It has also spread to Northern Africa and … Bull Paspalum Paspalum boscianum. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Some are valuable forage grasses, and at least one (Paspalum scrobiculatum) is grown as a millet in Asia and parts of Africa. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Kuntze (synonym) Paspalum dilatatum var. An accession of this wild species, BRA 009610, was originally collected near thevillage of Terenos, Mato Grosso do Sul State, Brazil, by Dr. J. Valls in April 1986. Paspalum vaginatum, commonly known as seashore paspalum and by many other names, is a species of perennial grass which can be found in wet, saline habitats. Species Epithet: floridanum. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Paspalum L. – crowngrass. The reduced flowers are borne in small inflorescences known as racemes. Name Hilo grass; Scientific Name: Paspalum Conjugatum: Native: Tropical America, but is now found throughout the tropical regions of the world (i.e. Scientific names are name used by scientists, especially the taxonomic name of an organisms that consist of the genus and species. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. Quarín, Facultad de Ciencias Agrarias at Universidad Nacional del Nordeste, Corrientes, Argentina, as Paspalum lenticulare Kunth. PALE10. Poaceae da Estação Ecológica do Seridó, Rio Grande do Norte, Brasil. Paspalum grasses can be tufted or creeping with rhizomes (underground stems) or stolons. var. Systematics of Paspalum group Notata (Poaceae-Panicoideae-Paniceae). – dallisgrass. Sometimes seeded as a pasture grass in the eastern part of our region. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 92(4): 463–532, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Paspalum&oldid=965687799, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 2 July 2020, at 20:26. Paspalum is a genus of plants in the grass family. Seashore paspalum. Tufted perennial from short, scaly rhizomes. Sea Spray is a warm-season seeded seashore paspalum variety that forms a moderately dense but uniform sward. PAPRC. Notes on genera of Paniceae. Kodo is a popular fast or upvas food in some parts of India. PAPRC2. Dedicated paspalum cultivars such as 'Aloha Seashore' or 'Platinum TE' have been produced for such uses. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Paspalum almum. Paspalum scrobiculatum (koda, varuka, varuku, etc.) Despite its decreasing productivity with age, P. notatum continues to dominate pastures decades after abandonment. Members of the genus utilize a photosynthetic pathway known as C4 carbon fixation, which largely prevents photorespiration and increases drought-tolerance. 1759. Species. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. glabrum. Revisión sistemática del subgénero Harpostachys de Paspalum (Poaceae: Panicoideae: Paniceae). It has short creeping rhizomes and deep thick fibrous roots, down to 1 m deep (Ecoport, 2010; Cook et al., 2005). flavescens Roseng., B.R.Arrill. Seedhead with one to five ascending branches. The leaf blade is angled along the midrib, and is long and narrow, bright green, sparsely long-hairy around where it meets the stem. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 24: 137, Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, Linnaeus, Carl von. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Culms arise from the rhizomes and reach up to 1 m. The leaves are abundant, blade-shaped, 6-25 cm long and 5-15 mm wide. Bermuda Grass in Spanish is known as Grama and Seashore Paspalum in Spanish is known as Paspalum. In coastal habitats, it can spread at 1-2 m per year and become dominant over native vegetation. Systematic Botany Monographs 71: 1–75, Chase, Agnes. Plant Names (Nomenclature) 2009. It is also listed as a priority environmental weed in at least one Natural Resource Management region. Reported to have originated from the Americas, it can be a serious weed of rice in West Africa. Flowers smooth, elliptic to round, single. Hairy-seed Paspalum is a Grass. Plant Type: Grass/Sedge/Rush. Hoehnea 36(4): 679–707, Zuloaga, F. O., J. Pensiero & O. Morrone. nud. Paspalum dilatatum Scientific name; Paspalum Common name; Not Sensitive; Exotic; Minor Weed or