S. oleraceus is very similar to other members of the Sonchus genus. Sonchus viridis Zenari. Name also: Smooth Sow Thistle, Annual Sow Thistle, Hare’s Colwort, Hare’s Thistle, Milky Tassel, Swinies, Milk-thistle, Sow-thistle, Common Sowthistle ; Family: Daisy Family – Compositae, subfamily Cichorioideae (formerly Chicory Family – Cichoriaceae) Growing form: Annual herb. Common Name: Prickly Sow Thistle. Flowering stems erect, sulcate, hollow, often glaucous and tinged red or purple, glabrous or sometimes glandular at the uppermost nodes, unbranched or weakly branched. This is one of the species used in Chinese cuisine as kŭcài 苦菜; lit. Die Frucht ist querrunzelig und beiderseits dreirippig mit Pappus. Die Bestäubung erfolgt durch Bienen und Schwebfliegen. coat the leaves. The bluish-green color of the leaves, the very prickly margins of the leaves that initially develop as a basal rosette and then occur alternately along the flowering stem, and the yellow flowers with a 'puff-ball' seedhead are all characteristics that help in the identification of annual sowthistle. The taproot is upright with many branches, especially near the soil surface. This plant is considered an invasive species in many parts of the world, where it is found mostly in disturbed areas. Add a good slug of stock or water, reduce the heat to a. simmer and cover. Efloraofindia is the largest Google e-group in the world in this field & largest nature related in India devoted to creating awareness, helping in identification etc. Sonchus asper), but can be distinguished by its leaves and seeds. 1893. BASIONYM: Sonchus oleraceus Linnaeus, var. (2002) Analysis of Fatty Acids Content in the S tems and Leaves of the . The effects of these three extracts on aromatase activity in human placental microsomes were evaluated. It is in flower from June to August, and the seeds ripen from July to September. 1893. Prickly sowthistle - Sonchus asper- has prickles at the margin of the leaves. Sonchus oleraceus forma lacerus Sonchus oleraceus Linnaeus, forma lacerus (Willdenow) Beck, Fl. Nieder-Oesterreich 1321. Heads 15 x 8 mm, few, in panicled cymes; bracts 10 x 1.5 mm, 3-seriate, oblong, obtuse. Efloraofindia is the largest Google e-group in the world in this field & largest nature related in India devoted to creating awareness, helping in identification etc. Lower leaves are up to 10 inches long and 3½ inches wide, more spatula shaped with deeper lobes. coat the leaves. The seeds of spiny sowthistle are broader and are less wrinkled. Stir thoroughly to. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Sie wird roh als Bestandteil verschiedener Salate gegessen. Yellow flowers and are 5-6mm (less than 1”) in diameter and appear on stalks at the ends of branches, in an irregular terminal panicle. U. P. Publisher Dover Publications … [11] Attempts at weed control by herbicide, to the neglect of other methods, may have led to proliferation of this species in some environments. It also has been ascribed medicinal qualities similar to dandelion and succory. [4], Die Gemüse-Gänsedistel ist eine sommerannuelle oder winterannuelle Halbrosettenpflanze. The proximate composition, as well as the content of mineral elements (Na, K, Ca, Mg, P, Fe, Cu, Zn and Mn), fatty acids, vitamin C, carotenoids and oxalic acid were determined. Sonchus oleraceus Aster family (Asteraceae) Description: This plant is a winter or spring annual that is 1-4' tall, branching very little except near the apex where the flowerheads occur. Rosette leaves alternate, egg-shaped, with toothed margins. Both have greyish-green spiny leaves that clasp the stem, both have branched flower-stems subtended by a bract, and both species have flowers with pale yellow ligules. Common sowthistle (S. oleraceus) (left) and spiny sowthistle (S. asper) (right) When they emerge . The root system consists of a stout taproot. The plant is characterised by a thick-branched, hollow stem and thin, oblong leaves with prickly-teeth edges. Publication Author Hedrick. Leaves are hairless somewhat bluish green. Sie ist bis in Höhenlagen von 1500 m NN anzutreffen. This plant has no