They are usually a blend of several hybrids that offer different qualities. Finer-bladed zoysias, … Both St. Augustine and zoysia require a certain amount of macro and micronutrients including nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, iron, manganese and sulfur. Zoysia is able to handle shade better in hot, dry climates where fungus spores cannot spread easily. Both zoysia and St. Augustine grasses are pretty shade tolerant compared to other turfgrass varieties. Different varieties grow at different speeds, so this isn’t always the case. A Comparison of Zoysia Seed Vs. Zenith Zoysia Seed. On the other hand, CitraBlueTM St. Augustine is known for its deep blue-green color whereas Floratam has a medium green color with red stolons. Be sure to read each label thoroughly before application. Zoysia requires more time so if you have a big yard, I would say forget it. All these adaptive qualities taken together make St. Augustine an ideal choice for any homeowner, particularly those whose lawns have shaded areas that do not receive regular direct sunlight. It is the most shade-tolerant warm season grass, but it needs at least four to six hours of sun to thrive. I ordered a pallet of palisades zoysia for the back yard and 1.5 pallets of St Augustine for the front, and it all looks great and is establishing really nicely.The staff is very friendly and knowledgeable, and the videos and tips on the website are extremely helpful. We are open! There are less choices for weed control than with Zoysia, but St. Augustine is more tolerant of our clay based acidic soils. Mowing heights matter because they usually dictate how frequently homeowners will need to mow. There are other zoysiagrass cultivar better adapted to shade and I … For more information on the differing soil types, be sure to take a look at our Soil Management for Lawns and Gardens blog. St. Aug in Front Yard and Zoysia in Back. All zoysias spread via rhizomes and stolons. Learning about the different types of turfgrass varieties available is a great idea before making a commitment to a type of grass. Turf expert Clint Waltz says “Emerald zoysiagrass doesn’t grow really strong in limited light conditions (i.e. St. Augustines have a much thicker blade than zoysia grasses. Shade Tolerance. If you’re looking at all of ’em in a chart, the St. Augustine, the Zoysias are going to have better wear tolerance. They are also more tolerant than St. Augustines of soils with poor drainage. For example, Innovation should be mowed at a height of 1–2 inches whereas CitraBlue performs best at a mowing height of 2.5–3.5 inches. It’s blades are medium sized not the fine variety that some Zoysia’s are. Let me try to specify the light levels needed, in declining order, for the different turfgrasses. Zoysia grasses are as drought tolerant as Buffalo and Bermuda grasses. In addition, JaMur is considered a much-improved replacement for other Zoysia cultivars, including El Toro, Meyer, Palisades, Empire, & Crown. Invest in your lawn with Lawnifi Liquid Fertilizer. St. Augustine grass is coarse-textured with a very thick grass blade that rounds at the top and becomes more compacted towards the soil. Fescue vs. Zoysia Fescue or Zoysia Comparison Zoysia vs Fescue. Complete Program 9 Bottle Annual Fertilizer. It can be grown in Central and West Texas with more supplemental irrigation. It’s also important to note that there are a few big key differences between warm season and cool season varieties. Drought tolerance is the ability to survive a drought. CitraBlue St. Augustine is again an outlier in this particular category because CitraBlue’s drought tolerance is better than most St. Augustines. Even the more desirable “turf type” Fescue is the heaviest maintenance lawn type for our area. It does not perform as well in shaded areas. Zoysias tend to perform best in soils with a pH between 5.8–7.0. If shade is a problem, prune lower branches on shade trees to allow more light to enter in the morning or afternoon. Zoysia grasses, in particular, are usually more prone to insects like billbugs. All three of these grasses are available from regional sod farms and the visual differences of these choices are great. Zoysias and St. Augustines can be plagued by different insects, bugs and grubs including mole crickets, billbugs, armyworms, white grub worms, sod webworms, ants, grass spiders or spittlebugs. Wider-bladed zoysias, like EMPIRE, usually have a blade width of 5–7 mm, whereas finer-bladed zoysias, like InnovationTM Zoysia and GeoTM Zoysia, have a blade width around 2 mm. This is done by removing lower branches not thinning out the canopy. Zoysia is one of the most shade-tolerant warm-season grasses, although tolerance does not mean preference. Find the right grass for your location and needs with our Sod Selector tool. Although both zoysia grasses and St. Augustines require about one inch of water per week including rainfall, zoysia grass varieties have the ability to survive during a period of drought. In comparison to drought tolerance, drought resistance is the ability to look good during drought. St. Augustine also tends