Pest; 468.3m to 722m Recorded at altitude; In flower. Plant Family: Poaceae (Grass Family) Native/Alien: NC Native. Bull Paspalum is a perennial grassy weed that is also known as Thin Paspalum, Bull Crowngrass or by its scientific name, Paspalum boscianum. knotgrass; Other Scientific Names. Note: Plants of the three Australian cultivars grown from seed supplied by the Margot Forde Forage Germplasm Centre, New Zealand, have been identified by Dr C.L. Paspalum, large genus of annual and perennial grasses (family Poaceae), distributed throughout warm regions of the world. [13], Ferreira, C. G., R. C. Oliveira, J. F. M. Valls & M. I. Bezerra de Loiola. Some of the popular common names of the plant are Indian paspalum, Creeping paspalum, Ditch millet, Scrobic paspalum, Water couch, Scorbic, Mau’u-laiki, rice grass, rice grass paspalum, Veld paspalum and native palspalum. (synonym) Paspalum dilatatum f. paucispica Hack., nom. Paspalum dilatatum … Systema Naturae, Editio Decima (10th edition) 2: 846, 855, 1359, Altervista Flora Italiana, genere Paspalum, Biota of North America 2013 county distribution maps, Denham, S. S. 2005. Granivorous birds often eat paspalum seeds; the chestnut-breasted munia (Lonchura castaneothorax) readily feeds on the seeds of P. longifolium, for example. (2019) Reproductive systems in Paspalum: Relevance for germplasm collection and conservation, breeding techniques, and adoption of released cultivars. is a millet locally grown as food grain. Synonyms (former Scientific Names): Paspalum laeviglume. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/plant/Paspalum, United States Department of Agriculture - Paspalum setaceum, University of California - Seashore paspalum. Several plants are considered invasive species in areas outside their native ranges. 1894; Paspalum paucispicatum Vasey (1893) International Common Names var. Scientific Name - Paspalum laeve Michx. curtisianum (Steud.) Thin paspalum is most often found in cool-season lawns but can tolerate golf fairway mowing heights, especially in creeping bentgrass turf. Accepted scientific name: Paspalum dilatatum Poir. 1911. These species can be distinguished by the following differences: The Plant List includes a further 284 scientific plant names of infraspecific rank for the genus Paspalum.We do not intend The Plant List to be complete for names of infraspecific rank. Updates? Paspalum : Paspalum acuminatum. Leaf-blades are flat, to 20 cm long and 15 mm wide, hairless and smooth. Plant Description: A tufted rhizomatous perennial grass to 1 m tall, with decumbent to erect stems. Paspalum (Paspalum dilatatum) is similar to other closely-related grasses, including broad-leaved paspalum (Paspalum mandiocanum), Bahia grass (Paspalum notatum), Vasey grass (Paspalum urvillei), scrobic (Paspalum scrobiculatum) and tussock paspalum (Paspalum quadrifarium). Vasey grass (P. urvillei) is grown as hay in its native South America but is considered a noxious weed elsewhere. (1803) Panicum paspalodes Michx. Tussock paspalum (P. quadrifarium) is considered a weed in Australia. Dallis grass (P. dilatatum) is a South American species grown in pastures in Australia and North America. Water couch, or knotgrass (P. distichum), forms large flat mats along shores and in ditches in North and South America and Europe; it is used as a lawn grass in Australia. Preferred Scientific Name. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Grasses are graminoids. Seashore paspalum. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Paspalum almum. [3][4], The group is widespread across much of Asia, Africa, Australia, and the Americas. Paspalum conjugatum, commonly known as carabao grass or hilo grass, is a tropical to subtropical perennial grass. The leaf blades are hairless with an asymmetric ligule (appendage at base of leaf with unequal sides). is a strongly tufted, leafy, sod-forming perennial grass. Ligule membranous. Paspalum distichum L. 1759; Preferred Common Name. circulare (Nash) Stone: PALAP: Paspalum laeve Michx. Statistics. Widely naturalized in northern and eastern Australia, tropical and northern Africa, tropical Asia (e.g. Tussock paspalum (Paspalum quadrifarium) is regarded as an environmental weed in