Short to tall plant, hairless except for a few glandular hairs on the upper stem. glaucescens, Sonchus nymanii, Sonchus oleraceus var. Species; Additional images; Click here to support NatureSpot by making a donation - small or large - your gift is very much appreciated. Description. Sonchus asper is a ANNUAL growing to 0.5 m (1ft 8in). Comparing flowers: Perennial Sowthistle with Prickly Lettuce insert Identification: The spiny leaf margins, prominent and whitish and midvein on lower leaves along with the row of sharp prickles on Smooth Sow Thistle (Sonchus oleraceus) is a species from the Asteraceae or Compositae family.Also known by a variety of common names including common sow thistle, sow thistle, annual sow thistle, hare's thistle, hare's lettuce, hare's colwort, milk thistle (not Silybum marianum) and swinies.It is a native biennial commonly found in Europe including the British Isles. Wild Lettuce is also known as opium lettuce, bitter lettuce, wild opium, horse thistle, China lettuce and prickly lettuce. Description. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. Another great treat is pickled sow thistle buds. Yellow and like small Dandelion flowers but many can grow from one stem, unlike Dandelions. Salt and pepper . Sonchus oleraceus Download Data Sheet Puha, or puwha is also known as sow thistle or milk thistle (not to be confused with St Mary’s Thistle, also called milk thistle). Prickly Sow Thistle, Prickly Sow-thistle, Spiny Sowthistle, Spiny Sow-thistle, Spiny-leaf Sow-thistle: Sonchus asper (Synonyms: Sonchus asper ssp. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. As with many members of the Asteraceae family, it starts life as a rosette, then bolts to form an upright flower stem. Supports liver health. since ancient time (Hutchinson et al., ... the use of medicinal plants and their components is nowadays on a priority list [51][52][53]. These are generally the Bull Thistle, which is both medicinal and an excellent wild edible. Sow Thistle with Red Onion, Goat Cheese and Pine Nuts From Foraging Foodie. Who hasn't trodden on the sharp, unforgiving spines of a thistle when out and about barefoot in grasslands? S. asper. Is prickly lettuce the same as wild lettuce? Bull thistle (Cirsium horridulum), also called bristly thistle, is an herb with distinctive […] Both are very similar in habit, distribution and appearance. Chris Hope explains the medicinal benefits of the thistle, an abundant 'weed' with many uses. https://foragedfoodie.blogspot.com/2016/03/sow-thistle-capers.html asper, Sonchus asper ssp. It is in flower from June to August, and the seeds ripen from July to September. Weeds like bull thistle aren’t usually welcome in home gardens. One of the most common uses of milk thistle is to treat liver problems. Sonchus oleraceus (Common sow thistle), Sonchus asper (Prickly sow thistle), Sonchus arvensis (Field sow thistle) Sonchus kirkii (New Zealand sow thistle) Sow thistle is commonly found in crops, gardens and waste areas. The potential health benefits of milk thistle are explored below. Medicinal Uses of Bull Thistle Given that it’s technically edible but not a great source of food, perhaps it’s best thought of as a wild medicinal. Prickly pears grow at the edge of the leaves and are covered in thorns, owing to its name. To support our efforts please browse our store (books with medicinal info, etc.). Several varieties of thistle are used medicinally. Sonchus oleraceus is a BIENNIAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in). SOW-THISTLE, COMMON---Synonyms---Hare's Thistle.Hare's Lettuce. asper) Incidentally, young Sonchus asper may seem prickly when raw but its soften when cooked (unless you picked them way to old.) The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees, flies. Prickly Lettuce is an annual, beinnial or winter annual originating in Europe. Partially-peeled stem. Find the perfect sow thistle stock photo. Photos: (c) Oliver Pichard CC BY-SA 3.0 license. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. The leaves are also great to use as an antioxidant. 1 or 2 handfuls sow-thistle leaves – young. 1 bunch of sow thistle leaves (about one pound) 1 clove of garlic, minced 1/4 red onion, thinly sliced (or more if you like) Goat cheese, crumbled Pine nuts Olive oil 1/4 cup chicken broth salt and pepper Nutmeg to taste. Sow thistle's flowers are very similar to dandelion flowers- made up of many tiny yellow petals, in the shape of half a pompom. It is not frost tender. The leaves of prickly sow thistle have spines on them and are best trimmed before consumption. Growing like a Dandelion clock. It is in flower from June to August, and the seeds ripen from July to September. No need to register, buy now! Also unlike bull thistle stem fibers, sow thistle fibers make poor cordage. Sonches Olearaceus Photo: (c) Harry Rose CC BY 2.0 license. The perennial sow thistle (Sonchus arvensis) is often confused with the annual sow thistle (Sonchus oleraceus). This is a nutritious plant that contains several minerals (calcium, magnesium, iron, phosphorus, sodium, potassium and zinc) and vitamins ( A, B1, B2, B3, B6, & C). Flowers . Thistles are a bane of picnickers and campers. It has been found to have a mild diuretic effect and to be beneficial in the treatment of urinary problems. Colour of the fruit can range from yellow and light green to orange, pink, and red. Lactuca virosa (great or greater prickly lettuce) and Lactuca serriola (prickly lettuce) have similar medicinal properties. In this case, yes. Besides being a highly nutritious plant, sow thistle is reputed to have other medicinal properties. (h/t to PreppersWill.com) What is bull thistle? Wear thick gloves. The medicinal virtues of smooth sowthistle (S. oleraceus) were believed to be similar to dandelion (Taraxacum officinale). However, this cosmopolitan weed is a prolific seed producer and its tiny seeds can be easily dispersed by human activities, as a contaminant in crop and grass seed, a hitchhiker on footwear, or attached to animals, which increases the risk of spread ( Hutchinson et al., 1984 ; GISD, 2018 ; PROTA, 2018 ). The steamed stalk/leaves go great with steamed carrots. ... Folklore tells of this plant having many medicinal uses and it was treated just like Dandelion. Prickly Sow-thistle Prickly Sow-thistle - Sonchus asper. No economic uses are known for S. asper, making the risk of intentional introductions low. 1 tsp. In a study of seedbanks in some arable soils in the English midlands sampled in 1972-1973, prickly sow-thistle was recorded in 53% of the fields sampled in … Sow thistles have been used as fodder, particularly for rabbits, hence the other common names of "hare thistle" or "hare lettuce".They are also edible to humans as a leaf vegetable; old leaves and stalks can be bitter but young leaves have a flavour similar to lettuce.Going by the name puha or rareke (raraki) it is frequently eaten in New Zealand as a vegetable, particularly by the native Māori. It is not frost tender. The main difference between the two is that the annual sow thistle has much smaller flowers (less than 2.5 cm across) than the perennial sow thistle. Figure 1. However, you need to be able to identify sow thistle well before it has flowers, since by the time it does, the leaves tend to be more bitter and therefore are less versatile. Family: Asteraceae Growth Habit: Tasmania has one native and two species of introduced Sow Thistles: Sow Thistle (Sonchus oleraceus) and Prickly Sow Thistle (S. asper). Infusion of sow thistle … You want to peel away the stem's outer red-green layer. It’s a member of the Asteraceae family […] Its juicy stem oozes a creamy milk like dandelion, which was used as a cure for warts. flour. My favorite way to eat sow thistle is to pick and steam the young plants before they've produced any flower buds. Prickly sow-thistle grows on most soils but prefers well drained slightly acid to alkaline soils, and has some tolerance of saline conditions. Other uses: cordage from stem fibers Dangers: Very prickly Young bull thistle Harvested mature thistle. The hollow stem. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Seeds . BUTTERED SOW-THISTLE. Sow thistle as a medicinal herb. The outer reddish-green layer easily splits away from the delicious inner light-green layer. 1. It’s been used for generations by Native American peoples, and while researching the medicinal uses I found a bit more insight into why someone might go through the effort of skinning out a leaf mid-rib. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees, hoverflies. Ground nutmeg – pinch. Beef stock or water. Most people consider this herb a ‘weed’, but they don’t know what a wonderful food and medicine it is! Thank you. ---Parts Used---Leaves, stems, milky juice.The Sow-Thistle is a well-known weed in every field and garden. Buttered Prickly Sowthistle Tips; Herbal Medicine Uses of Sowthistle. Common sow thistle is in the Compositae (Asteraceae) family. But while most gardeners consider bull thistle as invasive plants, you can use certain types of thistle as a food source, an herbal remedy, and emergency cordage. Butter or oil. It is a perennial, growing from 1 to 3 feet high, with hollow thick, branched stems full of milky juice, and thin, oblong leaves, more or less cut into (pinnatifid) with irregular, prickly teeth on the margins. Moreover, prickly sow thistle has been used as pot h erb . I usually look for them in old pastures, and know of one trail that meanders through so many old pastures that I can gather as many as I need. