You may need to adjust your soil before adding grass. It is very tolerant of drought and traffic and requires full sunlight. The more popular varieties (which are established from sod) include Density, Prairie, Prestige and 609. Bermuda – Easiest to maintain. There are very few centipedegrass varieties in the marketplace. That means it gets very thick so it feels like a carpet beneath your feet, and it does not grow tall quickly, so you get to mow less frequently. It is best adapted in Southeast Texas. Varieties are available for lawns, golf courses and athletic fields. Developed in Daytona Beach, FL Palmetto St. Augustine grass excels in coastal and island areas. While the residents of Houston seldom see temperatures of more than 100 degrees, we do see a lot of days hit 90 degrees or more. Looks great but needs more sun, less shade. He represents Texas AgriLife Extension Service with the Texas A&M University System. Another natural choice is Bahia grass, especially if you have poor soil. Cool-season grasses grow best in spring and fall and are primarily adapted in North Texas. 4. Texas A&M Veterinary Medical Diagnostics Laboratory, Texas A&M College of Agrculture and Life Sciences, intended use (lawn, golf course, athletic field). St. Augustine-grass is less drought tolerant than bermudagrass or zoysiagrass. This type of grass does well in the warmer temperatures, and it has a low dense growth habit. Everyone wants a lush carpet of grass on their lawn, and if you are in Texas then you know St. Augustine grass is one of the best choices of grass types for the climate we have. These varieties tend to have a finer texture and create a denser turf than common-type bermudagrasses. Central Texas Lawns We have proudly serviced thousands of lawns across Central Texas. They can be overseeded into bermudagrass in late September and October to provide winter color, or planted on bare ground to prevent erosion until a permanent lawn is established. Looking for insider Houston lawn care tips? With fertilization, less is often more. Establishment and Maintenance Recommendations. It is most suited to sports turf, golf course fairways and high-maintenance lawns where the salinity of irrigation water is a concern. Tip’s Turf cultivates their carpet grass in some of the richest soil in Texas and will always deliver freshly cut grass only hours after it has been harvested to the central Texas and Austin areas. It has a darker blue-green hue than most St. Augustine. Zoysiagrasses are droughttolerant, but tend to turn brown sooner than bermudagrass during an extended drought. It can be grown in Central and West Texas with more supplemental irrigation. However, tall fescue lawns will require more summer irrigation than either warm-season turfgrasses or Texas bluegrass. The hybrid bermudagrasses are better adapted for use on golf course fairways and sports fields than for home lawns. Maps indicate the areas to which the species are adapted: Not all turfgrass varieties mentioned with each grass type (species) may be available in Texas. St. Augustinegrass does not tolerate high traffic. the northern one-third of the state. It is adapted in the Panhandle region of Texas, but requires irrigation. It’s a low-to-medium maintenance type of grass that forms a thick, carpet-like lawn. The Zoysia matrella varieties include Cavalier, Diamond, Royal, Y-2, Zeon and Zorro. Common centipedegrass is available as seed and sod. Zoysiagrass Overall, this variety is a hardy and easy-to-manage grass. The recommended fertilizer program begins in the spring. For Texas residents, the heat-tolerant Bermuda grass is an obvious, practical choice. The area in which zoysiagrass is adapted is similar to that of bermudagrass. It naturally forms a dense turf and also has a good salt tolerance. Buffalograss is best adapted for areas with annual rainfall of 25 inches or less. Some varieties of Zoysia grass are hardier than others. These new varieties are also more tolerant of heat and shade. In the High Plains, perennial ryegrass may be used as a permanent turfgrass if it is watered. It is slow growing and coarse-leafed. 2. It is drought, insect, and disease resistant and loves full sun. Although finer textured (with a narrower blade) and more tolerant of shade than Floratam, Raleigh develops dense ground coverage. This grass grows best in soil with a pH between 5 and 8.5, which is a broader range than many of its competitors. Click for a hub of Extension resources related to the current COVID-19 situation. It is established from sod. Buffalograss does well as a low-maintenance lawn grass from Central to West Texas. When you do water, wet the soil to a depth of 6 inches. In Texas, St. Augustine grass is one of the most popular of the turfgrass, or carpet grass, varieties. Texas residents may well fall in love with buffalo grass. Texas is known for moderate winters and very hot summers, How to Get Rid of Mosquitoes Using Home Remedies, Top 7 Houston Landscaping Ideas for Every Taste, Easy Steps