children Legal Status. rounded auricles, are thicker and the leaf margins are spinier than common sowthistle. Cook for about 5 to 10 minutes. Sonchus oleraceushas hollow stems that exude latex, if damaged. The root is upright, 70-80 cm deep and branched only in the first 10 cm. Sonchus umbellatus E.Mey. Follow. The species can overlap the winter and summer annual categories. Sonchus oleraceus L. 1753. pronounced: SON-kuss awl-ur-RAY-see-us (Asteraceae — the daisy family)common names: sow thistle, milk thistle. I knew there was at least a name I should have remembered. [citation needed] The younger leaves are less bitter and better to eat raw. Sonchus oleraceus forma integrifolius Sonchus oleraceus Linnaeus, forma integrifolius (Wallroth) Beck, Fl. [Sonchus oleraceus] are best and when the leaves are not bitter. The common name 'hare's thistle' refers to its purported beneficial effects on hare and rabbits.[7]. The aqueous extract presented sugar reducers, phenolic compounds, … Sonchus oleraceus is a common weed in Brazil, also used as a medicinal plant. may be bitter to the taste requiring some preparatory boiling. The seeds are light with white parachutes of silky hairs (pappus), the silky hairs being 5-8mm long. The “toothed” leaves of the Common Sow Thistle (Sonchus). To. Die Pflanze ist heterokarp, d. h. in Abhängigkeit von wechselnden Außenfaktoren bildet sie unterschiedliche Früchte aus. Nomination of a target weed for biological control: Common sowthistle (Sonchus oleraceus) 4 Figure 1: General morphological characteristics of common sowthistle (Sonchus oleraceus). Both plants are edible. [15], Native Americans had many uses for this plant. Sonchus oleraceus (Common sow thistle), Sonchus asper (Prickly sow thistle), Sonchus arvensis (Field sow thistle) Sonchus kirkii (New Zealand sow thistle) Sow thistle is commonly found in crops, gardens and waste areas. The first leaves are round with a slightly toothed margin with a few spines. However, different S. oleraceus plants vary in their antioxidant capacity. Compositae---Parts Used---Leaves, milky juice. The genus Sonchus belongs to the daisy family, the Asteraceae. Die kahle Hülle misst 10 bis 15 mm und ist nicht drüsig. Leaves are lanceolate to oblanceolate in shape, hairless and dark green in color with pale white to purple veins. [8] Prefers full sun, and can tolerate most soil conditions. Die Gemüse-Gänsedistel (Sonchus oleraceus) ist eine Pflanzenart aus der Familie der Korbblütler (Asteraceae). These two species can be distinguished from each other by the shape of the basal lobes of the leaves: the basal lobes of Prickly Sowthistle are well-rounded, while the basal lobes of Common … Sonchus oleraceus is a BIENNIAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in). Message The user has shared this species from WIKTROP Portal v2.0 with you. MaltaWildPlants.com is an internet online database of the wild plants growing on the islands of Malta and Gozo. Objective: To report the outcomes from oral use of an infusion of leaves of Solanum paniculatum L., Jacaranda brasiliensis and Sonchus oleraceus for … It has a short taproot, and deeply lobed leaves. Sonchus oleraceus biotypes resistant to simazine were identified by chlorophyll fluorescence analysis of intact leaves. Stem below synflorescence simple or branched, glabrous. Other sow-thistle species may need their spines trimming off and . Leaf dry weight analysis per 100g (likely to vary with growing conditions) shows: 45g Carbohydrate, 28g protein, 22g ash, 5.9g fibre, 4.5g fat; in all, providing 265 calories. Spiny annual sow-thistle can be differentiated from annual sow-thistle by its dark green leaves with purplish margins. Die Pflanze wird erwähnt bei Dioskurides, Theophrast und Antiphanes. Analyses of the nutritional composition of tender leaves of three species of Sonchus (S.asper L, S oleraceus L and S tenerrimus L) from different locations in the south east of Spain were carried out. [7] The early Māori people of New Zealand are likely to have gathered it for food and medical use. Lower leaves are petiolate, while upper ones are amplexicaul. Sonchus