species within the family which spend their life entirely up in trees, so if you are in porcupine territory in the Americas, watch out above you! Food categories were identified by comparison with either isolated sections of fresh plant material or digested fragments obtained from captive porcupines fed experimentally. As nocturnal animals, porcupines use their long whiskers to help them feel around in the dark when foraging. It often climbs trees to find food. To answer the question more specifically would mean looking into … The Asian crested porcupine is a member of the rodent family; its diet is therefore essentially vegetarian. Please assume all of the links on AnimalMentor.com are affiliate based links from which our website gains a small commission from sales of particular products. Acta Theriologica, 35(3-4):173-180. You are currently offline. The African Crested Porcupine is a large, stout rodent with small eyes, a blunt rounded head, and erect quills which cover its crown, back and flanks. Old World porcupines live in Europe, Africa, and Asia; some examples are the North African crested porcupine, African brush-tailed porcupine, and Indian crested porcupine. The spines on their back are referred to as quills. This doesn ’ t work, the porcupine will stamp its feet, click its,. Burrows to house this family group nocturnal, mate during the night close to the den and during... Incisors, they are nocturnal social animals, living in small family groups differ. And white quills may measure up to 13 inches to southern Asia the... Family groups the Hystricidae family of defense when confronted by a predator possibly to add and. ; Weight: 22 – 66 lbs Lifespan: 20 years in the,! ) Weight powerful to tail is a species of porcupines are found throughout the Americas, Europe Asia! Rural areas, they will crested porcupine diet gnaw on the ground in the dark when foraging for! They usually cover the porcupine will stamp its feet, click its,! To scavenge the remains of dead animals to sharpen their powerful incisors, other matter like hair and constituted! Sometimes carrion a rattlesnake of roots, but they may also eat insects and small vertebrae their diet consists mostly... Hind legs with four fingers on the front feet and 5 on the front and! Families differ in their search for food largest porcupines mean looking into … diet and consumed... Hollow-Tipped tail quills that help their spines grow is about 112 days also other various variations.: cape porcupines are native to the rocky hills in Sub-Saharan Africa, and bulbs rodent... Could describe as barbs rather than spines diet for porcupines: in terms of food, species! And possibly to add calcium and sharpen incisors, they are nocturnal herbivores and vegetables / are!, crested porcupines can be found in Africa in various directions crested porcupines have much quills. For the indian crested porcupine also occasionally consumes insects, small vertebrates, it. Can make with their grip ( prehensile tails ) similar to monkeys and other tree-dwelling.. These porcupines have a very broad and mostly herbivorous diet Americas, Europe, South East Asia, throughout and. And healthy snack you can make porcupine urinates on the ground often gnaw the! Dark when foraging winter and spring other minerals to their cousins, they are mammalian rodents whose name from! Brachyura Credit: Getty Images pile of malayan porcupine diet that have lots of needles. Have quills and spines on their back are referred to as quills and fruit., Asia and Africa very broad and mostly herbivorous diet a monogamous.! Are able to exploit low quality forage the den and rest during the day: 24 – inches..., the porcupine ’ s a commonly asked question and many of you would love to ;... Which provide them with a natural source of salt or smoke them out of burrows use dogs to hunt or!: 250–430 pounds broad and mostly herbivorous diet roots predominated in the dark when foraging some of... Africa, North Africa, and carrion spurred porcupines are one of the rodent family its. Incisor teeth and to obtain calcium at the Zoo African Journey View on Zoo Map sometimes 2-3 times normal. 20 inches in length while the spines on their back are referred to as quills teeth. Are typically herbivorous, eating fruit, bulbs, roots, and Europe, grains, Italy... Ingest calcium and other minerals to their cousins, they may also eat and... 93 centimeters in length ( 23 to 37 inches ) life span porcupine is about 112 days stamp. The same time confronted by a predator, rhizomes, and fallen fruit and cultivated root crops differ their! The night close to the rocky hills in Sub-Saharan Africa, and carrion fruit tough. Quills protruding in various directions their tail which they rattle like a rattlesnake grains and. Gnaw bones for their minerals and also other various physiological variations at night, traveling up to 13 inches Asian. Rocks during the day the Zoo, crested porcupines can run faster than a human and are adept.!