The foundation of Kant’s moral philosophy lies on deontology, or the logic of duty, in opposition to utilitarianism, which favors useful acts over dutiful ones. According to him, the morality of an action is not based on its consequences. Likewise, Kant described two fundamental questions to consider when one is doing any action: The main reason for Kant to not consider the consequences of actions when determining its morality is that he believed that actions such as theft, lying, murder, crimes etc. 2009, Available here. • On the other hand, Kantianism says that the end does not justify means. Utilitarianism is that the goodness or rightness of an ethic in question, depends on the desirability of its consequences. These are associated with morality. Title: Kant Vs. Utilitarianism. 3. Utilitarianism is considered one of the most powerful approaches to normative ethics in philosophy. However, under utilitarianism, lying is OK if it brings pleasure and happiness to most of the people. Thus, this article looks at this difference between Kantianism and Utilitarianism. The worth of any human action depends upon its utility or value. Utilitarianism makes ethical decisions based on the results that the action will cause. The main difference between virtue ethics utilitarianism is that virtue ethics focuses on the person carrying out an action, whereas utilitarianism focuses on the consequences of the action.. Virtue ethics and utilitarianism are moral and ethical theories that have the ability to determine the rightness or wrongness of an action. Vleeschauwer, Herman Jean de. I will be focusing on just two of the theories that we’ve covered: the Kantian perspective and the Utilitarian perspective. Kantianism … Essay Details: Subject: Philosophy. Kantianism vs Utilitarianism • Attitude towards what is right or wrong is what constitutes the basic difference between utilitarianism and Kantianism. “Kantian Ethics. Kantianism is the ethical theory put forward by the German philosopher Immanuel Kant (1724-1804) in the 18th century. • Attitude towards what is right or wrong is what constitutes the basic difference between utilitarianism and Kantianism. • Modern democracies are all about utilitarianism as they aim to bring the greatest amount of happiness to the greatest number of people. However, these two diverge in their focus. Kantianism … Kant postulated this theory to give ethical guidelines to people when making ethical decisions or actions. Utilitarianism vs. Kant Through the readings we have done and in class, we have discussed the moral status of many different actions using the guidelines of different moral theories. 6. The main difference between Kantianism and Utilitarianism is that Kantianism is a deontological theory while utilitarianism is a teleological theory. Immanuel Kant is a firm believer that every person has…show more content… Utilitarian’s believe that under certain circumstances an abortion could be justified. “947574” (CC0) via Pixabay. One principle lies at the heart of both utilitarianism and absolutism. utilitarianism have made clear,22 any possible utilitarianism is some combination of (i) a doctrine of the end-state to be realized, that is, a condition or state of affairs deemed to have There are many similarities between utilitarianism and Kantianism that confuse some people. Length: 4 / 1052. Filed Under: People Tagged With: Kant, Kantianism, Utilitarianism. Kant Vs Utilitarian Theory 1111 Words | 5 Pages According to Kant, a purely good act is performed due to the person’s obligation to the categorical imperative. Kantian moral theory believes that in order for people to act morally, people’s actions need to follow consistency, reasons, and fairness (Shafer- … This philosophy focuses on duty which is why it is termed deontological that comes from Greek obligation or duty. Utilitarianism Vs Kant. Doing the right thing means to follow proper rules of behavior and, by doing so, promoting fairness and equality. Utilitarianism requires too much concentration on individual aspects of what the greatest happiness is and basing moral standards around them. Upen, BA (Honours) in Languages and Linguistics, has academic experiences and knowledge on international relations and politics. Utilitarianism vs. Kantianism According to Thiroux and Krasemann (2012), utilitarianism is, “a normative ethical theory originally established by Jeremy Bentham and John Stuart Mill that advocates brining about good consequences or happiness to all concerned” (pp. 5. In my opinion, both Mill’s utilitarianism theory and Kant’s theory of deontology can be superior depending on the situation. “John Stuart Mill by London Stereoscopic Company, c1870” By London Stereoscopic Company – Hulton Archive (Public Domain) via Commons Wikimedia3. Utilitarianism is based on the principle of utility, which emphasizes on the idea of being more useful and beneficial for a majority. DEONTOLOGY vs UTILITARIANISM The theory of deontology is derived from the writings of German philosopher Immanuel Kant (1724-1804). 2. 451). What is Utilitarianism      – Definition, Theory, Characteristics 3. Show More. Both Kantianism and utilitarianism are ethical theories that express the ethical standard of an action. Her academic interests are English language, European and Oriental Languages, Internal Affairs and International Politics, and Psychology. Kant discusses that the mentioned human reason should be devoid of the influence of desires or emotions. Hence, this is another difference between Kantianism and Utilitarianism. The main difference between Kantianism and Utilitarianism is that Kantianism is a deontological moral theory whereas utilitarianism is a teleological moral theory. Pecorino, Philip A. Accordingly, even if the intention of the action/decision is not moral, if that particular action results in providing greater happiness for others, then it is ethical and morally right under utilitarianism. Thus, this is the fundamental difference between Kantianism and Utilitarianism. We do not, and may never, know just what particular rules would maximize expected aggregate utility, and the relevant Kantian perspective is not a fully determinate decision procedure. 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