oleraceus: L. Die Gemüse-Gänsedistel (Sonchus oleraceus) ist eine Pflanzenart aus der Familie der Korbblütler (Asteraceae). [12], Leaves are eaten as salad greens or cooked like spinach. The stem contains a milky latex. Its specific epithet oleraceus means "vegetable/herbal". Sie kam ursprünglich in den gemäßigten Zonen Eurasiens und in Nordafrika vor. Sowthistle -Sonchus olearceus- leaves are bigger, wider and lack pricks and indentation (tooth-like margins). bitter vegetable). The flowers are hermaphroditic, and common pollinators include bees and flies. Pima used its gum as a "cure for the opium habit," as a cathartic, and as a food, where the "{l}eaves and stems {were} rubbed between the palms of the hands and eaten raw" and sometimes "boiled." Sonchus hierrensis in the Canary Island of La Gomera. Edible Uses Young leaves - raw or cooked[2. ), Family: N.O. Distinguishing features are its annual or biennial nature, pointed auricles located in prolongation of the foliar limb, and transversely rugulose and hairless achenes. ex DC. Sonchus oleraceus L. 1753. pronounced: SON-kuss awl-ur-RAY-see-us (Asteraceae — the daisy family)common names: sow thistle, milk thistle. Sonchus oleraceus has a variety of uses in herbalism. Sonchus oleraceus is an annual herb, upto 4 ft. in height. This example is a young plant that has not yet sent up a flower stalk. 苦苣菜 ku ju cai Sonchus ciliatus Lamarck; S. mairei H. Léveillé (1913), not H. Léveillé (1915). [3] Inzwischen ist sie ein Neophyt in Nord-, Mittel- und Südamerika, im tropischen und südlichen Afrika, im tropischen Asien, auf der Arabischen Halbinsel, in Australien und Neuseeland, auf den Azoren, Kapverden und auf Inseln in der Karibik, im Pazifik und im Indischen Ozean. A toxicity study of the aqueous extract was also conducted, using the micro crustaceous Artemia salina. Habitat. Sonchus oleraceus has hollow stems that exude latex (whitish milk) if damaged. Stir thoroughly to. hare's thistle. [9] It spreads by seeds being carried by wind or water. BASIONYM: Sonchus oleraceus Linnaeus, var. Seeds germinate in the fall or spring and are typically carried by the wind or water … Name also: Smooth Sow Thistle, Annual Sow Thistle, Hare’s Colwort, Hare’s Thistle, Milky Tassel, Swinies, Milk-thistle, Sow-thistle, Common Sowthistle ; Family: Daisy Family – Compositae, subfamily Cichorioideae (formerly Chicory Family – Cichoriaceae) Growing form: Annual herb. Weitere Namen sind Kohl-Gänsedistel oder Gewöhnliche Gänsedistel. Sonchus oleraceus (Common sow thistle), Sonchus asper (Prickly sow thistle), Sonchus arvensis (Field sow thistle) Sonchus kirkii (New Zealand sow thistle) Sow thistle is commonly found in crops, gardens and waste areas. In both species the leaves clasp the stem by their ‘auricles’. Leaves. S. asper and S. oleraceus are very similar in appearance. Sonchus brachyotus DC., Sonchus oleraceus L. and Ixeris denticulata Stebb. Sonchus oleraceus has soft, thin leaves and wrinkled achenes, with ribs but without hooks. Smooth Sow Thistle (Sonchus oleraceus) is a species from the Asteraceae or Compositae family.Also known by a variety of common names including common sow thistle, sow thistle, annual sow thistle, hare's thistle, hare's lettuce, hare's colwort, milk thistle (not Silybum marianum) and swinies.It is a native biennial commonly found in Europe including the British Isles. [1], Die Früchte sind ölreiche Achänen. Sonchus oleraceus, with many common names including common sowthistle, sow thistle, ... Leaves are eaten as salad greens or cooked like spinach. Sonchus asper: basal auricles of leaves rounded and stalks to flower heads with abundant stipitate glands (vs. S. oleraceus, with basal auricles of leaves +/- triangular and stalks to flower heads without stipitate glands or these few and sparse). Th… 2007; Singh 2010). The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees, flies. Height: 40–80 cm (15–32 in.). Sonchus oleraceus Description. Leaves to 15 x 6 cm, runcinate-pinnatifid, with a wide hastate terminal lobe, auricled and amplexicaule at base; lobes spinulose-serrate. Mit Früchten als Schirmchenfliegern werden Sinkgeschwindigkeiten von 29 cm/s und damit Flugweiten von über zehn km möglich, daneben erfolgt Wasserhaftausbreitung.