For the metropolitan area, see. Building off of the work of the Control Board, the city's finances have remained stable under Mayor Domenic J. Sarno's (2008–present) despite the Great Recession and several natural and man made disasters: June 1, 2011, tornado Springfield Tornado, Hurricane Irene, a freak October snow storm (which in some ways was more damaging than the tornado),[120] and a large gas explosion in the downtown area in 2012. Most of Springfield's housing stock consists of Victorian "Painted Ladies" (similar to those found in San Francisco); however, Springfield also features Gilded Age mansions, urban condominiums buildings, brick apartment blocks, and more suburban post-World War II architecture (in the Sixteen Acres and Pine Point neighborhoods). [49] Riverfront Plaza was opened in 1999, connecting the riverfront and the downtown area for the first time since the 1960s. Other venues include The Student Prince Cafe, a long-running German restaurant at its downtown location since 1935, featured on Thrillist's 2014 Editor's Choice bars, and a wide array of long-running acclaimed Italian restaurants such as Frigo's (1950), The Red Rose (1963), and Leone's (1988) and pastry shops like La Fiorentina (1947). It opens in mid-April and closes at the end of October. Usually several days during the summer exceed 90 °F (32 °C), constituting a "heat wave". [32], A major fire destroyed the original armory in 1864, but Elizabeth Colt had it rebuilt, including its most dramatic feature: the blue onion dome with gold starts, topped by a gold orb and a rampant colt, the original symbol of Colt Manufacturing Company. [17] Today the city is the largest in western New England, and the urban, economic, and media capital of Massachusetts' section of the Connecticut River Valley, colloquially known as the Pioneer Valley. [51], In July 2017, Hartford considering filing Chapter 9 bankruptcy, but a state bailout later that year kept the city from filing for bankruptcy. Springfield's largest local newspaper is The Republican, with has also previously been known as the Springfield Union-News & Sunday Republican, from when it merged with the Springfield Union. [85] Whites not of Latino background were 15.8% of the population in 2010,[86] down from 63.9% in 1970. Martha Bulloch Roosevelt, mother of president Theodore Roosevelt and paternal grandmother of Eleanor Roosevelt, was born in Hartford on July 8, 1835. 33.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. Springfield was founded in 1636 by English Puritan William Pynchon as "Agawam Plantation" under the administration of the Connecticut Colony. These supporters organized torch-light parades that were both political and social events, often including fireworks and music, in celebration of Lincoln's visit to the city. It featured a notable heavy rock scene, from which the bands Gaiah, Staind, All That Remains, Shadows Fall, and The Acacia Strain rose to national prominence. The state adopted the oak tree as the emblem on the Connecticut state quarter. According to the 2010 Census, there were 61,706 housing units in Springfield, of which 56,752 were occupied. By that time, Colt had become one of the wealthiest men in America. Elected every odd numbered year, eight of its members are elected to represent "wards", which are made of (sometimes incongruous) groupings of Springfield neighborhoods, e.g. Census estimates since the 2010 United States Census have indicated that Hartford is the fourth-largest city in Connecticut, behind the coastal cities of Bridgeport, New Haven, and Stamford. Much of the cargo heading from one of these places to another crosses through the City of Springfield. [16] The settlement was originally called Newtown, but it was changed to Hartford in 1637 in honor of Stone's hometown of Hertford, England. Many of the city's Victorian buildings including former hotels, factories, and other institutions have been converted into apartment buildings and luxury condominiums. [34], With no remaining children, Elizabeth willed her extensive collection of rare art to the Wadsworth Atheneum in Hartford, one of the oldest art galleries in America. As of 2011, Springfield's housing prices are considerably lower than nearby New England cities which do not feature such intricate architecture. In Metro Center, stands the two prominent skyscrapers, Tower Square, and Monarch Place, the latter of which is the tallest building in Massachusetts outside of Boston. [26] The largest railcar works in New England, Wason produced 100 cars a day at its peak; the company was eventually was purchased by Brill in 1907 and closed during the Depression in 1937. [106] Before that time, the Springfield Cubs played in the minor league New England League from 1946 until 1949, after which the league folded; they then played in the International League until 1953. [24][25] The Stowes' sister Isabella Beecher Hooker was a leading member of the women's rights movement. The Big E serves as the New England states' collective state fair. [26], In 1860, Hartford was the site of the first "Wide Awakes", abolitionist supporters of Abraham Lincoln. The city has recovered, however receiving a bond upgrade from Standard and Poor's Investment Services and the GFOA's Distinguished Budget Award for six consecutive years. The Springfield Indians of the American Hockey League (now located in Utica, New York) was the oldest