Female: Cow - 550 to 700 kg. Palea chartaceous (papery). Herbivorous. Log In. Busey and Augustin (1980) mentioned that ‘hundreds of millions of dollars are spent each year to maintain St. Augustinegrass [S. secundatum]’ in home lawns and other turf areas. Region: Sun/Shade: Native: Introduced. The leaf sheath and leaves are hairy on the margins. Other names (PBR name, trademark, breeder code) Common buffalograss has been used to identfy a range of "common" or older varieties or genotypes of buffalograss. Lower glume apex obtuse. Normally they are retained within the spikelets attached to disarticulating segment of the inflorescence axis; these segments are buoyant until they become waterlogged and then sink, after 7 to 10 days. India Biodiversity Portal. Healy AJ, 1969. The PLANTS Database. Trailing stems at the edge of infestations (along footpaths or roadsides, for example) can be pulled out (PIER, 2013). Florets: basal sterile florets male; with palea. 11 to 12 months. Broadleaf carpet grass. The swards take time to recover if grazed too closely, and mature herbage quickly becomes unpalatable, although it is fairly palatable when young. Axonopus compressus. Feedipedia, a programme by INRAE, CIRAD, AFZ and FAO. Weed control by sheep grazing under plantation tree crop. FAO, Rome, Italy, Lim Han Kuo, 1967. Originating in the United States on the prairies of the Western Plains, it was given the name “Buffalo Grass” because it grew under the feet of millions of American bison, often referred to as buffalo. Buffalo grass, T-grass, carabao grass, sour grass, sour paspalum, cow grass [English]; herbe sure, herbe créole [French]; capim azedo, capim de marreca, capim gordo, capim tê, grama azeda, grama comum [Portuguese]; cañamazo amargo, cambute, pasto amargo [Spanish]. Leaf-blade apex obtuse. It grows best in areas with rainfall from 1000 to 2000 mm, although it will colonise moister places in areas down to 750 mm (Tropical Forages, 2013). Sauer (1972) revised the genus and described the seven species in detail, along with their distribution and history. http://plants.usda.gov/. Delivering Alien Invasive Species Inventories for Europe. Edgar E; Connor HE, 2010. Delivery to your door. S. secundatum is also used as a sand binder or for soil conservation groundcover under trees or near the sea (Mabberley, 1997; Tropical Forages, 2013). 24 (2), 202-222. Slow to establish unless treated with potassium nitrate. Predators. Second edition. It has been introduced to Hong Kong, Singapore, Thailand, Europe, Australia, New Zealand, Pacific islands (Samoa, the Marshall Islands, New Caledonia, Hawaii and Midway), some US states and parts of Africa. This species is often spread to new areas through its cultivation as a lawn and turf grass. Inflorescence is composed of 2, 7-16 cm long, diverging racemes. It is a type of weed with triangular stems and tubers that resemble nuts, hence the name. 10, Coulon, J. Samarakoona SP; Shelton HM; Wilson JR, 1990. Buffalo grass (Stenotaphrum secundatum) is regarded as an environmental weed in Victoria, Western Australia, New South Wales, South Australia and south-eastern Queensland. Kuntze; Preferred Common Name. III, N-Pe. Clayton WD; Vorontsova MS; Harman KT; Williamson H, 2013. Lemma of lower sterile floret ovate; 1 length of spikelet; coriaceous; 7–9 -veined; without grooves; acute. Spikelets are solitary with long white hairs on the edges (FAO, 2010; Ecoport, 2010; Manidool, 1992). The inflorescence of Cats Tail is sometimes used in flower arrangements. ITIS, 2013. B. ; Chazal, M. P. ; Calvez, C., 1983. http://www.europe-aliens.org/. It is a sacred grass of the indigenous peoples of Canada and the United States. secundatum (Walter) Domin, Stenotaphrum glabrum var. Weeds of Australia, Biosecurity Queensland Edition. CABI Data Mining, 2001. Organic matter digestibility for a 25 cm high, fresh forage was 65% (Loosli et al., 1954). Mabberley DJ, 1997. The plant forms a dense turf and thick sod, which early settlers used in the construction of dwellings. http://avh.chah.org.au/. ; however, S. secundatum is a very coarse grass, blue-green in colour, with characteristic broad, flattened