1893. Compositae---Parts Used---Leaves, milky juice. Sonchus is from the Greek word σονχος (sonchos), used by botanists for the sow-thistle; oleraceus is a Latin adjective meaning ‘vegetable’. Nevertheless, the scope of S. oleraceus use . The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees, flies. Sonchus oleraceus L. 1753. pronounced: SON-kuss awl-ur-RAY-see-us (Asteraceae — the daisy family)common names: sow thistle, milk thistle. Lower leaves are petiolate, while upper ones are amplexicaul. Steaming can remove the bitterness of older leaves. Sonchus oleraceus has a variety of uses in herbalism. Gemüse-Gänsedistelsalat mit Zwiebeln, Tomaten, Knoblauch, Gurken und Möhren, Pflanzenbild der Gänsedistel im Wiener Dioskurides (um 512), Steckbrief und Verbreitungskarte für Bayern, Gänsedistel Datenblatt mit Bestimmungsschlüssel und Fotos bei, https://de.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Gemüse-Gänsedistel&oldid=201859648, „Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike“. The pale yellow flowers are similar to dandelion heads and wither to form a conical top with tufty seeds. Sonchus oleraceus is an annual herb, upto 4 ft. in height. 1753. Sonchus oleraceus biotypes resistant to simazine were identified by chlorophyll fluorescence analysis of intact leaves. This plant has no children Legal Status. [Sonchus oleraceus] are best and when the leaves are not bitter. coat the leaves. This is one of the species used in Chinese cuisine as kŭcài 苦菜; lit. [2], Diese Art ist als Kulturbegleiter in der gemäßigten Zone weltweit und fast in ganz Europa verbreitet. Nutritional analysis reveals 30 – 40 mg of vitamin C per 100g, 1.2% protein, 0.3% fat, 2.4% carbohydrate. [citation needed] The younger leaves are less bitter and better to eat raw. [7] The early Māori people of New Zealand are likely to have gathered it for food and medical use. Sonchus oleraceus has soft, thin leaves and wrinkled achenes, with ribs but without hooks. Sow Thistle is one of my favorite greens when collected from a young plant growing in partial shade. (A) Terminal yellow flower head, (B) Involucral scales exposing the maturing achenes, (C) Basal caudical leaves with large terminal lobes, (D) Erect sparsely branched stems. 1893. Journal of J ilin . Its specific epithet oleraceus means "vegetable/herbal". 2007; Singh 2010). Weitere Namen sind Kohl-Gänsedistel oder Gewöhnliche Gänsedistel. Leaves are lanceolate to oblanceolate in shape, hairless and dark green in color with pale white to purple veins. The leaves of perennial sowthistle are also not as deeply lobed as annual sow-thistle. leaves of Sonchus oleraceus, including alkaloids, flavonoids, tannins, terpenes, steroids and phenols (Y in et al. Die zygomorphen Einzelblüten sind hellgelb. It can be distinguished from Sonchus asper and Sonchus hydrophilus in that they both have stiff and leathery leaves, mostly smooth achenes (fruit) with ribs that are scabrous (rough to the touch) or with hairs. Heads 15 x 8 mm, few, in panicled cymes; bracts 10 x 1.5 mm, 3-seriate, oblong, obtuse. The main difference between the two is that the annual sow thistle has much smaller flowers (less than 2.5 cm across) than the perennial sow thistle. In den Allgäuer Alpen steigt sie in Vorarlberg auf der Körberalpe am Kalbelesee sogar bis zu 1665 m Meereshöhe auf. Both plants are edible. Leaves are hairless somewhat bluish green. Publication Author Hedrick. It has a short taproot, and deeply lobed leaves. Stems are five angled and hollow and dark-green in color and emit a milky sap when cut. Efloraofindia is the largest Google e-group in the world in this field & largest nature related in India devoted to creating awareness, helping in identification etc. Sonchus oleraceus L. – common sowthistle Subordinate Taxa. hare's thistle. Die kahle Hülle misst 10 bis 15 mm und ist nicht drüsig. Prickly sowthistle - Sonchus asper- has prickles at the margin of the leaves. U. P. Publisher Dover Publications Year 1972 … Sie wird roh als Bestandteil verschiedener Salate gegessen. integrifolius Wallroth 1822. The “toothed” leaves of the Common Sow Thistle (Sonchus). ), Family: N.O. Sonchus oleraceus is a BIENNIAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in). Sie kam ursprünglich in den gemäßigten Zonen Eurasiens und in Nordafrika vor. Sonchus is from the Greek word σονχος (sonchos), used by botanists for the sow-thistle; oleraceus is a Latin adjective meaning ‘vegetable’. Title Sturtevant's Edible Plants of the World. It also has been ascribed medicinal qualities similar to dandelion and succory. The taproot is upright with many branches, especially near the soil surface. Bei feuchtem Wetter biegen sich die äußeren Blüten über die inneren. All are characterized by soft, somewhat irregularly lobed leaves that clasp the stem and, at least initially, form a basal rosette. Prickly sowthistle - Sonchus asper- has prickles at the margin of the leaves. pualele. hare's colwort. coat the leaves. Sonchus oleraceushas hollow stems that exude latex, if damaged. Rosette leaves alternate, egg-shaped, with toothed margins. The perennial sow thistle (Sonchus arvensis) is often confused with the annual sow thistle (Sonchus oleraceus). Most of the species are annual herbs, but a few are perennial and a few are even woody. Share. S. oleraceus is very similar to other members of the Sonchus genus. Leaves ± lyrate-pinnatifid, 6–35 cm long, 3–12 cm wide, margins entire to pinnatifid, with a broad ± heart-shaped or triangular terminal lobe, apex obtuse or acute, margins toothed, usually with acute auricles, lamina thin and soft; lower leaves with a long petiole-like base. Efloraofindia is the largest Google e-group in the world in this field & largest nature related in India devoted to creating awareness, helping in identification etc. Es sind nur Zungenblüten vorhanden. Sonchus oleraceus. I am looking that up now on the E-Flora BC Atlas Page. ex DC. Stir thoroughly to. [15], Native Americans had many uses for this plant. Status. Sonchus oleraceus forma lacerus Sonchus oleraceus Linnaeus, forma lacerus (Willdenow) Beck, Fl. [13] The younger roots are also edible and can suffice as a coffee substitute.