minor league hockey franchise in existence. Notable musicians from Springfield include blues legend Taj Mahal; the band Staind and its frontman Aaron Lewis; Linda Perry, former leader singer of 4 Non Blondes and songwriter and producer; Taj Mahal's sister, Carole Fredericks, a soul singer; numerous jazz musicians, including Joe Morello, drummer for the Dave Brubeck Quartet; Phil Woods, saxophonist for Quincy Jones; Tony MacAlpine, keyboardist and guitarist with Steve Vai; and Paul Weston, composer for Frank Sinatra, among many others. On November 3, 2009, Springfield held its first ward elections in 50 years. [150] It is also the primary airport for Hartford. Monarch Insurance: Founded in Springfield in 1901, filed for bankruptcy in 1991, soon after completing Springfield's tallest skyscraper, Note: Municipalities not listed have a town meeting form of government (see, This page was last edited on 25 January 2021, at 20:27. [139], The Boston Celtics played various home games per year in Hartford from 1975 until 1995, when they opened the new TD Garden. [39] A century earlier, mills had located along the Park River because of the water power, but by the 1850s water power was approaching obsolescence. In general, the team was named the Ponies, but it also carried the nicknames of "Maroons" (1895), "Green Sox" (1917), "Hampdens" (1920–21), "Rifles (1932, 1942–43) and "Nationals" (1939–41). A high level train platform is under construction to improve the experience for rail passengers and is scheduled to be completed before the end of 2019. [202], Hartford has been home to many historically significant people, such as dictionary author Noah Webster (1758–1843), inventor Sam Colt (1814–62), and American financier and industrialist J.P. Morgan (1837–1913). Angelo Puppolo (D-Springfield). Additional units are housed in recently renovated historic buildings on nearby Lewis Street. [52][53][54], According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 18.0 square miles (47 km2), of which 17.3 square miles (45 km2) is land and 0.7 square miles (1.8 km2) (3.67%) is water. Colt is often considered the father of the Connecticut River Valley industrial revolution, although there were a handful of small outfits already in operation by the time that he purchased a large tract of land in the area in the 1840s. [92] The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 3.35. [91] From 2014 to 2018 there were 53,890 housing units, 46,072 households, and 26,233 families within Hartford. Springfield is a city in the state of Massachusetts, United States, and the seat of Hampden County. Winters are cold, with periods of snow, while summers are warm to hot and humid. passed a new neighborhood school program to improve schools and reduce the growing busing costs associated with the current plan. The 1875 Ludlow Reservoir, also known as Springfield Reservoir, is maintained as an emergency water supply; it is located in Ludlow and fed via the Broad Brook Canal. [96] However, when CVS acquired Aetna a few months later, they announced Aetna would remain in Hartford for at least four years. [17] The etymology of Hartford is the ford where harts cross, or "deer crossing. Besides Springfield's historic connection with basketball, the city has a rich sporting history. Dear Twitpic Community - thank you for all the wonderful photos you have taken over the years. The city's governmental bureaucracy consists of 33 departments, which administer a wide array of municipal services, e.g. Mayor Eddie Perez was first elected in 2001 and was re-elected with 76% of the vote in 2003. The Pioneer Valley Transit Authority (PVTA) is based in Springfield and uses Union Station as its Springfield hub, next to the Gothic arch that denotes the entrance to downtown Springfield. Then the U.S. government ordered 1,000 Colt revolvers in 1846, with the Mexican–American War under way. [35] The Connecticut state line is only 4 miles (6 km) south of Springfield, beside the wealthy suburb of Longmeadow, which itself separated from Springfield in 1783.[35]. [43] On July 6, 1944, Hartford was the scene of one of the worst fire disasters in the history of the United States. [155] Maple Avenue heads south-southwest, becoming the Berlin Turnpike in Wethersfield and Newington. [74] In addition to Baystate, Springfield features two other nationally ranked hospitals; Mercy Medical, run by The Sisters of Providence, and Shriners Hospital for Children. Click to get the latest Buzzing content. A non-denominational Christian school, the Pioneer Valley Christian Academy, is located in the suburban Sixteen Acres neighborhood of the city. Poverty in a Land of Plenty: Can Hartford Ever Recover? 21–45 in. Other airports serving the Hartford area include:[164], Connecticut Transit (CTtransit) is owned by the Connecticut Department of Transportation. [24] Springfield would play major roles in machine production, initially driven by the arms industry of the Armory, as well as from private companies such as Smith & Wesson, established by Horace Smith and Daniel B. Wesson. In 1633, Jacob Van Curler formally bought the land around Fort Hoop from the Pequot chief for a small sum. Smaller papers such as The Reminder and the Valley Advocate also serve Greater Springfield. The Hartford Division of CTtransit operates local and commuter bus service within the city and the surrounding area. As of the 2010 Census, the city's population was 153,060. The Knowledge Corridor universities and colleges provide the region with an educated workforce, which yields a yearly GDP of over $100 billion—more than at least 16 U.S. States. By comparison, as of the 2010 Census, New Haven features an owner occupancy rate of 31%; Hartford of 26%; and Bridgeport of 43%. Apathy is too simple a way of explaining why 78 percent of Springfield voters didn't make it to the polls in November", "Council Makes History, President Fenton Promises Busy Year ...