to a Trouble-Free Sod Installation in Houston, Texas, Definitive Guide to Safe and Effective Lawn Fertilization. It requires little fertilizer and infrequent mowing. Plus, you’ll be helping to restore native Texas grasses. St. Augustine Dormant Months by Region. This variety is known for its ability to survive and thrive with little or no water and in high heat. Neither seed nor sod is as readily available at this time as for the other grasses. Do you have a question -or- need to contact an expert? Reveille and Tejas are Texas bluegrass varieties developed by Texas A&M University. For any landscape or gardening information, call the Bexar County Master Gardeners Hotline at 210-631-0400 e-mail questions to info@bexarmg.org , or visit our County Extension website at https://bexar-tx.tamu.edu and click under Horticulture and Gardening. This lawn grass type is another warm-climate favorite for drought-resistant turf. The entire state of Texas is known for moderate winters and very hot summers. Requires less water than St. Augustine. It is superior to Texas common St. Augustine grass in its tolerance to downy mildew, gray leaf spot diseases and brown patch fungus. Seeded buffalograss varieties include Common, Texoka, Commanche, Plains and Topgun. Many homeowners enjoy the look and feel of the thick green carpet it provides. Plant Answers > Floratam St. Augustine Grass -- the BEST Grass for South and South Central Texas Floratam St. Augustine Grass -- the BEST Grass for South and South Central Texas Floratam St. Augustine grass was released by the Florida and Texas Agricultural Experiment Stations in 1972 as a SAD virus and chinch bug resistant selection. Blackland Income Growth Virtual Conference, Ranchers Agricultural Leasing Workshop: Online course, Connecting Agriculture and Health – From the Ground Up: online, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Wc8xY2YuOfM. St. Augustine grass (Stenotaphrum secundatum) is a tropical grass that is the most popular turf from Florida to central Texas. Most commonly, you will find a 4-1-2 or 5-1-2 ratio is easiest to find. It is tolerant of salinity in both soil and irrigation water and needs less nitrogen fertilizer than the improved bermudagrass varieties. It is adapted to a wide range of soil conditions and management programs. That’s why you need to invest in heat-tolerant and drought-resistant grass in Texas for your residential and commercial properties. It is vigorous, establishes a ground cover rapidly, and has superior color. The newest turf study recommendations say a 2-1-0 ratio is plenty for St. Augustine. It does not do well in the shade, however, and coverage can occasionally become thin. Only two seeded varieties of zoysiagrass are available—Zenith and Compadre. Improved varieties usually require less nitrogen fertilizer than bermudagrass. They do not tolerate the summer heat and high humidity of most areas of the state. However, there are many new turf-type varieties (more than 70) that perform better and have finer leaf texture. If you want to plant St. Augustine, be sure to check the soil in your area to help determine whether or not this grass is a good fit. Floratam St. Augustine grass was found to be better than Common for the following reasons: It has resistance to SAD virus. (sort-of) 3. Then don’t water again until the grass shows symptoms of drought stress—a dull, bluish color, rolled or folded leaves, and footprints that do not “spri… Seed stores and garden centers typically carry only a few varieties of each species from a single supplier. This is due to its superior shade tolerance relative to other warm-season grasses as well as its deep rooting potential and drought tolerance. How to Install St. Augustine Grass. The best mowing height is 1 inch or less. Sea Spray is a seeded variety. We have seen a lot since 2006, but here are some of the common things we encounter. Our work makes a difference, in the lives of Texans and on the economy. Compared to the other varieties, Floratam has wider leaf blades, poorer shade tolerance, the best drought tolerance, and the poorest cold tolerance, which makes it best adapted in southern Texas and along the Gulf Coast. St Augustine grass lawns are extremely thick. It is established from sod. Bermudagrass is grown throughout Texas. Zoysia grass is equally fond of sun and shade so that it will work well under and near your trees. All St. Augustine grass turfs require a nitrogen-rich fertilizer. It is best established from sod. St. Augustinegrass has a coarse texture and is used mainly as a lawn grass. Green = The species is most adapted in this area. Named because buffalo did, in fact, graze on it, this grass is a natural choice for drought-resistant lawns. St. Augustinegrass varieties include Amerishade, Delmar, Floratam, Palmetto, Raleigh, Sapphire and Seville. However, neither seed nor sod is readily available yet. It is a tropical grass being found in several countries and islands from Africa to Australia. St. Augustinegrass is less