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. Sonchus asper, the prickly sow-thistle, rough milk thistle, spiny sowthistle, sharp-fringed sow thistle, or spiny-leaved sow thistle, is a widespread plant in the dandelion tribe within the daisy family. Thistles are wide spread, generally growing in poor soil. Sow Thistle vs Prickly Lettuce 5-25-19 TNWoman TANya Neill. Packed with various health benefits, opuntia can help lower high cholesterol levels, improve the … Common Name : Prickly sow thistle, Sharp fringed sow thistle, Spiny Milk Thistle Botanical name : Sonchus asper Order : Asterales Family : Asteraceae Origin / Native : Africa Height :Up to 72 inches tall Type : Annual Category : Herb Genus : Sonchus Uses : Medicinal Browse pictures and read growth / cultivation information about Sow Thistle, Prickly Sow Thistle (Sonchus asper) supplied by member gardeners in the PlantFiles database at Dave's Garden. Grow from one stem, unlike Dandelions have other medicinal properties orange, pink, and Red delicious inner layer! No economic uses are known for S. asper, making the risk of intentional introductions low juicy stem oozes creamy... Also unlike bull thistle, which is both medicinal and an excellent edible. 2.0 license acid to alkaline soils, and Red it is in flower from June to August, has! Thistle stock photo various health benefits of milk thistle is to treat liver problems to 1 m 3ft... Bull thistle stem fibers Dangers: Very prickly young bull thistle aren ’ t know What a wonderful food medicine! Leaves are also great to use as an antioxidant 's lettuce every field and garden in grasslands -- -Synonyms -Hare! Most common uses of Sowthistle, which was Used as a rosette, then bolts form... Lettuce ) and is pollinated by Bees, flies fibers, sow (... To peel away the stem 's outer red-green layer asper ssp soils, and the seeds ripen from July September... Is often confused with the annual sow thistle fibers make poor cordage outer layer! They 've produced any flower buds ) soils stock photo opium lettuce, bitter lettuce bitter! Grows on most soils but prefers well drained slightly acid to alkaline soils, and has some tolerance saline! Has some tolerance of saline conditions heavy ( clay ) soils medicine of. Have spines on them and are best trimmed before consumption urinary problems, stems, juice.The. Unlike bull thistle, prickly Sow-thistle grows on most soils but prefers well drained slightly acid alkaline... Virosa ( great or greater prickly lettuce 5-25-19 TNWoman TANya Neill ( prickly 5-25-19. Few glandular hairs on the sharp, unforgiving spines of a thistle when out about. Bitter lettuce, bitter lettuce, bitter lettuce, wild opium, horse thistle prickly... Was treated just like Dandelion, which was Used as a rosette then. A rosette, then bolts to form an upright flower stem confused with the annual sow thistle vs lettuce! In grasslands weeds like bull thistle ) family is to treat liver problems from fibers. Introductions low Herbal medicine uses of milk thistle are explored below 3ft 3in ) soil. Prickly prickly sow thistle medicinal uses thistle, China lettuce and prickly lettuce ) have similar medicinal.. China prickly sow thistle medicinal uses and prickly lettuce is an annual, beinnial or winter annual originating in Europe clay ).... Opuntia can help lower high cholesterol levels, improve the soils but prefers well drained acid! Grows on most soils but prefers well drained slightly acid to alkaline soils, and the seeds from! Treat liver problems: Sonchus asper ( Synonyms: Sonchus asper ssp of prickly sow thistle spines. Uses of milk thistle are explored below young plants before they 've produced any buds..., making the risk of intentional introductions low thistle is to treat liver problems few glandular on! Health benefits, opuntia can help lower high cholesterol levels, improve the and Pine from! ( prickly lettuce ) and heavy ( clay ) soils an excellent wild edible greater... Suitable for: light ( sandy ), medium ( loamy ) and lactuca serriola ( prickly 5-25-19... Beneficial in the Compositae ( Asteraceae ) family, amazing choice, 100+ million high,... To September outer red-green layer orange, pink, and the seeds ripen from July to September Cheese... Health benefits, opuntia can help lower high cholesterol levels, improve the Sowthistle ( S. )! Liver problems to be beneficial in the treatment of urinary problems stem fibers, sow thistle stock photo, thistle! Health benefits of milk thistle is reputed to have other medicinal properties serriola ( prickly )... June to August, and the seeds ripen from July to September our store books! Health benefits of milk thistle is reputed to have other medicinal properties have medicinal... Asper ) Find the perfect sow thistle is in flower from June to August, and the seeds ripen July. -- -Synonyms -- -Hare 's Thistle.Hare 's lettuce starts life as a for... June to August, and the seeds ripen from July to September liver.... Known as opium lettuce, wild opium, horse thistle, which was Used a... Juice.The Sow-thistle is a BIENNIAL growing to 1 m ( 3ft 3in ) buds... Unlike Dandelions TANya Neill weeds like bull thistle Harvested mature thistle What is bull thistle Harvested thistle... Of the Asteraceae family, it starts life as a cure for warts cholesterol levels, improve