—Western Mass Politics & Insight", "In Springfield, a Whitfield of Dreams Comes True Mid-term ...", https://web.archive.org/web/20150412010233/http://os.cqpress.com/citycrime/2010/City_crime_rate_2010-2011_hightolow.pdf, "State awards $4.48 million to school turnaround efforts in Springfield, Worcester", "Court Square Springfield, Mass. The Eastern States Exposition ("The Big E") is located across Springfield's Memorial Bridge in West Springfield. The city purchased the Springfield Aqueduct Company in 1872. In 2011, Springfield Union Station started a $70 million renovation to become an intermodal transportation facility, allowing Peter Pan Bus, Greyhound Bus, and the PVTA to occupy a modern space next to the renovated Union Station. 73.0% of the population were over 18 years old, and 10.9% were over 65 years old; the median age was 32.2 years. "[183], Hartford earned praise from Food and Wine as "a foodie destination". [192] Recently there has been an aquaculture boom in Long Island Sound,[193] and as a result local kelp has started to appear on plates. [271], "Hartford" redirects here. Springfield is home to the Commonwealth of Massachusetts' largest Fortune 100 company, MassMutual Financial Group. Carlos Gonzalez (D-Springfield) Now It's a Turnaround Success Story", "Western Massachusetts communities deal with cleanup costs in wake of October snowstorm", "Registration and Party Enrollment Statistics as of February 1, 2017", "News—Where Were They on Election Day? Hartford is the capital city of the U.S. state of Connecticut.It was the seat of Hartford County until Connecticut disbanded county government in 1960. The white population is in the majority in only two census tracts: the downtown area and the far northwest. Closing during the Johnson administration, today the national park site features the largest collection of historic American firearms in the world. The median age was 30 years. [35], Springfield, like other cities in southern New England, has a hot-summer humid continental climate (Köppen: Dfa) with four distinct seasons and precipitation evenly distributed throughout the year, but the intensity (and sometimes the duration) of warmer periods greater than northern areas. Winters are cold with a daily average in January of around 26 °F (−3 °C). [113] Hartford Public High School, the nation's second-oldest high school, is located in the Asylum Hill neighborhood of Hartford. Forest Park lies in the southwestern corner of the city, surrounded by Springfield's attractive garden districts, Forest Park and Forest Park Heights, which feature over 600 Victorian Painted Lady mansions. [32] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 33.1 square miles (85.7 km2), of which 31.9 square miles (82.5 km2) are land and 1.2 square miles (3.1 km2), or 3.65%, are water. The Quadrangle's five distinct collections include the first American-made planetarium, designed and built (1937) by Frank Korkosz; the Dr Seuss National Memorial Sculpture Garden; the largest collection of Chinese cloisonne outside of China; and the original casting of Augustus Saint Gaudens's most famous sculpture, Puritan. Samuel Colt was inspired by what he had seen during a trip to London in 1851, and he embarked upon one of the boldest real estate development campaigns in Hartford's history. Hartford outsources ambulance services to private companies, including Aetna Ambulance in the South End and American Medical Response in the North End. SWSC provides retail water in Springfield and Ludlow; wholesale water to Agawam, East Longmeadow, and Longmeadow; partial or peak service to Southwick, Westfield, and West Springfield; and emergency service to Chicopee and Wilbraham. Colt's methods were at the forefront of the Industrial Revolution, and his successes secured Hartford's place as a major 19th century manufacturing center. He wanted to contract out his first order, however, so he approached George Fairfield of Weed Sewing Machine Company, who produced Pope's first run of bicycles in 1878. Claiming the lives of 168 persons, mostly children and their mothers and injuring several hundred more. The Falcons were then replaced by the Springfield Thunderbirds in 2016. Springfield's densely urban Metro Center district surrounding Main Street is relatively flat, and follows the north–south trajectory of the Connecticut River; however, as one moves eastward, the city becomes increasingly hilly. There are no major freight yards in Springfield proper, but Connecticut Southern Railroad and CSX serve CSX's West Springfield yard across the Connecticut River. Sage Allen Building – On Main Street, the former Sage Allen department store building has been turned into 44 4-bedroom townhouses as well as an upscale apartment building comprising about 70 units that opened in January 2007. Deaf Organizations Join Forces", "Hartford Symphony Orchestra | Connecticut's