drought tolerant than bermudagrass or zoysiagrass. About an inch to 1.5 inches per week should be efficient for your St. Augustine grass. For the first three and last three months of the year, five hours every 10 days will normally do the trick. Overall, this variety is a hardy and easy-to-manage grass. St. Augustine grass thrives in Dallas, Texas making it a favorite for homeowners in the area. One popular lawn cover is Saint Augustine grass (Stenotaphrum secundatum), a warm-season, shade grass intolerant of freezing temperatures. Plus, it’s easy to care for as well as hard to kill. Tip’s Turf is the best central Texas grass supplier and we can meet the needs of any commercial or residential yard grass requirement. Improved varieties are commonly referred to as “turftype” tall fescues. Cuts down on mowing. Common Central Texas Grasses St. Augustine St. Augustine grass is a warm season lawn grass It does best in full sun and has little tolerance of shade. Raleigh St Augustine is the most widely grown variety of St. Augustine in Texas. You’ll need to apply 1 – 1.5 pounds of nitrogen per 1000 sq. This browning off can make the lawn unsightly for many homeowners, who then seek to find a solution to this problem of lawn discoloration. There are other grass types found in Austin and Central … For a lawn that takes very little effort to maintain, buffalo grass is the best option. Selecting turfgrass involves choosing both an adapted grass species (e.g., bermudagrass, St. Augustinegrass, zoysiagrass, etc.) Seed is available for many varieties. There are many “named” seeded varieties of bermudagrass. It is adapted from Central Texas to Southern Oklahoma and is an alternative to tall fescue in North Texas. Floratam St. Augustine. It is important to select a species that is adapted to the climate of your area and to the conditions of the site where it will be planted. To Summarize, the Top 3 Types of Grass in Texas are: St. Augustine – Very tolerant of weather but prefers less sun, more shade. Even in a coastal area, water usage can become a problem. For more information about our residential and commercial landscaping in Houston, TX,  contact us online or call us at 713-999-4751. It is the most shade-tolerant of the warm-season turfgrasses. Seeded varieties include Arizona Common, Blackjack, Blue-muda, Contessa, Jackpot, LaPaloma, Majestic, Mohawk, NuMex Sahara, Panama, Princess 77, Pyramid, Riviera, Savannah, Shanghai, Shangri-la, Southern Star, SR 9554, Sunbird, Sundevil II, Sunstar, Sydney, Transcontinental, Veracruz and Yukon. Part of it’s drought resistance can make it invasive since it constantly seeds itself but it has few problems with pest and disease. The grass is tolerant to the Texas heat, can survive small periods of droughts and can grow in just about any soil type. for long-term success. What’s the Best Grass for Central & South Texas? Centipedegrass is best suited as a low-maintenance lawn grass and is best adapted in East Texas. Any nitrogen not used by your turf gets sent to your weeds and fungus. To make sure you get the best product for your St Augustine grass, have a look at the table below before moving onto our buying guide. The following descriptions are of the grass species most common to Texas. When planted in the high-rainfall areas of East Texas, or when watered excessively, buffalograss is easily invaded by weeds and other grasses. Another natural choice is Bahia grass, especially if you have poor soil. It grows high but needs a lot of water to do so; St. Augustine grass crowds out most weeds and other grasses; It has a coarse texture and is not cold tolerant; St. Augustine grass does not like heavy traffic and you must mow it high to keep the roots The trick is to water only when the grass needs it. A Texas A&M AgriLife Research turfgrass breeder discussed genetically engineered St. Augustine grass and hybrids bred to meet these criteria during the recent Texas A&M AgriLife Turfgrass Field Day in College Station.. Ambika Chandra, Ph.D., a turfgrass breeder in the … TifBlair, a relatively new variety, is also available as seed and sod. Watering St. Augustine Grass in Texas For new St. Augustine grass, the time of year will determine how long you need to water. and a variety of that species. Zoysia – Good in all soil types. Do expect to mow your lawn frequently because it grows fast and tall. Warm-season grasses turn straw-colored at the first frost and may go dormant during the winter in Texas. Description: St. Augustinegrass is a warm-season turfgrass that spreads laterally by stolons and is one of the most widely planted turfgrass species in Texas, particularly in urban environments. In the more humid areas of Texas, bluegrass is prone to diseases and heat stress and is not recommended as a general lawn grass. However, there are many different opinions about which ratio is best, which is why checking your soil’s pH is important. Best Time Of Year To Plant A New St Augustine Lawn Posted in Lawn Care . It is quickly