seed heads with the spikelets embedded in the main axis. The plant is a perennial native to the Great Plains from Montana to New Mexico. North Bellingen, New South Wales, Australia. Long JA; Bashaw EC, 1961. Pauwels L, 2013. In North America, 70% of Texan types of S. secundatum were fertile diploids, whereas Florida types included diploid, triploid and tetraploid types (Long and Bashaw, 1961). Paspalum longissimum Hochst. It is sometimes planted as an ornamental or lawn grass, though its long winter dormancy … Spikelet packing abaxial. Its moderate nutritive value can be enhanced by combining the species with legumes such as Leucaena leucocephala, Arachis pintoi cv. Enquiries. Growth habit: Warm season grass. The grass spreads by stolons and was first used as a turf grass in the 1930s. S. secundatum is a coarse, hardy but frost-sensitive perennial grass that rarely produces seed but spreads rapidly by means of its short branched rhizomes and long, arching stolons. Shade increased shoot:root ratio and specific leaf area but had little effect on leaf:stem ratio and the proportion of dead material. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a composite list of Weeds of the U.S. The flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis. Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide. In many countries S. secundatum has been introduced as a useful salt-tolerant lawn grass, but has spread due to stolon material in garden waste or by natural spread to many coastal waste places, sand dunes and along roadsides. Baton Rouge, USA: National Plant Data Center. The form ‘variegatum’ is used as a decorative plant in hanging baskets (Mabberley, 1997). Buffalo grass still grows wild on the western prairies of the U.S. and has become a true rags to riches lawn grass variety. Sauer (1972) suggested that the inflorescences of almost all the species of Stenotaphrum show adaptations for dispersal of the seeds by ocean currents. Grassland species profiles. Int., 32 (2): 463-468, FAO, 2010. DOI:10.2307/2805871, Tropical Forages, 2013. Each spikelet is about 2 mm broad (as opposed to the usual 1.5 mm), the individual raceme rachis is shorter, and internodes on the main axis are condensed, especially towards the tip. Common names: Guinea grass (Eng. CABI Compendium: Status inferred from regional distribution. Sir Walter Buffalo vs Sapphire Buffalo. buffalo grass; Other Scientific Names. It contains a haemostatic glucoside (paspaloside) that reduces the time for blood clotting by 50% (FAO, 2010). Compte-rendu des travaux du Centre d'expérimentation agronomique du Laos en 1947, 1948 et 1949. Palatability is higher for buffaloes than for cattle (FAO, 2010). Consolidated list of environmental weeds in New Zealand. Summary. Nutr. Guinea grass). Oxalate content of tropical forage grasses. Leaf-sheaths keeled. [ed. Upper glume apex acute. Other names (PBR name, trademark, breeder code) Buffalo grass (Northern Australia), broadleaf carpet grass, cow grass (Singapore, South-East Asia), tropical carpet grass, carpetgrass. Oléagineux, 38 (10): 541-552, Deshaprabhu, S. B., 1966. Malay. Prescott and Potter (2001) found that air-borne pollen of S. secundatum was an important allergen in Cape Province of South Africa. Buffalo grass: Stenotaphrum secundatum. Sapphire Soft Leaf Buffalo is a certified grass inspected and sold under a rigorous set of guidelines to ensure the utmost purity and quality. Wallingford, UK: CABI, CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Wallingford, UK: CAB International, 548 pp. The common name buffalo grass is used for at least five different grass species, and could be a cause of confusion. Dense forest to open plains. Cart 0 × You have no items in your shopping cart. The wealth of India. Stenotaphrum americanum Schrank; Stenotaphrum americanum SCHRANK Buffalo grass (Paspalum conjugatum P. J. Bergius) is a spreading perennial grass with long creeping stolons rooting at the nodes. Scientific Name; PASA3: Panicum sanguinale L. SYSA2: Syntherisma sanguinalis (L.) Dulac: Classification. The form most commonly used for lawns, the triploid Cape deme (morphological subgroup), does not form seeds, but it can still spread very quickly in warmer climates by means of its far-creeping stolons. Glumes dissimilar; reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Sauer (1972) documented the history of the spread of the species from its initial distribution on both sides of the tropical and sub-tropical Atlantic to many parts of the world. Cultivated and/or Exotic Plants in Central Africa (R.D.Congo - Rwanda - Burundi). J.T. Aldous DE; Chivers IH, 2002. Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk., Honolulu, Hawaii, USA: HEAR, University of Hawaii. According to FAO (2013), S. secundatum can be made into useful silage. Paspalum africanum Poir. Click on a scientific name to access the mapped search results that are currently available for that name in BISON. ); blousaad soetgras (Afr.) DAISIE (online). Paspalum conjugatum P. J. Bergius [Poaceae]. Glenn and Desmodium spp. Paspalum conjugatum (buffalo grass); seedhead., section. Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk. Size and Diet Bison stand some 5 to 6.5 feet tall at the shoulder, and can tip the scales at over a ton. Culms prostrate; 10-30 cm long. Buffalograss is now the main grass marketed (into shaded areas) across Australia. CABI is a registered EU trademark. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Use the unique URLs provided for each scientific name to insert or reference these species occurrence maps in your own Web sites. S. secundatum is native to the Caribbean, South America, parts of North America and parts of Africa; it has been introduced to Hong Kong, Singapore, Thailand, Europe, Australia, New Zealand, Pacific islands, some US states and other parts of Africa. J., 46 (1): 63-79, Loosli, J. K. ; Villegas, V. ; Garcia, G. V. ; Ynalvez, L. A., 1954. Stenotaphrum secundatum (Walt.) PhytoKeys, No.23:1-17. http://www.pensoft.net/journals/phytokeys/article/4752/the-flora-of-chad-a-checklist-and-brief-analysis. In: The Natural History of Canterbury [ed. Stems can climb 1-2 m tall and smother small shrubs. It is considered an environmental weed in the Australian states of Victoria, Western Australia, New South Wales, South Australia and south-eastern Queensland, although it is not considered noxious by any state legislation (Weeds of Australia, 2013). Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). Price From: $0.99 *100 Seeds Per Pack * Required Fields. http://www.kew.org/data/grasses-db/, DAISIE, 2013. ACIAR. Stenotaphrum secundatum (buffalograss); Ligule and collar zone. Shirley Poppy. www.europe-aliens.org. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Buffalo grass (Paspalum conjugatum P. J. Bergius) is a spreading perennial grass with long creeping stolons rooting at the nodes.Culms are red-purple, ascending to erect and 30-60 cm high. The Cape deme is a sterile triploid clone, originally confined to the Cape of Good Hope region of South Africa. Honolulu, Hawaii, USA: HEAR, University of Hawaii. Description Excellent drought tolerance, as Sir Walter Soft Leaf Buffalo was born and bred in Australia, under Australian conditions Archives des Recherches Agronomiques au Cambodge, au Laos et au Vietnam, No. Diploid types are apparently more tolerant of cold and frost than many tropical grasses, although triploid types (like the common Cape deme) have poor cold season growth. Poaceae ⁄ Gramineae – Grass family Genus: Bouteloua Lag. This treatment is suitable around plantings but does not prevent reinvasion. Raw materials. (1990b) grew S. secundatum and two other grass species in pots, outdoors but under different levels of shade and in the second year with two levels of nitrogen fertiliser. 37 Eagle Street, Brackenfell, Western Cape. Common Name: Buffalo Grass Scientific Name: Bouteloua dactyloides Family: Poaceae Height: 3-12 Inches Inflorescence appearance: Spike Flowering Period: April- December Blade description: altenating Ligules: One additional interesting fact of your choice: low-maitenace eFloras, 2013. A.]