Premier Musical Organization", "The Phoenix Building, Hartford | ConnecticutHistory.org", "Real Art Ways Marks 35 Years and Counting", Unitarian Society of Hartford - About our building, "Welcome to UConn School of Law | UConn School of Law", "NATIONAL REGISTER OF HISTORIC PLACES INVENTORY – NOMINATION FORM", "Revamped Hooker Day Parade & Fest Announces Musical Lineup", "CTfastrak.com – (03/28/15) Despite Snow, Thousands of Riders, Many First-Timers, Experience CTfastrak on First Day of Service", "Authority Gets Look at Latest UConn Hartford Campus Renderings", "Conn. seeks funds for rail work on Hartford-to-Springfield line (document)", "Hartford 21 Apartment Living – Look no further for your Hartford apartment rental", "Luxury Hartford CT Apartments | Trumbull on the Park", "New Apartments Available in Downtown Hartford | Developer of American Airlines building looking for tenants", "Noah Webster and the Dream of a Common Language | ConnecticutHistory.org", "Part 3: An Industrial Ecosystem Emerges Around Sam Colt's Guns", "J. P. Morgan's Connecticut Roots | ConnecticutHistory.org", "Welcome to the Mark Twain House & Museum – Biography of Mark Twain", "Welcome to the Harriet Beecher Stowe Center", "For the Poet Wallace Stevens, Hartford Was an Unlikely Muse", "Writing the War: The Story of Lyn Crost B'38", "IMDb: Most Popular People Born In "Hartford/ Connecticut/ USA, "Local Olympians: Athletes, Coaches With Ties To Connecticut", "Sister Cities International of Hartford", Hartford, a city in the town of the same name, cities with populations exceeding 100,000, Capitals of the United States by jurisdiction, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Hartford,_Connecticut&oldid=1006637554, Populated places established by the Dutch West India Company, Connecticut populated places on the Connecticut River, Hispanic and Latino American culture in Connecticut, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox settlement with bad settlement type, Pages using infobox settlement with possible nickname list, Pages using infobox settlement with possible motto list, Pages using infobox settlement with unknown parameters, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2020, Pages using Sister project links with wikidata namespace mismatch, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from Collier's Encyclopedia, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the Encyclopedia Americana with a Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles incorporating citation to the NSRW, Wikipedia articles incorporating citation to the NSRW with an wstitle parameter, Articles incorporating a citation from the 1913 Catholic Encyclopedia with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the New International Encyclopedia, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from EB9, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from The American Cyclopaedia, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from The American Cyclopaedia with a Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Source 1: NOAA (relative humidity, dew point, and sun 1961–1990), Colt Armory – The complex was once the main factory building of, Greater Hartford St. Patrick's Day Parade –, Greater Hartford Puerto Rican Day Parade –, Adriaen's Landing – The state and privately funded project is situated on the banks of the Connecticut River along Columbus Boulevard, and connects to Constitution Plaza. Hartford saw extensive damage from the 1938 New England Hurricane, as well as with Hurricane Irene in 2011. Springfield Technical Community College is the only polytechnic community college in Massachusetts, and was founded to continue Springfield's tradition of technical innovation.[138]. For this reason in the early 20th century it was the largest producer in New England of commercially produced cakes and pastries, and among the largest in bread—with one 1926 estimate of 1.4 million loaves of bread and 14 million breakfast rolls produced in the city on a weekly basis. Fifteen miles north in the college towns of Northampton and Amherst, there is an active independent and alternative rock scene. The building was awarded the Best of Hartford: 2017 for Best Upscale Apartment Building. Poet Wallace Stevens (1879–1955) was an insurance executive in the city, and World War II correspondent Lyn Crost (1915–97) lived there. Springfield has a long history of broadcast television, including two of the oldest UHF television stations on the air today. Springfield has several nicknames—"The City of Firsts", due to the many innovations developed there, such as the first American dictionary, the first American gas-powered automobile, and the first machining lathe for interchangeable parts; "The City of Homes", due to its Victorian residential architecture; and "Hoop City", as basketball—one of the world's most popular sports[18]—was invented in Springfield in 1891 by James Naismith. Temperatures below 0 °F (−18 °C) can occur each year, though the area does not experience the high snowfall amounts and blustery wind averages of nearby cities such as Worcester, Massachusetts and Albany, New York. It was also the first cookbook to include recipes for squash and cornmeal, and it contained the first published recipe for pumpkin pie. Among these was Hartford's pioneer bicycle and automobile maker Pope. 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