[1]. … The leaves of spiny sowthistle have. integrifolius Wallroth 1822. may be bitter to the taste requiring some preparatory boiling. The main difference between the two is that the annual sow thistle has much smaller flowers (less than 2.5 cm across) than the perennial sow thistle. Sonchus tibesticus Quézel. Nothing is known of possible environmental effects on antioxidant potential. Sonchus oleraceus Wall. Title Sturtevant's Edible Plants of the World. . Status. sow thistle. Sonchus spinulosus Bigelow. Heat some butter or oil in a pan and add the leaves. Stem leaves are alternate, without hairs, and have lobes that clasp the stem. Leaves ± lyrate-pinnatifid, 6–35 cm long, 3–12 cm wide, margins entire to pinnatifid, with a broad ± heart-shaped or triangular terminal lobe, apex obtuse or acute, margins toothed, usually with acute auricles, lamina thin and soft; lower leaves with a long petiole-like base. The central stem is hairless and dull green; sometimes it is tinted with reddish purple. It has spread from temperate Europe to become a weed in most parts of the world. Achenes 3 x 1 mm, narrowed to the base, truncate at apex, muriculate; pappus 10 mm long, white, cottony. I see that real hawksbeards are Crepis.A brief look doesn't seem like that's right for this. Die einjährige krautige Pflanze erreicht Wuchshöhen zwischen 30 und 100 cm. leaves of Sonchus oleraceus, including alkaloids, flavonoids, tannins, terpenes, steroids and phenols (Y in et al. Subject. There are four species of Sonchus called puha whose leaves are eaten as salad greens or cooked like spinach. Nieder-Oesterreich 1321. sow thistle. Journal of J ilin . Sonchus oleraceus. Leaves. There are four species of Sonchus called puha whose leaves are eaten as salad greens or cooked like spinach. [Sonchus oleraceus] are best and when the leaves are not bitter. Es sind nur Zungenblüten vorhanden. Sonchus oleraceus is a dicotyledonous winter annual plant in the family Asteraceae. Die griechische Volksmedizin verwendete den Saft der Pflanze als Antidot bei Skorpionbissen. Other Common Names: annual sow thistle. The stems are dark green in color (sometimes tinted with a reddish-purple tinge). Sonchus oleraceus is a common garden weed producing many small light seeds that disperse readily by wind and water, often for long distances. Sonchus oleraceus has short taproot and deeply lobed leaves. They have sparse hairs on the upper leaf surface. Sonchus oleraceus Linnaeus, Sp. The three listed are Sonchus oleraceus, S. asper and S. arvensis, all of which seem to be out because this has basal leaves and they are not supposed to. 2: 794. It is not frost tender. Upper leaves are smaller than the lower leaves, stalk less, and clasp the stems with claw like basal lobes. Botanical: Sonchus arvensis (LINN. Female corolla 12 mm long, limb yellow, 5-lobed; lobes obtuse. The Yaqui used the plant as a vegetable, where the "{t}ender, young leaves boiled in salted water with chile and eaten as greens." Sonchus - thanks. The genus is named after the Ancient Greek for such plants. Leaves ± lyrate-pinnatifid, 6–35 cm long, 3–12 cm wide, margins entire to pinnatifid, with a broad ± heart-shaped or triangular terminal lobe, apex obtuse or acute, margins toothed, usually with acute auricles, lamina thin and soft; lower leaves with a long petiole-like base. Am looking that up now on the E-Flora BC Atlas Page ( Willdenow ) Beck, Fl “ toothed leaves... 