[14]. Flowering plant Photograph by: Fagg, M. Image credit to Australian … may be bitter to the taste requiring some preparatory boiling. [3], Als Standort bevorzugt die Ruderalpflanze Unkrautfluren an Wegrändern, Schuttplätze, Gärten und Äcker. Stem below synflorescence simple or branched, glabrous. Sonchus oleraceus L. APNI* Description: Annual herb, 30–110 cm high, with taproot and fibrous roots. Native sowthistle-Sonchus hydropjillus- is visually more indented but no sharp prickles. Sonchus oleraceus L. (Common Sowthistle) Prickly Sowthistle ( Sonchus asper ) and Common Sowthistle ( Sonchus oleraceus ) have many similar features and are sometimes very confusing for identity. Sonchus viridis Zenari. Mit Früchten als Schirmchenfliegern werden Sinkgeschwindigkeiten von 29 cm/s und damit Flugweiten von über zehn km möglich, daneben erfolgt Wasserhaftausbreitung.[1]. swinies. Title Sturtevant's Edible Plants of the World. … Leaves. Die Stängelblätter sind weich und blaugrün, ihre Form ist buchtig-fiederschnittig und am Rand weichborstig gezähnt. [3] Inzwischen ist sie ein Neophyt in Nord-, Mittel- und Südamerika, im tropischen und südlichen Afrika, im tropischen Asien, auf der Arabischen Halbinsel, in Australien und Neuseeland, auf den Azoren, Kapverden und auf Inseln in der Karibik, im Pazifik und im Indischen Ozean. In 2017, I was able to grow Sonchus kirkii, the original perennial sow thistle (puha or rauriki), an important traditional vegetable of the Maori which I’d long wanted to try. Sowthistle-Sonchus olearceus- leaves are bigger, wider and lack pricks and indentation (tooth-like margins). Sonchus arvensis: The bluish-green color of the leaves, the very prickly margins of the leaves that initially develop as a basal rosette and then occur alternately along the flowering stem, and the yellow flowers with a 'puff-ball' seedhead are all characteristics that help in the identification of annual sowthistle. . The leaves of spiny annual sow-thistle also look and feel extremely waxy. may be bitter to the taste requiring some preparatory boiling. Die einjährige krautige Pflanze erreicht Wuchshöhen zwischen 30 und 100 cm. Sonchus oleraceus is a common garden weed producing many small light seeds that disperse readily by wind and water, often for long distances. Herbs 40-150 cm tall, annual or sometimes biennial. It is native to the Mediterranean region, but has been introduced worldwide. MaltaWildPlants.com is an internet online database of the wild plants growing on the islands of Malta and Gozo. Sonchus oleraceus L. (Common Sowthistle) Prickly Sowthistle ( Sonchus asper ) and Common Sowthistle ( Sonchus oleraceus ) have many similar features and are sometimes very confusing for identity. Manfred A. Fischer, Wolfgang Adler, Karl Oswald: Diese Seite wurde zuletzt am 14. U. P. Publisher Dover Publications … Unfortunately, I didn’t manage to overwinter it. Leaf dry weight analysis per 100g (likely to vary with growing conditions) shows: 45g Carbohydrate, 28g protein, 22g ash, 5.9g fibre, 4.5g fat; in all, providing 265 calories. Lower leaves are up to 10 inches long and 3½ inches wide, more spatula shaped with deeper lobes. Flowering stems erect, sulcate, hollow, often glaucous and tinged red or purple, glabrous or sometimes glandular at the uppermost nodes, unbranched or weakly branched. Tag Archives: Sonchus oleraceus. Sonchus oleraceus (Common sow thistle), Sonchus asper (Prickly sow thistle), Sonchus arvensis (Field sow thistle) Sonchus kirkii (New Zealand sow thistle) Sow thistle is commonly found in crops, gardens and waste areas. Both have greyish-green spiny leaves that clasp the stem, both have branched flower-stems subtended by a bract, and both species have flowers with pale yellow ligules. Sonchus oleraceus L. Accepted name Common sowthistle Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Asterales > Asteraceae > Sonchus > Sonchus oleraceus L. 0. Juli 2020 um 07:40 Uhr bearbeitet. Sie gilt mit ihrer bis in mehr als 1 Meter Tiefe vordringenden Wurzel als Pionierpflanze. Sie ist in Mitteleuropa eine Chenopodietea-Klassencharakterart mit Schwerpunkt in Gesellschaften des Sisymbrion. Sonchus umbellatus E.Mey. Sie ist bis in Höhenlagen von 1500 m NN anzutreffen. Sonchus oleraceus has short taproot and deeply lobed leaves. Name also: Smooth Sow Thistle, Annual Sow Thistle, Hare’s Colwort, Hare’s Thistle, Milky Tassel, Swinies, Milk-thistle, Sow-thistle, Common Sowthistle ; Family: Daisy Family – Compositae, subfamily Cichorioideae (formerly Chicory Family – Cichoriaceae) Growing form: Annual herb. A slightly toothed margin with a wide hastate terminal lobe, auricled and amplexicaule at ;... Meereshöhe auf E-Flora BC Atlas Page at the margin of the species is hermaphrodite ( has both male female! 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