They often take cover in aardvark holes or caves. Cape porcupines are one of the world’s largest porcupine species. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T10748A22232321.en. Cassola, F. 2016. Its proportions are not as attractive as its animal itself. The porcupine species found within the Kruger National Park and within Southern Africa is known as the Cape Porcupine, the largest porcupine species on Earth. Cape porcupines are found across the whole of southern and central Africa, to southern Kenya, Uganda, and Congo at the northern edge of their range. On each foot is five toes each with a claw. They collect bones which they gnaw on. Hystrix africaeaustralis (errata version published in 2017). Hystrix africaeaustralis (errata version published in 2017). The Cape porcupine (Hystrix africaeaustralis) or South African porcupine, is a species of Old World porcupine native to central and southern Africa. When a Cape porcupine feels threatened, it will stomp its feet, click its teeth, growl and vibrate its quills before it pokes its predator. "Reproductive biology of the male Cape porcupine, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cape_porcupine&oldid=967452516, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from June 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 13 July 2020, at 09:53. There are no currently recognised subspecies. Cape porcupines achieve sexual maturity at 2 years old in females and between 8 and 18 months for males. However, the spines and quills can embed in an intruder’s flesh if they come into contact. In general, porcupines live in just about any terrain, including deserts, grasslands, mountains, rainforests and forests. The remainder of the animal, including the undersides, is covered with dark hair. [13] After mating, a copulatory plug forms, which is expelled about 48 hours later. [5] However, their debarking of trees may also play a role in the maintenance of local savannah ecosystems, helping to prevent the development of denser forested environments. About Animal Facts. During the day, they will either build their own den or shelter in a cave or crevice. Habitat Adaptable – found in forests, on plantations, in rocky or mountainous areas and in deserts. Dens in tree branches or tangles of roots, rock crevices, brush or logs are the porcupine's home. They are a large species of rodent covered by black, but mostly white spines, used for protection and can … Cape porcupines are found in sub-Saharan Africa and are able to inhabit many different types of habitats as long as cover and vegetation are present. By Steven Lek (Own work) [CC BY-SA 4.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0)], via Wikimedia Commons. If attacked they move sideways and backwards to dig their quills in to the attacker. When born, their quills are soft and sensitive bristles. Contrary to popular belief, a porcupine cannot shoot its spines and quills. They can inhabit a wide range of habitats from tropical forests to deserts. Porcupine Habitat African porcupines prefer rocky outcrops and hills as their habitat, needing shelter in the day. Cape porcupines are found across the whole of southern and central Africa, to southern Kenya, Uganda, and Congo at the northern edge of their range. They have even been found on Mt. Africa is the native home of the cape porcupine. A litter can range from 1 to 4 offspring. Porcupine habitats range from deserts, forests and grasslands. Cape porcupines, also called South African porcupines, are common throughout central and southern Africa. Cape Porcupine facts – The Cape porcupine is believed to grow up to about one meter long and it weighs 20 kilograms. Different species can found in desert habitats, various forests, hillsides, mountains, and rocky cliffs. Facebook. This locks them in the den so they are not able to be dislodged. Diet: African spurred porcupines are primarily herbivores, or … [5], The eyes and ears are relatively small, and the mobile whiskers are short. The quills of the cape porcupine are the longest in the world. North American porcupines also eat fruit, leaves, and springtime buds. For the headland in Canada, see, Mori, E.; Lovari, S. (2014). Habitat: Highly adaptable, living anywhere vegetation is available.They are more likely to be found in open spaces rather than wooded areas, and they seek out rocky crevices, abandoned burrows and caves for shelter. Part of their ability to have a wide range is a tolerance for both hot and cold. [10], Cape porcupines are nocturnal and monogamous, typically living as mated pairs of adults, caring for any young together. Share . To defend themselves they will freeze. Cape Porcupine, Newfoundland and Labrador, "Aspects of the digestion in the Cape porcupine", "Reproduction in captive female Cape porcupines (. Habitat The Cape Porcupine does not demand a particularly defined or specialised habitat. A group may maintain up to 6 burrows which they move between. They are highly adaptable and can survive just about anywhere that vegetation is available. They are an enormous family of creatures, and although the Old World porcupines, and New World porcupines, are all from the same branch of the rodent family, they are actually not closely related. World 's Wildlife to 20m long with a claw porcupines build dens which can be up to 3,500 metres 11,000... A burrow and puff their quills are modified hairs and if they fall they. World 's Wildlife up most of its foraging habits [ 2 ], they are the largest in. Although they typically forage as individuals proportions are not as attractive as its itself. 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