being adopted as the prefered St. Augustine grass with its outstanding reputation dating back to 1994. Many also require more maintenance (more frequent mowing, more nitrogen fertilizer). St. Augustine grass grows fast, making it a great choice for building a thick turf. It also takes high traffic well, so if you love to hold family parties or host flag football games, this may be the grass for you. The southern states in the warm/humid Climate Zone in the U.S. forms the range for this grass. Orange = The species may need extra irrigation and maintenance (mowing, fertilization) in this area. Many improved Kentucky bluegrass varieties are available as seed. In the Houston area, consult the lawn experts at Zodega TIS for advice on the best Texas heat-tolerant and drought-resistant lawn grass types for Texas heat and drought. Tall fescue sod is moderately tolerant of drought and shade and its use is limited to North Texas. Requires the most watering. If you choose this type of drought-resistant grass in Texas, you will enjoy a green lawn during even during the dormant months. It is best established with sod, as seed establishment is much slower than with other grasses. Saint Augustine grass can be planted out at most times of the year in the warmer regions where winter is not expected to be too cold, however different regions will differ as to the best time of year to plant new Saint Augustine lawns, and this is usually based on climate and rainfall conditions, winter temperatures etc. Zoysiagrass does well on lawns and in recreational areas with only moderate traffic. For further information: http://soilcrop.tamu.edu http://aggieturf.tamu.edu http://agrilifebookstore.org/ (browse “Lawns” under “Lawn & Garden”), Download a printer-friendly version of this publication: Turfgrass Selection for Texas, View more Gardening & Landscaping information ». For best results, a blend of three or four different Kentucky bluegrass varieties is recommended. St. Augustinegrass varieties include Amerishade, Delmar, Floratam, Palmetto, Raleigh, Sapphire and Seville. Its appearance is much like Kentucky bluegrass but it is tolerant of Texas heat and sun and can stay green throughout the year. Raleigh St. Augustine is medium green in color, and has a SAD virus resistant and is best grown in heavier clay soils. It does not do well in the shade, however, and coverage can occasionally become thin. They require warm, well-prepared soils to germinate and are much slower to establish than seeded bermudagrass. Examples of vegetative bermudagrass are Baby, Celebration, CT-2, Common, GN-1, Grimes EXP, Quickstand, Tifgreen, Tifway, TifSport and Tifton 10. Perennial, intermediate and annual ryegrasses are suitable for temporary use in lawns throughout Texas. So what is winter brown off in lawns and why does it occur? Site conditions include. ft every 8 to 10 weeks for the best results. Finding the right grass variety is essential for the appearance of your lawn. You can choose from several lawn grass types that are particularly drought-resistant, including El Toro, Empire, and Palisades. White = The species is not adapted for this area, though it may be grown with extra irrigation and expert maintenance; other grass species are recommended. Texas bluegrass is the result of crossing Kentucky bluegrass with native Texas bluegrass. It is best adapted in Southeast Texas. Zoysia japonica varieties include Carrizo, Crowne, El Toro, Empire, GN-Z, Jamur, Meyer and Palisades. The next steps are to prepare the soil properly for planting and establish a good maintenance program (mowing, fertilizing, irrigating, etc.) Zoysia japonica types are medium-textured and do well with normal lawn maintenance practices. It is impractical for Texas sod producers to produce a great number of varieties of a single grass species, so they try to provide good quality varieties of the most improved grasses. Fortunately, you can choose from several heat tolerant varieties that will work in Texas and lessen the frequency of your lawn watering schedule in Houston. Many Saint Augustine lawns can tend to go brown or straw colored over the winter months. Best Choice - #1 Best Shade Tolerant St Augustine Grass Central Texas Checked on 29/09/2020; Based on 15 Reviews; Warranty: If you, the consumer, are not satisfied with this product after use in accordance with packaging instructions, you may be eligible for a refund. The 8 Best Fertilizer for St Augustine Grass. It can be grown in most of Texas, although it may be killed by severe winters in the northern one-third of the state. Best Types of Grass for Central Texas: Bermudagrass - This is probably the best grass available when it comes to drought resistance since most variates can get by with watering once or twice a week. St. Augustinegrass does not tolerate high traffic. Irrigation may be needed to supplement natural rainfall. Other varieties do not produce viable seed and can be established only from sod, sprigs or plugs. It is drought, insect, and disease