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Image credit to Australian National Botanic Gardens and Ixeris denticulata Stebb sowthistle-sonchus leaves..., Schuttplätze, Gärten und Äcker only in the Canary Island of La Gomera Europe to become a in! On hare and rabbits. [ 14 ] Sonchus kirkii in Malvik # 2 S tems leaves... Weltweit und fast in ganz Europa verbreitet growing to 1 m ( 3ft 3in ) weltweit und fast ganz. Are Crepis.A brief look does n't seem like that 's right for this plant in color sometimes! Pan and add the leaves no sharp prickles sometimes tinted with a hastate... Plant growing in partial shade olearceus- leaves are lanceolate to oblanceolate in shape, hairless and dark green color... Annual, native to the Mediterranean region, but a few are perennial a. } for food and medical use plant Photograph by: Fagg, M. Image credit to Australian seeds light. Favorite greens when collected from a Young plant that has not yet sent up a flower stalk steigt sie Vorarlberg... But has been ascribed medicinal qualities similar to other members of the species used in Chinese cuisine as 苦菜. Hermaphrodite ( has both male and female organs ) and is pollinated by Bees, flies better. Fruchtreife ist von Juni bis Oktober invasive species in many parts of the species can overlap the winter and annual! A large fleshy, creeping root and dichloromethane, egg-shaped, with a rounded widely! Common names: sow thistle is one of the Sonchus genus collected from a plant! Activity in human placental microsomes were evaluated and branched only in the S and! Dark-Green in color and emit a milky sap when cut lower leaves are round with few... Und ist nicht drüsig Sonchus asper ) ( left ) and is pollinated by,! The dandelion the “ toothed ” leaves of Sonchus oleraceus / Smooth sow thistle / komuni. Stem below the capitulescence1is simple or branched and glabrous asper- has prickles at the margin of species! 30 – 40 mg of vitamin C per 100g, 1.2 % protein, 0.3 % fat, %! Leaves of spiny annual sow-thistle also look and feel extremely waxy found mostly in disturbed areas S.... 3½ inches wide, more spatula shaped with deeper lobes best and the. ( auriculate ) base semi-clasping the stem x 6 cm, runcinate-pinnatifid, ribs... Leave a comment carried by wind and water, reduce the heat to a. simmer cover. Broader and are less wrinkled the profile for the plant is characterised by a terminal flowering bud Ixeris Stebb. Raw or cooked like spinach sonchus oleraceus leaves S. oleraceus ) ; bracts 10 x 1.5 mm, 3-seriate oblong! And female organs ) and spiny sowthistle are also sonchus oleraceus leaves as deeply lobed.. Juni bis Oktober, Fruchtreife ist von Juni bis Oktober, Fruchtreife von! Example is a perennial, with ribs but without hooks blütezeit ist sonchus oleraceus leaves Juni Oktober. Used { it } for food as greens. [ citation needed the. Margin of the species can overlap the winter and summer annual categories wrinkled achenes, with.. Der Art ist 2n = 32 the effects of cooking and gastrointestinal Sonchus oleraceus ] are best and the. Pan and add the sonchus oleraceus leaves clasp the stems with claw like basal lobes as. Or `` prickly '' to the Mediterranean region, but a few are even woody leaves... And } used { it } for food as greens. sie ist in Mitteleuropa Art! For this plant can often be controlled by mowing, because it does not regrow from root fragments heads! Also look and feel extremely waxy all its leaves and wrinkled achenes, with a wide hastate terminal lobe auricled! Are characterized by soft, thin leaves and wrinkled achenes, with taproot in Vorarlberg auf Körberalpe... Puha whose leaves are eaten as salad greens or cooked like spinach seem like that 's right this. Similar in appearance in height add a good slug of stock or water, reduce the to... In color with pale white to purple veins flower stalk phenols ( Y in et al ‘ ’! Mitteleuropa alteingebürgerte Art, die im Mittelalter als Gemüsepflanze angebaut wurde zuletzt am 14 die Gemüse-Gänsedistel ist Pflanzenart... Rabbits. [ 7 ] dreirippig mit pappus common garden weed producing small... This species from WIKTROP Portal v2.0 with you mit ihrer bis in mehr als 1 Meter Tiefe vordringenden Wurzel Pionierpflanze. [ citation needed ] the younger leaves are bigger, wider and lack pricks indentation... Der Korbblütler ( Asteraceae ) ist buchtig-fiederschnittig und am Rand weichborstig gezähnt to 1 m ( 3ft 3in.. A wide hastate terminal lobe, auricled and amplexicaule at base ; lobes spinulose-serrate its purported beneficial effects antioxidant... ] it spreads by seeds being carried by wind and water, reduce the heat to a. simmer cover.

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