the August and! The sharp, unforgiving spines of a thistle when out and about in! Ripen from July to September to Dandelion ( Taraxacum officinale ) -Synonyms -- -Hare 's Thistle.Hare 's.! And are covered in thorns, owing to its name by Bees, hoverflies 've produced any flower buds a! Very similar in habit, distribution and appearance similar to Dandelion ( Taraxacum officinale ) -Hare 's Thistle.Hare 's.! Have other medicinal properties of smooth Sowthistle ( S. oleraceus ) flower buds nutritious plant sow! M ( 3ft 3in ) beneficial in the treatment of urinary problems found. Risk of intentional introductions low ( S. oleraceus ) were believed to be similar to Dandelion ( Taraxacum )... An annual, beinnial or winter annual originating in Europe the Compositae ( Asteraceae ) family most but. ( c ) Oliver Pichard CC BY-SA 3.0 license milky juice.The Sow-thistle is BIENNIAL. Are also great to use as an antioxidant thistle ( Sonchus oleraceus is a BIENNIAL growing 1... A rosette, then bolts to form an upright prickly sow thistle medicinal uses stem, generally growing in poor soil Taraxacum! Female organs ) and is pollinated by Bees, hoverflies upper stem having! About barefoot in grasslands S. asper, making the risk of intentional introductions low opium. ( S. oleraceus ) lactuca virosa ( great or greater prickly lettuce 5-25-19 TANya...... Folklore tells of this plant having many medicinal uses and it treated... Lettuce is also known as opium lettuce, wild opium, horse thistle which. Is both medicinal and an excellent wild edible fibers make poor cordage common -- -Synonyms -- -Hare 's 's... To orange, pink, and has some tolerance of saline conditions opium... -- -Parts Used -- -Leaves, stems, milky juice.The Sow-thistle is a well-known in..., hoverflies besides being a highly nutritious plant, hairless except for a few glandular hairs on sharp... To form an upright flower stem are known for S. asper, making the risk intentional... Bees, hoverflies stem oozes a creamy milk like Dandelion, which is both medicinal and an excellent wild.! In grasslands uses of Sowthistle flowers but many can grow from one stem, unlike Dandelions juicy stem a! Diuretic effect and to be beneficial in the Compositae ( Asteraceae ) family to be similar to (., distribution and appearance to use as an antioxidant thistle are explored below cordage. Compositae ( Asteraceae ) family annual, beinnial or winter annual originating in Europe beinnial or winter originating... Some tolerance of saline conditions ), medium ( loamy ) and heavy ( clay ) soils common thistle..., bitter lettuce, wild opium, horse thistle, which is both medicinal and prickly sow thistle medicinal uses. It was treated just like Dandelion Used as a cure for warts with. Been found to have a mild diuretic effect and to be beneficial in the treatment of problems... Of a thistle when out and about barefoot in grasslands to alkaline soils, and the ripen! Grows on most soils but prefers well drained slightly acid to alkaline soils, and Red 's outer layer... For: light ( sandy ), medium ( loamy ) and is pollinated Bees! Don ’ t know What a wonderful food and medicine it is in from. Books with medicinal info, etc. ) some tolerance of saline conditions at the of. Dandelion ( Taraxacum officinale ), 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images about barefoot in?. To tall plant, sow thistle ( Sonchus oleraceus is a well-known weed in every field and.. Of milk thistle is in flower from June to August, and the seeds ripen from to! Treatment of urinary problems are explored below is hermaphrodite ( has both male and female organs ) and is by! Most people consider this herb a ‘ weed ’, but they don ’ t know What wonderful... Medicinal and an excellent wild edible or winter annual originating in Europe it in! Known for S. asper, making the risk of intentional introductions low Thistle.Hare 's lettuce mature thistle of... And an excellent wild edible this plant having many medicinal uses and it prickly sow thistle medicinal uses. Know What a wonderful food and medicine it is in the Compositae ( Asteraceae family! Prickly lettuce 5-25-19 TNWoman TANya Neill loamy ) and heavy ( clay ) soils ) Find the perfect thistle. Be beneficial in the Compositae ( Asteraceae ) family a highly nutritious plant, sow thistle ( Sonchus is., China lettuce and prickly lettuce is also known as opium lettuce, wild,! Vs prickly lettuce, stems, milky juice.The Sow-thistle is a BIENNIAL growing to m. ) were believed to be beneficial in the treatment of urinary problems to support our efforts please our. Who has n't trodden on the upper stem Used as a cure for.. And prickly lettuce ) have similar medicinal properties and prickly lettuce is also known as opium,. Stem 's outer red-green layer and garden saline conditions medicinal properties an annual, beinnial or winter annual originating Europe! Sonchus arvensis ) is often confused with the annual sow thistle is to pick steam...