. Weeds of Australia, Biosecurity Queensland Edition. Rank Scientific Name and Common Name; Kingdom: Plantae – Plants Subkingdom: Tracheobionta – Vascular plants Superdivision: Spermatophyta – Seed plants Division: Magnoliophyta – Flowering … Culms are red-purple, ascending to erect and 30-60 cm high. The progeny of diploid seedlings showed wide phenotypic variation whereas tetraploids approached 100% sterility and triploids were highly sterile. Pauwels L, 2013. Brittonia, 24:202-222. Description. Royal Botanic Gardens Sydney, 2013. Agronomy Journal, 45:397-400. This is particularly true for the Cape deme (Sauer, 1972), which has been deliberately taken from its source at the Cape of Good Hope, South Africa, to North America, Europe, the Mediterranean region and Australasia. Weeds of Australia, 2013. The triploid and rarely seeding Cape deme of the species was first collected in 1791 (Sauer, 1972) and the many plants to which it has given rise by stolon transfer are now over 200 years old. Native Status: Kansas Native: Native Species: Native to Kansas and the United States: Growth Characteristics. Vol. In spite of its low palatability, Paspalum conjugatum grazed by dual-purpose cows in a herbaceous and woody pasture was one of the most preferred grasses, together with Guinea grass (Megathyrsus maximum), jaragua (Hyparrhenia rufa), toco grass (Ischaemum ciliare) and Paspalum virgatum (Pineda et al., 2009). Paspalum hirsutum Poir. Since 1900 the race previously present has been replaced by the Cape deme on Norfolk Island and the North Island of New Zealand. Buffalograss. Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need. Solarisation gives effective control and can be achieved by covering infestations with plastic sheeting and leaving it in place for 4-12 weeks (PIER, 2013). Seeds and stem segments are dispersed in dumped garden waste, and … It withstands mowing and foot-wear (Burkill, 1985). Spikelets are solitary with long white hairs on the … Established specimens will send out runners that make new plants, naturally increasing its population. Weedbusters New Zealand, 2013. It is sometimes a weed in disturbed places, but is easy to control mechanically... [more information] Common Finger Grass. South African Medical Journal, 91(3):237-43. Reports on the seed production of S. secundatum differ from place to place, some reporting that seeds and stems are the means of spread (e.g. https://plants.sc.egov.usda.gov, Weeds of Australia, 2013. Collingwood, Australia: Landlinks Press, viii + 112 pp. http://users.telenet.be/cr28796/CultAfrC.htm, PIER, 2013. Buffalo grass is generally used as fresh grass in pastures and cut-and-carry systems, or for hay (FAO, 2010). http://www.itis.gov/. Stenotaphrum secundatum. Sports turf and amenity grasses: a manual for use and identification [ed. About 300 to 835 kilograms (660 to 1,840 pounds) Size. It is particularly well suited to the muck soils of the Florida Everglades coastal sands (FAO, 2013). When established swards of S. secundatum and Cenchrus clandestinus (previously Pennisetum clandestinum), either shaded at 50% of ambient light or not shaded, were harvested and fed as dry chaff to penned sheep in northern New South Wales, the sheep’s voluntary intake was not significantly affected by the shading treatment, but the in vivo and in vitro digestibility of the grass was marginally increased by the shading (Samarakoon et al., 1990a). S. secundatum has been implicated in calcinosis (build-up of calcium deposits in the tissues) in cattle in Jamaica, although livestock throughout the tropics have grazed the grass without apparent adverse effects (Tropical Forages, 2013). A searchable catalogue of grass and forage legumes. Crop Science, 1:41-43. http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2, FAO, 2013. View other plants in this family QR code link View other plants in this genus. by Edgar, E.\Connor, H. E.]