to have a higher salt tolerance than zoysias, so you will typically see more St. Augustines along the coasts or around areas high in salt content. Pictured above from left to right: Zorro, El Toro, Palisades and Meyer Zoysia. Zorro is rapidly replacing many St. Augustine and centipede lawns due to its great shade tolerance, durability, disease resistance and beauty. It shares the drought and shade resistance of the other varieties. Zoysia grass likes full sun and lots of rain. Zoysia is far slower to grow and fill up the lawn compared to Bermuda grass. This makes Palisades ideal for shady lawns in the northern portions of the growing range for zoysia. Take a look at some of our most popular insecticides below. The wider-bladed zoysias are considered “very good” with wear tolerance and injury recovery. This is more than just water and sunlight. Zoysia grasses are usually mowed at a height of .5–2 inches whereas St. Augustines are generally mowed at a height of 2–4 inches. Of the two turfgrasses, St. Augustine grass is cheaper and easier to establish and maintain while zoysia is a little costlier with a much more frequent maintenance schedule. The best you can do is mow the zoysia in the shade a little higher and feed it a little less to help it tolerate the shade it’s in. One shade-tolerant type known as Palisades, a type of zoysia japonica, performs well in shade and also offers good winter hardiness. When it comes to zoysia varieties, zoysia is still pretty shade tolerant for a warm season grass, but their shade tolerance ranks second to that of St. Augustine’s. They are living products, so they require nourishment just as we do. I guess it also has, if you were comparing it to the St. Augustine, the Zoysias have some pretty decent shade tolerance. Pictured above: A St. Augustine stolon growing across the surface of the soil above ground. Asked February 24, 2013, 10:22 AM EST. It is best adapted in Southeast Texas. Emerald Zoysia (Zoysia 'Emerald') is a cultivar of Zoysia grass with a thin bladed leaf that forms a very lush lawn. Similarly to insects, both zoysia and St. Augustines, along with every other grass type, are prone to more diseases or fungus outbreaks than others. St. Augustines are considered “good” with wear tolerance and injury recovery, although the superior variety, CitraBlue, has a better wear tolerance than most other St. Augustine varieties. Plus he said the grasses are similar looking and so mixing Zoysia with the existing St. Augustine will not look bad. I think, when established, it looks like a neater, thicker, straighter St. Aug. My opinion. shade). Here’s the short and sweet of my research: Palisade Zoysia is the most shade tolerant of the zoysia and is currently only available in sod. At Sod Solutions, one of our top grasses for shaded areas is Palmetto® St. Augustine. Both zoysia and St. Augustine grasses are pretty shade tolerant compared to other turfgrass varieties. For either type of grass, it is a good idea to apply a systemic insecticide that is labeled to treat such insects preventatively before problems become out of hand. You can learn more about some of the most popular of these in Popular Zoysia Varieties and Popular St. Augustine Grass Varieties. CitraBlue and Palmetto® St. Augustine are the best grasses for shade. Grow Your Best Lawn with Weekly Lawn Care Tips, Tricks and Advice, During COVID-19 Sod Solutions is Open and Shipping Products -. There’s so much vegetation and it’s so dense. Find the right grass for your location and needs. Zoysia lawns are greyish-green in color with a fine texture while St. Augustine grass has a blue-green tint with a fairly coarse texture to its lawns. Since zoysias grow with both methods, they usually rank higher in wear tolerance, injury recovery and drought tolerance. Zoysia is highly recommended for home lawns because of its low maintenance. 419 Tifway (not such a pest to flower beds like common Bermuda) Celebration; St. Augustine: Sun, moderate shade. Rhizomes strike new roots downward into the soil and also shoot stems upwards. Subscribe to our e-newsletter below if you haven’t done so already to receive the latest updates from Sod University. If shade is your number one problem…which it sounds like it may be, you may want to go with a shade tolerant St. Augustine like Palmetto. St. Augustine Floratam is considered native to areas like South Florida and adapts well to most soils. Wider-blade zoysia: Palisades (most drought tolerant) Empire; El Toro; Bermuda: Sun, traffic (kids & dogs), good drought tolerance. Knowing which types of diseases these two grasses are more susceptible to will really help in preventing and treating any future outbreaks that may occur. Pictured above from left to right: Palmetto, CitraBlue, Floratam and Raleigh St. Augustine. Although in ideal conditions, Zoysia can fully grow and cover the lawn in one year, but more often than not, it would take 2 to 3 years for its full growth and coverage. St. Augustines, however, are more prone to pests like chinch bugs, white grub worms, sod webworms or fall armyworms that love to feed on the grass blades and roots. The