resistant and loves full sun. Kentucky bluegrass is a fine-leaved turfgrass widely used for lawns in the northern states. If it isn’t getting enough water, you will know by the blades beginning to turn yellow. St. Augustine does well with a quality weed-and-feed product in early spring. It is not well suited to heavily trafficked areas. Zoysiagrass has light to moderate shade tolerance, depending on the variety, but is not as shade-tolerant as St. Augustinegrass. If you're looking for a dense turf that thrives in a warm, coastal climate, … Buffalo grass grows to about 4-6 inches tall but curls over to make it look shorter. Some experts recommend 6.5lb per 1,000 square feet, while others say that 4lb per 1,000 square feet is best. As a result, you may choose to mow it rarely, if at all. Emerald is an older variety that is similar to Z. matrella types in appearance and growth. Recommended: Scotts Turf Builder Grass Seed – Perennial Ryegrass Mix, 7 lb. Except in the northern part of the state, in the High Plains, ryegrass won’t hold up year-round in the Texas heat. There are no growers of Kentucky bluegrass sod in Texas. However, sometimes only a fertilizer is necessary. Certain truisms exist in hot, humid Texas and one is that trees in a landscape will eventually shade the yard, and if the ground cover is grass, it needs to be shade-tolerant or you'll have bare soil and mud. Drought can be a problem for Texans, so choosing the right grass seed or drought-resistant sod can make all the difference when it comes to the appearance of your residential or commercial property. It provides a nice green lawn that can handle average foot traffic. There are a lot of reasons to use fertilizer and a variety of blends available. Texas weather can produce attractive lawns. In the deep south, from Florida to central Texas, St Augustine grass is the turf of choice. The standard tall fescue variety K-31, which originated as a forage grass, is still available. It requires little water and fights off weeds and disease. “Tech Turf” is a variety that appears to be available only as sod plugs. Atrazine tolerance is also lower than other varieties, making weed control harder. St. Augustine grass does enjoy a little shade, so it’s great for lawns with at least a few trees. Zoysiagrass varieties have improved in recent years and there are two types being produced in Texas. St. Augustine – is very common in Central Texas. It needs less irrigation than tall fescue and performs best in lawns with little traffic. It can be grown in Central and West Texas with more supplemental irrigation. Check the numbers on the back of the bag. Compared to the other varieties, Floratam has wider leaf blades, poorer shade tolerance, the best drought tolerance, and the poorest cold tolerance, which makes it best adapted in southern Texas and along the Gulf Coast. The hybrid or vegetative bermudagrasses are usually denser, darker green, have a finer texture and are more aggressive than the common-type bermudagrass varieties. Bermuda grass is prized for its ability to withstand drought and cheerfully absorb the full sun. Vegetative varieties include Adalayd/Excalibre, Aloha, Salam, SeaDwarf, Sea Isle I and Sea Isle 2000. The Zoysia matrella types have a much finer leaf texture that produces a very dense turf; they require more maintenance (mainly closer and more frequent mowing) than Zoysia japonica varieties (Table 1). The grass is characterized by its dark green hue and dense carpet-like cover. It grows well in full sun to light shade and does not tolerate traffic or prolonged drought. Because St. Augustine enters dormancy based on soil temperature, the dormant period is different based on the region where the grass is planted.In the United States, St. Augustine is typically found from South Carolina through Central Texas. St. Augustine grass (Stenotaphrum secundatum) comes as sod, plugs and sprigs to plant in your lawn. Bitter blue has high cold resistance. There are three main reasons for lawn discoloration happening over winter, the first reason is the type of Saint Augustine grass being grown, some Saint Augustine grass types are more prone to going brown over the winter months… Garden centers and turf suppliers typically carry only a few varieties. Bitterblue grass is a finer, denser St. Augustine grass. Because seashore paspalum does not tolerate prolonged low temperatures, it is best adapted to the southern one-third of Texas. Best Grass for Texas Heat and Drought It has resistance to chinch bugs. This grass does well in full sun or partial shade. Consider the following types of grass for a drought-proof lawn. Turfgrass needs to be tolerant to drought and shade as well as resistant to disease in order to thrive in Texas. Seed, sprigs and plugs generally take longer than bermudagrass to completely cover an area. Well-Prepared soils to germinate and are primarily adapted in the northern one-third of the most shade-tolerant of bag. 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