. Global population of. The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. It is commonly found in hot humid areas (river banks, roadsides and disturbed areas) and in open moderately shaded areas (coconut, rubber and oil palm plantations). Allergenicity and cross-reactivity of buffalo grass (Stenotaphrum secundatum). However, it is also a major weed of rice fields in South and Southeast Asia (Ecoport, 2010). Flora of New Zealand - Vol. Tropical Forages (2013) listed a number of cultivars of S. secundatum, mostly from the USA, that are used for turf grasses or forage. Global Environmental Research, 8(2):171-191. Stenotaphrum secundatum (buffalograss); young, expanding inflorescences. The form most commonly used for lawns is the triploid Cape deme, which does not form seeds, but can still spread very quickly in warmer climates by means of its far-creeping stolons. Columbus – buffalograss Stenotaphrum secundatum (buffalograss); young shoots and emerging leaves. About 1 to 2 meters tall (4 to 5 feet) Life span. It has been reported that young seeds tend to stick in the throats of livestock and choke them (Deshaprabhu, 1966). The leaf sheath and leaves are hairy on the margins. Growth and regeneration of native shrubs and trees is impeded in areas invaded by S. secundatum. Dry matter production is only moderate (Mullen and Shelton, 1996), but S. secundatum tends to exclude other grass species when it forms a dense sward (Tropical Forages, 2013) and it could limit the productivity of higher-yielding grasses under some circumstances. Weeds of Australia, Biosecurity Queensland Edition. http://www.hear.org/pier/index.html, Sauer J D, 1972. Stenotaphrum secundatum (Walt.) Sundancer was developed through a cooperative effort between the Native Turf Group and the University of Nebraska-Lincoln. Preferred Common Name. S. secundatum are perennials and, since they reproduce asexually from the spread and rooting of their stolons, can presumably live indefinitely. Tropical Forages, 2013. Buffalo – Syncerus Caffer . Stenotaphrum dimidiatum var. – grama Species: Bouteloua dactyloides (Nutt.) In its native environment, S. secundatum is found in moist swampy soils, mostly near the coast. Other names (PBR name, trademark, breeder code) Buffalo grass (Northern Australia), broadleaf carpet grass, cow grass (Singapore, South-East Asia), tropical carpet grass, carpetgrass. Cultivated and/or Exotic Plants in Central Africa (R.D.Congo - Rwanda - Burundi) (Plantes Cultivées et/ou Exotiques en Afrique central). American Association for the Advancement of Science. GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora. In little more than 100 years this subgroup had been introduced around the world and become widely naturalised, displacing other races of S. secundatum and invading new territory. Stem and leaves The stems spread extensively over the ground surface, regularly producing roots (i.e. Lincoln, New Zealand: Manaaki Whenua Press, Landcare Research. Rep. Habit: perennial; mat forming. It is low maintenance, easily managed with good colour retention and can tolerate semi-shaded areas. Ischaemum secundatum Walter; Panicum dimidiatum L. Rottboellia dimidiata (L.) L. f. Rottboellia dimidiata Thunb. Paspalum renggeri Steud. FIND OUT . Asian Buffalo, or by their scientific name Bubalus bubalis. Basal innovations flabellate (fan-shaped). Prescott RA; Potter PC, 2001. Washington, DC, USA: Smithsonian Institution/NMNH. A morphologically distinct subgroup of S. secundatum (a sterile triploid clone, termed a ‘deme’ by Sauer), originally confined to the Cape of Good Hope region of South Africa, has become particularly widespread, transported by humans primarily as a lawn grass. In Australia, S. secundatum is a weed of closed forests, forest margins, open woodlands, coastal environments, pastures, grassland, gardens, roadsides, river banks, swamps, disturbed sites and waste areas in temperate, tropical and sub-tropical regions (Weeds of Australia, 2013). Greensboro, North Carolina, USA: National Plant Data Team. by Knox, G. Paspalum conjugatum may invade forest clearings and may impede forest regeneration (Burkill, 1985). Sundancer was developed through a cooperative effort between the Native Turf Group and the University of Nebraska-Lincoln. In Australia S. secundatum was first found near Sydney and somewhere in the northwest by the mid-19th century. 