most … Each variety of grass requires different mowing heights to perform and looks its best. This is a small back yard, facing east, with a large fence and two large shade trees blocking early and mid morning sun. St. Augustine is the most popular, Sandri says, because it tolerates shade well. Zorro is the #1 rated zoysia grass in the NTEP trials. In the Dallas area, the choices are generally St. Augustine, Bermuda, zoysia and buffalo. Plug trays are the perfect and affordable way to fill in spots or test the performance of a grass in your lawn. Make no doubt about it Saint Augustine shade tolerance is superior to all Zoysia varieties and far more aggressive in growth rates. St. Augustines, in comparison, will hold color better than zoysias and have a higher drought resistance, but when they start to turn brown from a lack of water, they’re dying—not preserving themselves with dormancy. Bermuda grass of any type has zero shade tolerance. With more than two billion sq. Of the types of grasses for Texas, St Augustine is a long time favorite. No matter which type of turfgrass variety you choose for installation, every one of them is going to need some form of nutrition. Palisade zoysia is not as shade tolerant as St Augustine. St. Augustines only spread through the above-the-ground runners, stolons. Although both grasses can encounter many different fungus outbreaks, the ones zoysias most frequently experience are brown spot, rust and leaf spot. Just amount of vegetation per square inch is so high versus the St. Augustine, it’s going to wear down a lot slower. It demonstrates superior shade, cold, frost, heat and drought tolerance. Under most other conditions, however, zoysia is the better option if you don’t mind your lawn going dormant during dry seasons. Zoysias and St. Augustines don’t only differ in color—they also differ in blade widths. Be sure to read each label thoroughly before application. JaMur Zoysia is a medium textured grass, similar in look to El Toro grass, but it’s a lot easier to manage. Pictured above from left to right: EMPIRE, Innovation, Geo Zoysia and Zeon. To learn more, read Growing Grass in Shaded Landscapes. Palisades Zoysia is only about as shade tolerant as Raleigh St. Augustine grass. This is one of the most difficult features to compare because different varieties of zoysia have different colors. St. Augustines perform well in soils with a wider pH range that’s between 5.0–8.5, but St. Augustines need soils with good drainage to thrive. CitraBlue and Palmetto® St. Augustine are the best grasses for shade. Each cultivar of zoysia and St. Augustine performs differently as they were bred at different times with varying goals in mind. A slow-growing grass for full sun to partial shade, Zoysia grass is exotic looking with dark green, thick, and succulent foliage. A stolon is an above-the-ground stem that creeps along the surface of the soil and subsequently grows a clone of the original plant on the end of it. So of your two choices: I have EMPIRE zoysia out under a shade tree that gets probably 3 hours of direct sunlight per day. St. Augustine blade widths vary as well. When building a new lawn, be sure you choose the grass breed that fits your shade coverage, lawn care schedule, and … Homeowners who’ve had problems with these pests in the past may like EMPIRE or Innovation more for this reason. They are usually better than zoysias at choking out weeds for this reason. St. Augustine grass is the best choice for lawn grass in shade, but if too much shade is a problem, St. Augustine will struggle, thin and eventually fade away. Zoysias have a thick, soft carpet with a stronger, medium-thick grass blade that produces a soft feel. The fine-bladed Zoysia grasses are about as shade tolerant as the most shade tolerant St. Augustine grass we sell, which is Palmetto. Take a look at some of our top recommended products for these lawn diseases. Bermuda grass is second in popularity, and Zoysia (a fairly recent addition to Texas grasses) is gaining ground. You can learn more about some of the most common of these in our Insect Identification blog. It grows vertically and is more dense. They will then return to color shortly after resuming a regular watering schedule. SA will require more fertilizer and water, but less frequent mowing and a rotary mower can be used on any variety. While Zoysia grass is often marketed as being more drought tolerant than St. Augustine grass, Zoysia requires just as much water in terms of frequency and volume as St. Augustine to remain green and attractive. A: It is true that zoysia is more shade tolerant than bermudagrass – – but it needs at least four hours of direct sunshine or eight hours of very bright reflected light to thrive. St. Augustine (Raleigh): Pros: Very shade tolerant, but still requires 3-4 hours of intermittent sunlight Dark Green and Drought Tolerant Salt Tolerance is the high Recuperates quickly from stresses and damage “Stays above the problem” with thick, heavy surface stolens Moderate fertilization – mow every 7 days A good “plugging” grass. Not thin-bladed like Bermuda . Get the perfect liquid fertilizer for your grass type. Zoysia grass vs. St. Augustine for heavy shade. Mowing. It is established from sod. Houston Grass, All Rights Reserved. Zoysia grass is drought and shade tolerant as well as slow growing. St. Augustinegrass varieties include Ameri-shade, Delmar, Floratam, Palmetto, Raleigh, Sap-phire and Seville. I have St. Augustine grass in my backyard. Like Bermuda, it holds up well to foot traffic from people and pets. Moving onto the Saint Augustine varieties. Specific zoysia and St. Augustine varieties may differ, but they generally fall pretty close to their generic mowing heights. Quote Price of Grass Sod for Your Project, Why Choose Palmetto St. Augustine Grass Sod, Open a PDF Copy of Our Tipsheet for Download, https://houstonturfgrass.