But did you know that there are actually dozens of different varieties of coffee beans? There is an endless variety to choose from, but here are some notable arabica varieties. The Robusta tree appears bushier, the leaves are larger and the berries form in clusters Coffee bean types explained | varieties. Once roasted, pretty much all coffee beans look the same. This variety pack would help you figure out which flavors you like best. Typica coffee plants tend to produce excellent tasting coffee, but the yield is on the low side. Bourbon isn’t an extremely productive variety, but produces an excellent cup of coffee. It has consequently spread from Kenya, where it was originally selected in the 1930s, to other parts of Africa (it is important in Arabica-growing regions of Uganda, in particular) and now to Latin America. The most famous coffee varieties (Arabica) Bourbon. Some coffee plants can grow to over 7 feet tall, so containing it in a pot with some pruning is a good idea. These two are at the top of the family tree. Arabica beans are mild in the cup, with comparatively less caffeine, while Robusta has more aromatic. Arabica Coffee plants are also more sensitive to temperature and handling, and yield a smaller harvest per acre than the Robusta variety. With no less than 800 complex and volatile aromas, Arabica is the king of coffee and accounts for 70% of the world’s coffee production.And it is an undivided king: its coffee tree is the only one to be self-pollinating; moreover, it has 44 chromosomes instead of the usual 22 for other varieties. What’s the difference between the two? Another factor in growing Arabica or Robusta coffee is altitude - Arabica coffees do best over 500 m above sea level, and are really their best above 1300 meters (known as "strictly high grown"). The variety arrived into Brazil late 19 th century and quickly spread around South and Middle America. Almost all arabica coffee varieties we know and love stem from two original varieties: Typica and Bourbon. Although coffee is one of the main sources of livelihood for farmers in the Benguet province, the Benguet variety is listed as an endangered food in the … Common Coffee Varieties. It was created on the Island of Bourbon in the 18 th century. Coffee Plants come in two main varieties :- Arabica and Robusta. Arabica. Bourbon is the other of the two main varieties of Arabica, along with Typica. Coffee bean types explained | varieties. Most of the time it will do very well as black coffee. Coffea arabica, which is indigenous to Ethiopia and some neighboring lands, first was transported out of its homeland into neighboring Yemen.From Yemen, coffee was transported around the world. Benguet Arabica, or Benguet coffee, is a single-origin Typica variety grown in a landlocked province in the Philippines. 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