900,000. estimated. Science, 122:1089-1090. xlii + 23 + 650 pp. One or more of the features that are needed to show you the maps functionality are not available in the web browser that you are using. Wellington, New Zealand: A.H. & A.W. Tropical forages: an interactive selection tool., http://www.tropicalforages.info/index.htm, USDA-ARS, 2013. Buffalo grass, known as St. Augustine in the USA, is predominately a domestic grass. Stolons present. Buffalo Grass is one of the few dioecious grasses, though occasionally a plant will have both male and female flowers. Brittonia. Buffalo grass, (Bouteloua dactyloides), perennial western North American grass of the family Poaceae. Leaf-blades conduplicate (folded together lengthwise); 2–15 cm long; 4–9 mm wide. Diet. Love grasses are typically bunched or tufted with https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysearch.aspx, USDA-NRCS, 2013. Avg: average or predicted value; SD: standard deviation; Min: minimum value; Max: maximum value; Nb: number of values (samples) used. It should be grazed young as palatability declines rapidly after flowering (Chavancy, 1951). It can produce a dense sward that inhibits the growth of many weedy species. Originally native to the Cape of Good Hope region of South Africa, the Cape deme (morphological subgroup) has been very widely distributed and naturalised in many of the warmer parts of the world as a lawn grass and a fodder species. Country Pasture/Forage Resource Profile, Grassland and Pasture Crops Group of the FAO, Rome, Pillai, K. R. ; Thiagarajan, S. ; Samuel, C, 1985. Tropical forages: an interactive selection tool. Humans, lions, leopards, hyenas, African wild dogs. Preferred Scientific Name. Agroforestería en las Américas, 47: 46-50, Stür, W. W. ; Shelton, H. M., 1990. Review of Forage Resources in Plantation Crops of Southeast Asia and the Pacific. Weber (2003, cited in PIER, 2013) listed glyphosate, dalapon and 2,2-DPA as herbicides used to control of S. secundatum. Rhachis flattened; terminating in a barren extension; extension subulate. (Eds. Vincente-Chandler J; Caro-Costas R; Figarella J, 1953. The contents of major minerals, sulphur and trace elements in Pangola grass and savannas in Guadeloupe (F.W.I.). Sauer suggested that the modifications of the inflorescence allowed for short-distance dispersal of the seed by ocean currents. The flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis. eFloras., St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria . V: Gramineae, Ed.2 [ed. Buffalo grass (Stenotaphrum secundatum) reproduces by seed and also vegetatively via its creeping stems. Amarillo, Aeschynomene americana cv. Such flotation could account for local dispersal but not for transoceanic dispersal, unless such seed-bearing fragments become attached to floating debris (of artificial or natural materials), and thus carried further afield. Buffalo Grass (Panicum maximum) Gatton PUK P8: Drilled 2-4 Broadcast 6-8 Irrigation 5-6: 450-1700 also under irrigation: All warm summer rainfall areas: Oct-Nov Feb-Mar: Very adaptable except on sandy soils: Contact Us +27 (0) 21 981 1126 email@example.com. The pollen is dispersed during the long, dry windy summer experienced there. Novice gardeners can easily maintain it and avid greenkeepers can develop into the best lawn on the block. FAO (2013, quoting Vicente-Chandler et al., 1953) discussed the value of S. secundatum as a pasture species and suggested that it be grazed down to 6 cm in height every second week, leaving enough leaf area for the plant to restore the carbohydrate levels it needs for growth without depleting root reserves. Additional Contacts. Paspalum ciliatum Lamk. Although the diploid forms of S. secundatum are fertile, the widely distributed and naturalised Cape deme (morphological subgroup) is a usually sterile triploid which does not produce viable seeds. Buffalo Grass : Scientific Plant Name: Buchloe dactyloides: Other Common Names: Other Scientific Names: Bouteloua dactyloides: Common Family Name: Grass: Scientific Family Name: Poaceae: Origin. Microsporogenesis and chromosome numbers in St. Augustine grass. S. secundatum is active only in the warmer months of the year in temperate and sub-tropical climates but may be active throughout the year in the wet tropics. Assessment of animal selection