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/03/Quality-Sets-Us-Apart-Houston-Grass-South-1.mp4, Click to download the Houston Grass Tip Sheet. During periods of drought, zoysias go off-color with their natural dormancy mechanism. I think this is your problem. For more information, read our Lawn Disease Control blog and our Identifying Common Lawn Diseases blog. It needs 100% sun all the time or it will thin out and be ugly. Overall, St. Augustine blades are flat and broad and can form a dense layer of grass with a coarse feel. Believe me, Palisades Zoysia looks 100% better than St. Aug. St. Augustine-grass is less drought tolerant than bermudagrass or zoysiagrass. Take a look at the list and images below to get a visual representation of what these grasses look like. There are many different turfgrass varieties to choose from when it comes to installing sod in a new home lawn. Overall, zoysias are typically fine turfgrasses with a smooth feel. It’s surprising that St Augustine is as popular as it is because it is actually not very drought hearty and it consumes quite a … Zoysia can tolerate light to moderate shade, depending on other factors like temperature and humidity. I'm curious as to how well Zoysia grass (in sod form) will hold up in an area that is well shaded vs. St. Augustine sod. It requires re-seeding 1-2 times per year. All zoysia grass performs best in full sun, but it tolerates light to moderate shade, with some tolerating these conditions better than others. A lot of homeowners aren’t sure where to even start with this process. This is why zoysia grasses can be found in golf courses instead of St. Augustines—zoysias are generally more durable. This grass has a fine, soft texture and can be left unmown as it only grows to a height of 6–12 inches (15–30 cm). It is a Medium Bladed. Pictured above from left to right: Innovation Zoysia and CitraBlue St. Augustine. I have both. Most of the grass in the shaded sections of the yard is dead, and so I was thinking of putting new sod in. It should be known that St. Augustines are the most shade tolerant warm season turfgrass varieties available. Palmetto St. Augustine is the most shade tolerant of the St Augustine varieties. For more general information on the seasonal maintenance required, check out our Zoysia Homeowner Maintenance Guide and St. Augustine Homeowner Maintenance Guide. Learn warm season grass identification and grass care. Call 281-431-7441 for answers to your questions and a quick quote for your project. Each product is labeled with application instructions to treat certain turfgrass diseases. There are three main types of soil: sandy, clay and loamy soil. Drought Tolerant. Zoysias typically rank higher in wear tolerance and injury recovery than St. Augustines. Zoysia and St. Augustine can perform well in a wide range of soil types and climates, but there are soil types that they perform better in than others. Highlander II Fescue Grass with Ryegrass Seed – 50 lbs. Hope this helps some. St. Augustine grass is generally regarded as one of the most shade-tolerant species of grass available to home owners, and grows healthily in shady areas that would be unsuitable for many other species of grass. This helps you will have success with a wider variety of site and soil conditions. As previously stated, this blog discusses zoysia and St. Augustine comparisons from a generic perspective. This particular Sod University blog focuses on the generic differences between zoysia and St. Augustine grasses. Be sure to take a look at a few related Sod University blogs on Collecting and Submitting a Soil Analysis and Why Use Lawnifi Fertilizer?. The Palisade Zoysia seems to do real well with homeowners. You need to dethatch it every … And it’s got some shade … While planting seeded cultivars of zoysiagrass is cheaper than buying and planting plugs, they generally do not perform as well. There are also outliers like Palmetto, a semi-dwarf St. Augustine, which should be mowed at a height of 1.5–2.5 inches. Zoysia Comparison Zoysia vs Fescue required, check out the LawnifiTM liquid fertilizer for your grass type Aug Front. The different types of soil profiles so mixing Zoysia with a smooth feel Sod University blog on. Zoysia is far slower to grow and fill up the lawn compared to turfgrass. 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