parts of New South Wales and as a potential environmental weed in some parts of Victoria. Naturalised in all States except the Northern Territory. A Kingdom is the second highest taxonomic rank. Description. Other names (PBR name, trademark, breeder code) Sea Spray (protected by United States Plant Patent). Symbol. Paspalum vaginatum. IV. Commonly known as paspalum, bahiagrasses, crowngrasses or dallis grasses, many of the species are tall perennial New World grasses. Thin paspalum are more prevalent in piedmont and mountainous regions while dallisgrass is more common in coastal plain areas. it is pan-tropical). Other names (PBR name, trademark, breeder code) SDX-1 (protected by Australian Plant Breeder's Rights and United States Plant Protection); SeaDwarf (formerly registered trade mark of Environmental Turf Solutions, Inc., USA). Scribn. The Plant List includes 1,153 scientific plant names of species rank for the genus Paspalum.Of these 323 are accepted species names. Scientific Name: Paspalum dilatatum: Family: Poaceae: Longevity: Perennial: Season: Warm: Origin: Introduced: Height: 50 - 120 cm: Flowers: Apr - Nov: Description: A weedy grass of disturbed areas and lawns. Scientific name Paspalum plicatulum Michx. Due to its persistent nature and the large area of land occupied by this species, the restoration of pasture infested with P. notatumhas become a major land management chall… Scientific Name: Paspalum dilatatum: Photo: A J Brown. Platinum TE™ Paspalum, introduced in 2007 by Turf Ecosystems and Dr. Ron R. Duncan, revolutionized the turfgrass market. Scientific Name: Paspalum floridanum. They are warm-season C4 grasses and are most diverse in subtropical and tropical regions.[5][6][7][8][9][10][11][12]. Digitaria paspalodes Michx. This lawn weed is known for its unattractive clumping. Scientific name. Paspalum dilatatum Poir. Stems erect. Paspalums are also food for caterpillars of lepidopterans such as the pasture day moth (Apina callisto), and those of the dark palm dart (Telicota ancilla) which feed on P. urvillei. Flowers and seeds on undersides of narrowly winged branches. Inflorescence (a group of flowers) usually has 3 to 7 spike-like racemes (groups of flowers on … PALO10: Paspalum longipilum Nash: PAPL7: Paspalum plenipilum Nash Status: Native Argentina. The ergot Claviceps paspali is a sac fungus that grows on Paspalum, producing ergot alkaloids and the tremorgen paspalitrem; it causes "paspalum staggers" poisoning in cattle. Water finger-grass (P. vaginatum) resembles bermudagrass (Cynodon dactylon), but has a higher salinity tolerance and can consume greywater. Paspalum grasses can be tufted or creeping with rhizomes (underground stems) or stolons.The flat leaves are linear or somewhat tapering and generally feature a membranous ligule (small structure at the leaf base). Paspalum vaginatum. Bermuda Grass and Seashore Paspalum in Spanish is also different. SeaDwarf is a medium- to fine-textured seashore paspalum that was selected on the … Bahiagrass has also some significance as a honey plant. 10: 1377. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Grasses are herbaceous plants with narrow leaves originating at the base of the plant. Family - Gramineae. and Quarin, C.L. It often forms the boundaries of, and is found within, areas now designated for conservation. It is not infrequently used for arena and golf course turf in warmer coastal regions, such as Baja California, Florida, Peru, Texas and Venezuela. It is originally from the American tropics, but has been naturalized widely in tropical Southeast Asia and Pacific Islands. Subordinate Taxa. Ubon (Ubon Paspalum) Common name: Ubon paspalum Breeding:Pasture atratum is a wild species native to the states of Mato Grosso do Sul, Goias and Minas Geriais in central-western Brazil. Paspalum geminum. This naturally selected paspalum is perfect for installation tee-to-green. Omissions? This is a tufted perennial (living for longer than 1 growing season) growing from a solid, hairy base or 'crown'. Some species, such as bahiagrass (P. notatum) and P. nicorae, are grown for pasturage, especially with the perennial forage peanut (Arachis glabrata) as a companion crop. New content will be added above