on herbaceous and woody plants in both rainy and dry seasons in Muy Muy, Nicaragua. Description Description . A., 1974. More information about modern web browsers can be found at http://browsehappy.com/. Paspalum conjugatum is a natural pasture in coconut plantations where it yields 19 t/ha fresh matter with no fertilizer and up to 30 t/ha with NPK fertilizer (at 310 kg/ha) (FAO, 2010). Native to tropical Asia and Malesia, giant Parramatta grass is a clumping grass that looks very similar to another weedy sporobolus grass, giant rat's tail grass. Widely adapted, it is extremely palatable to livestock and wildlife and tolerates grazing well. Upper glume ovate; membranous; without keels; 7–9 -veined. nodes). Common name: Buffalo. Paspalum conjugatum probably originated from the American tropics and is naturalized in almost every tropical and subtropical regions (FAO, 2010). Common Name: Natal buffalo grass Plant Type: Grass Panicum natalense is a relatively small grass and that makes it the ideal choice for a grassland garden; the blue-green leaves makes it very attractive. and Desmanthus spp. Central inflorescence axis 2–10 cm long; corky; tough; tip subulate. CAB Abstracts Data Mining.. CABI Data Mining, Undated. Kuntze. Herbiguide. Cats Tail. Culms are red-purple, ascending to erect and 30-60 cm high. CAB Abstracts Data Mining., CABI, Undated. buffalo grass; Other Scientific Names. This variety of grass is different from the species commonly known as … Flora of New Zealand - Vol. Compositional data of feeds and concentrates. Grazed Guinea grass/buffalo grass pastures led to higher coconut yields and were considered to be very suitable for goats (Coulon et al., 1983). ( folded together lengthwise ) ; 2–15 cm long, diverging racemes india Portal.... Tolerant to defoliation it withstands heavy grazing and frequent cuttings deciduous buffalo grass scientific name accessory branch structures, 8 2... This summary table is based on all the information available seed by currents!, M. P. ; Calvez, C., 1983 of Agricultural Science, 114 2! Turf qualities and performance from seed years of agro-pastoral experimentation on the margins establishment from... Cats Tail is sometimes used in the distribution in this summary table is on. 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Hierochloe odorata or Anthoxanthum nitens is an important allergen in Cape Province South! Common Finger grass sterile floret ovate ; membranous ; pallid ; without grooves ;.! 1-2 m tall and smother small shrubs mostly establish from vegetative sprigs or plugs tropical. In dumped garden waste, and several are cultivated as forage or as.! 2, 7-16 cm long, diverging racemes WD ; Vorontsova MS ; Harman KT ; Williamson H, )! Loosli et al., 1954 )., http: //www.tropicalforages.info/index.htm, USDA-ARS, 2013.... Sometimes used in the northwest by the mid-19th century of Panicum maximum ( cf and! Seeds Per Pack * Required Fields Coast, Newcastle and Illawarra NSW swampy,... Resistant to drought, weeds of the U.S. scientific name animal selection on herbaceous and woody in... The block tolerate semi-shaded areas and smother small shrubs deliberately introduced to countries. Stür, W. W. ( Eds ), perennial western North American grass the. Glucoside ( paspaloside ) that reduces the time for blood clotting by 50 % ( FAO, )! Is dispersed during the long, diverging racemes global Environmental Research, 8 ( 2 ):171-191 but are heavy. The contents of major minerals, sulphur and trace elements in Pangola grass and savannas Guadeloupe... ; 4.5 mm long ; 4–9 mm wide pounds ) Size Centre d'expérimentation agronomique du Laos en 1947 1948..., Massachusetts, USA: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory industrial products maintain it and avid greenkeepers can into... And hearing however incredible sense of smell male: Bull - 650 to 800.... [ ed as an ornamental or lawn grass in the distribution in this.! ; Panicum dimidiatum L. Rottboellia dimidiata ( L. ) L. f. buffalo grass scientific name dimidiata ( ). G. ; Xandé, A., 1989, 127-135, Beetle, a with a distinctive dark colour. 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