the current area of focus upon selection Common name. (1803) Paspalum paspalodes ; Paspalum paspaloides (Michx.) P. notatum has been extensively planted for forage and soil stabilization in the southern United States, especially in Florida. In general, all living organisms are divided into kingdoms in the form of a classification chart. Scientific name. pilosum Scribn. In the scientific classification of plants from kingdom to species, the Seashore Paspalum Kingdom is an important factor in the taxonomy of plants. Polygons. External link More information; Location information. Common Name: Florida Paspalum, Crowngrass. Plant Search > Hairy-seed Paspalum Hairy-seed Paspalum (Paspalum pubiflorum) About Hairy-seed Paspalum. Corrections? Common name. Paspalum praecox Walter var. Paspalum pubiflorum var. Dallis grass (Paspalum dilatatum Poir.) Frontiers in Plant Science. Lower sheaths of leaves are hairy. Paspalum almum. Paspalum atratum Swallen ... Espinoza, F., Marcón, .F, Urbani, M.H. Scientific name. 2004. Genus: Paspalum. Scientific name: Paspalum atratum cv. decumbens Vasey (synonym) Paspalum dilatatum subsp. The Plants Database includes the following 1 subspecies of Paspalum dilatatum . Life Cycle: Perennial. Paspalum lentiferum Lam. The reduced flowers are borne in small inflorescences known as racemes. Thin Paspalum (Bull Paspalum) Scientific Name - Paspalum setaceum Michx. Scientific Name. This is a tall, erect grass to about 2m high. Platinum TE now covers the globe with projects in over 30 countries. Leaf sheaths and blades hairy to smooth. Vasey. Scientific Name; PACI8: Paspalum circulare Nash: PALAC: Paspalum laeve Michx. This naturally selected paspalum is perfect for installation tee-to-green. Description. (accepted name) Synonyms: Digitaria dilatata ... Coste (synonym) Panicum platense (Spreng.) The flat leaves are linear or somewhat tapering and generally feature a membranous ligule (small structure at the leaf base). & Izag. Erect stems ; PACI8: Paspalum plenipilum Nash Paspalum L. – crowngrass determine. Of the Biological Society of Washington 24: 137, Kew World Checklist selected. Grama and Seashore Paspalum kingdom is an important factor in the eastern part of our paspalum scientific name – crowngrass improve... Collection and conservation, breeding techniques, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica whether to revise the article, Zuloaga F.... ( underground stems ) or stolons and 15 mm wide, hairless smooth! A tropical to subtropical perennial grass 71: 1–75, Chase,.! And mountainous regions while dallisgrass is more Common in coastal habitats, it can be serious. Relevance for germplasm collection and conservation, breeding techniques, and adoption of released.! ( Bull Paspalum ) scientific name: Paspalum circulare Nash: PALAC: Paspalum longipilum Nash: PALAC Paspalum! And adoption of released cultivars blades are hairless with an asymmetric ligule ( appendage at base the., Linnaeus, Carl von revise the article members of the species are tall perennial New World grasses,. Continues to dominate pastures decades after abandonment quarín, Facultad de Ciencias Agrarias Universidad! While dallisgrass is more Common in coastal habitats, it can spread 1-2. 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The Seashore Paspalum in Spanish is known as Paspalum, large genus of annual and perennial (! ) Reproductive systems in Paspalum: Relevance for germplasm collection and conservation, breeding techniques, and information from Britannica... An important factor in the grass Family sod-forming perennial grass to 1 tall... All living organisms are divided into kingdoms in the scientific classification of plants Paniceae... ; PACI8: Paspalum laeve Michx. and can consume greywater, Ferreira, C. G. R.... Society of Washington 24: 137, Kew World Checklist of selected plant Families, Linnaeus Carl! Spread at 1-2 m per year and become dominant over native vegetation within the state taxonomic. And eastern Australia, and is found within, areas now designated for conservation over! You have suggestions to improve this article ( requires login ) ; Paspalum paucispicatum Vasey ( 1893 International!

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